192 pages | 14 B/W Illus.
In Environmental Federalism, Luke Fowler helps to refocus much needed attention on the role of state governments in environmental policy creation and implementation in the United States. While the national government receives most of the attention when it comes to environmental policy, state governments play a vital role in protecting our natural resources. Legacy problems, like air, water, and land pollution, present one set of challenges for environmental federalism, but new problems emerging as a result of climate change further test the bounds of federal institutions.
Examining patterns of pollution and case studies from the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act, Fowler explores two questions: has environmental federalism worked in managing legacy environmental problems, and can it work to manage climate change? In order to answer these questions, Fowler extends James Lester’s typology using political incentives and administrative capacities to identify four types of states (progressive, delayers, strugglers, & regressives), and assesses how they are linked to the success of federal environmental programs and conflicts in intergovernmental relations. He then considers what lessons we can learn from these programs and whether those lessons can help us better understand climate policy and multi-level institutions for environmental governance.
This timely read will be a valuable contribution to students, researchers and scholars of political science, public policy, public administration, and environmental studies.
"Fowler offers a fresh take on environmental federalism by exploring how political and administrative contexts shape state environmental policies, outcomes, and intergovernmental relationships. A one-of-a kind, comprehensive analytical inquiry invaluable for students of political science, public administration and environmental policy, it is the best book written on this topic." — Richard Feiock, Florida State University
"The greatest challenge in environmental protection and climate change is that they require tremendous amounts of cooperation across governments. Fowler’s text provides a new frame for federalism scholarship - a synergy because environmentalism and multi-layered governance. This book is worth a read for students, scholars and anyone interested in getting a handle on this important." — Jessica Terman, Associate Professor, George Mason Schar School of Policy and Government
"An impressive examination of the crucial—though often unappreciated—role that federalism plays in U.S. environmental policy. Drawing on an extensive array of original data, Fowler documents significant variation in the ways that states have fulfilled their environmental protection responsibilities. His findings raise profound questions about the capability of the American system to respond to new, complex environmental challenges such as climate change." — Neal D. Woods, University of South Carolina
"Environmental Federalism: Old Legacies and New Challenges will likely become the next standard text for understanding the complex interworking of environmental policymaking in our federal system. It offers a cogent exploration of an ever changing and complex policy arena – environmental federalism. Using current data, Fowler empirically portends a typology of intergovernmental environmental policy that updates a long-standing and well-conceived typology. As evidence of its utility, Fowler constructs detailed case studies of various states that exemplify the typology’s construct and demonstrate its application; in doing so, he provides a schematic for state and local policymakers to utilize in explaining where they stand currently and what they need to do to improve their environmental disposition. The field is in need of a contemporary update of environmental federalism and Fowler has delivered!" — Hunter Bacot, UNC Greensboro
1. The Challenges of Shared Sovereignty
2. A Brief History of Environmental Federalism
3. The Politics of Environmental Protection
4. Administrative Challenges and the Limits of Environmental Policy in Practice
5. Progressives, Strugglers, Delayers, and Regressives
6. An Uneasy Partnership
7. The Tangled Web of Local Government
8. Same Story, Different Problem
9. Lessons Learned