Three decades of rapid industrialization until the lifting of martial law in 1987, with little or no concern for the environment, have made Taiwan’s environmental degradation a serious problem. In the past twenty years, Taiwan has seen a surge of environmental organizations, which to a certain degree have enjoyed a remarkable success in fighting polluting industries or affecting policies on behalf of the environment.
This book aims to analyse environmental governance mechanisms and actors in Taiwan through a multi-disciplinary research approach. Based on extensive and original research, it includes four different case studies, which have all taken place since 2011. It focuses on four major elements of governance - specifically norms, actors, processes, and outcomes - to examine Taiwan’s national and local environmental governance in the post-2008 period. The book shows how the painful lessons Taiwan has learned throughout its transition should be of interest to other developing countries, illustrating how these positive transformations have managed to bring about a more ecologically friendly mode of economic development.
Demonstrating that the battle to further ecological sustainability is also a battle to further democratisation, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Taiwan Studies, Developmental Studies and Environmental Studies.
1. Introduction to environmental politics in Taiwan 2. Contextualizing Taiwan’s environmental history: from "developmentalism" to ecological awareness? 3. Nuclear energy and the fourth nuclear power plant controversy 4. Taiwan’s petrochemical industry and the Kuokuang Petrochemical Naphtha Cracker 5. The Taipei Dome BOT Project 6. The Tamshui North Shore Road Project 7. Towards a more balanced and inclusive environmental governance approach