In recent years, there have been emerging concerns regarding the fate and effects of pulp and paper mill effluents on the environment. Countries throughout the world are focusing attention on the implementation of regulatory and monitoring programs. In response, industry has begun to implement a variety of process and treatment technologies designed to minimize or eliminate the potential impacts.
Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents explores the most active and critical current research and experimentation from around the world. This comprehensive overview examines the identity and origin of chemicals in pulp mill effluents, environmental fate of chemicals from pulp and paper mills, bioaccumulation of substances from pulp mills to fish and wildlife, field and laboratory studies of biochemical and whole organism responses associated with pulp and paper effluents, integrated monitoring and future research, and policy directions of this rapidly evolving field.
Written by prominent scientists from around the world with contributions from industry, government, and academia, this important new book provides a balanced global perspective of the recent scientific findings and the challenges being faced in the immediate future.
Table of Contents
IDENTIFICATION AND ORIGIN OF CHEMICALS AND TOXICITY
Effects of Internal Process Changes and External Treatment on Effluent Chemistry
Sources of Pulping and Bleaching Derived Chemicals in Effluents
The Evolution of Processes for Production of Bleached Pulp
Toxicity of TCF and ECF Pulp Bleaching Effluents Assessed by Biological Toxicity Tests
Environmental Fate and Distribution of Substances
Biodegradability of Different Size Classes of Bleached Kraft Pulp Mill Effluent Organic Halogens During Wastewater Treatment and in Lake Environments
Analysis of Black Liquor Samples for Organosulfur Compounds Using GC/Atomic Emission Detection (AED)
Turnover in Chloroorganic Substances in a Bothnian Sea Recipient Receiving Bleached Kraft Pulp Mill Effluents (BKME)
BIOACCUMULATION OF SUBSTANCES FROM PULP AND PAPER MILLS TO FISH AND WILDLIFE
Bioaccumulation of Bleached Kraft Mill-related Organic Chemicals in Fish
Levels and Effects of Persistent Pollutants from Pulp and Paper Mill Sources in Wildlife
Studies on Eulachon Tainting Problem: Analyses of Tainting and Toxic Aromatic Pollutants
FIELD AND LABORATORY STUDIES OF BIOCHEMICAL RESPONSES ASSOCIATED WITH PULP AND PAPER MILL EFFLUENTS
MFO Induction by Pulp Mill Effluents-Advances Since 1992
Biochemical Responses in Organisms Exposed to Effluents from Pulp Production-Are They Related to Bleaching?
FIELD AND LABORATORY STUDIES OF WHOLE ORGANISM RESPONSES ASSOCIATED WITH PULP AND PAPER MILL EFFLUENTS
Laboratory Responses of Whole Organisms Exposed to Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents: 1991-1994
Survival, Growth, Production and Biomarker Responses of Fish Exposed to High Substitution Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent in Experimental Streams
Effect Monitoring in Pulp Mill Areas-Response of Meiofauna Community to Altered Process Technique
Effects of Pulp Mill Effluent on Benthic Freshwater Invertebrates: Food Availability and Stimulation of Increased Growth and Development
Design and Application of a Novel Stream Microcosm System for Assessing Effluent Impacts to Large Rivers
The Role of Biological Measurements in Monitoring Pulp and Paper Mills in Australia and S.E. Asia
A Review of Recent Studies in North America Using Integrated Monitoring Approaches to Assessing Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent Effects on Receiving Waters
Ecotoxicological Impacts of Pulp Mill Effluents in Finland
Recent Perspectives in Integrated Monitoring
Regulation of Pulp and Paper Mill Aquatic Discharges: Current Status and Needs from an International Perspective
Environmental Aspects of ECF vs. TCF Pulp Bleaching
Swedish Environmental Regulations for Bleached Kraft Pulp Mills
Future Directions for Pulp Mills
Servos\, Mark R.