1st Edition

Environmental Hydraulics - Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH09, 29 & 30 October 2009, Valencia, Spain

    366 Pages
    by CRC Press

    This book contains the selected extended abstracts presented at the First International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics IWEH09, Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions, held in Valencia from 29 to 30 October 2009. The aim of the workshop was to encourage scientists, engineers and researchers to present and facilitate communication on modeling environmental problems related to hydrodynamic aspects of fluid modeling, including fluid mechanics analysis, transport of pollutants, mathematical and system modeling, experimental and theoretical validation experiences, measurement techniques focused to environmental problems, etc.

    80 papers have been selected for publication in the book, covering the following topics:

    • Mathematical and numerical modeling of environmental fluid mechanics problems
    • Turbulence modeling
    • Dispersion and Transport
    • Experimental experiences related to hydraulic models of environmental problems
    • Models Validation
    • Water and environmental engineering and hydroinformatics

    This book provides an up-to-date review of the results of  research and practice in present and future environmental hydraulics developments, especially aspects related to modelling.

    Table of Contents
    IWEH 09 committees
    Invited lectures
    Environmental, ecological and cultural impacts of tidal bores, burros and bonos, H. Chanson
    Flow-organism interactions in running waters: Interplay between flow mechanics, biomechanics, and ecology, V.I. Nikora
    Mathematical and numerical modeling of environmental fluid mechanics problems
    Development of a simplified model to solve 2D surface flow in basins, D. López-Barrera, P. García-Navarro, J. Burguete & P. Brufau
    Optimizing design in open channel, J.A. Pina, M. Hidalgo & D. Bragoni
    Numerical simulation of flow in the bifurcation of the Mezcalapa River, J.A. Sánchez-Muñoz,W. Vicente-Rodríguez, M. Salinas-Vázquez, J. Osnaya-Romero, J. Gracia-Sánchez & E. Carrizosa-Elizondo
    Numerical analysis of hydraulic structures on the Carrizal River with computational fluid dynamics, Cubos-Ramírez,W. Vicente-Rodríguez, M. Salinas-Vázquez, J. Gracia-Sánchez, J. Osnaya-Romero & E. Carrizosa-Elizondo
    Modeling 2D laminar steady-state flow over a rectangular cavity, C. Gualtieri
    Simulation of the filling and emptying processes between a river and its storage areas, D. Meire, L. De Doncker, P. Troch & R. Verhoeven
    Circulation and numerical modeling of the Manzanillo harbor, Colima, Mexico, A. Aguilar-Chavez, R. Morales-Pérez, J.A. Laurel-Castillo & H. Vélez-Muñoz
    Dynamic ultrafiltration modelling for a submerged membrane bioreactor based on neural networks, Y.M. Carreño-Martínez, J.A. Mendoza-Roca, E. Lobo-Colominas, A. Bes-Pia, F.J. Martínez-Francisco & L. Pastor-Alcañiz
    Energy production in water supply systems: Computational analysis for new design solutions, H.M. Ramos, A. Borga & M. Simão
    CFD simulation of the filling cycles in a potable water storage tank, D.F. Muriel, F.H. Garzon & C. Mosquera
    Effects of the pipe-wall rheological behaviour on hydraulic transient pressures, A.K. Soares, D.I.C. Covas, L.F.R. Reis & H.M. Ramos
    Mathematical modeling of pressurized system behaviour with entrapped air, S.C. Martins, H.M. Ramos &A.B. Almeida
    CFD model of flow intrusion through a failure inside a pipe caused by negative pressure, J. Mora-Rodríguez, P.A. López-Jiménez, F. García-Mares & X. Delgado-Galván
    Modelling of the stirring of a sludge tank using Computational Fluid Dynamics, P. Martínez, R. Granell, S. Martínez & R. Suay
    Two dimensional hydrodynamic modelling for floods assessment in San Luis Potosí Industrial Zone (Mexico), T. de J. Soriano Pérez &A. Dufour Candelaria
    Environmental hydraulics master program in Andalusia: An integrated approach to a professional and scientific profile oriented to multidisciplinary work groups, M.J. Polo, A. Baquerizo, L. Cruz, R. Fernández-Feria & M.Á. Losada
    Computational aspects on hybrid ANN-FE-groundwater flow calculations, L.Weber & K.-P. Holz
    Turbulence modeling, dispersion and transport
    Impact of water depth confinement on turbulent open-channel flows over rough walls, E. Florens, O. Eiff & F.Y. Moulin
    Lateral mixing in a meandering open channel flow, F. Folke, I. Moncho-Esteve, M. García-Villalba, C. Braun & G. Palau-Salvador
    Momentum dispersion and wall friction in free surface flows above non-uniform bottom roughness, A. Soualmia, L. Masbernat, S. Zaouali &A. Kaffel
    Evaluation of viscous models for simulation of flow over round-shaped weirs, M. Spano &V. Stara
    Swirl strength analysis of a turbulent round jet, V. Roussinova & R. Balachandar
    A numerical study of flow in emerged and submerged groyne fields, M. García-Villalba &W. Brevis
    An efficient and conservative model for solute transport in unsteady shallow water flow, B. Latorre, P. García-Navarro, J. Murillo & J. Burguete
    Dispersion measurement in transient open channel flows by PLIF, J.A. García, B. Latorre, S. Ambroj & D. López-Barrera
    A 1D approximation to solute transport in shallow water flows over porous media, M. Nofuentes & M.J. Polo
    Analytical methods for velocity distribution and dip-phenomenon in narrow open-channel flows, R. Absi
    Effect of sedimentation on 3D turbidity currents, M. La Rocca, P. Mele, G. Sciortino & M.A. Boniforti
    Numerical modelling of nearshore waves, currents, and sediment transport: Validation with laboratory data, P. Thanh Nam, M. Larson, H. Hanson & L. Xuan Hoan
    Application of an integrated sediment transport model at a large gravel bed river – Bridging the gap between measurements and calculations, B. Schober, M. Tritthart, M. Liedermann & H. Habersack
    Application of computational fluid dynamics to an investigation of sediment accumulation in the Bondi STP bypass channel, K.M. Riddette, E.K. Lo, K.J. Wright & J.R. Smith
    Experimental experiences related to hydraulic models of environmental problems.
    Models validation
    Experimental study of a river biofilm growth on artificial cobbles in contrasted flow conditions, F.Y. Moulin, Y. Peltier, C. Pen, F. Garabétian, J. Sanchez-Pérez, S. Sauvage, D. Baqué & O. Eiff
    Experimental study of the benthic boundary layer above a bed of shells, F.Y. Moulin, K. Mülleners & C. Bourg
    Environment friendly structures named Bandalling for river bank erosion protection, Md. L. Rahman, B.C. Basak & Md. S. Osman
    Dynamics of the Chacahua tidal inlet: Measurements and modelling, R.A. Morales, H.S. Vélez, G. Gutiérrez & J.A. Laure
    Calibration of friction coefficients for a 3D hydrodynamic model, M. Escalante-Estrada, R. Morales-Pérez & P. Echeverría Vaquero
    Experimental investigation of flow and deposit patterns in rectangular shallow reservoirs: Preliminary analysis, M. Dufresne, B.J. Dewals, S. Erpicum, P. Archambeau & M. Pirotton
    Dynamics of SS in the Guadalquivir estuary: Monitoring network and database management, S. Bramato, E. Contreras, M.J. Polo, A. Baquerizo, G. Navarro, M. Díez-Minguito & M.Á. Losada
    Monitoring and decision support systems for impacts minimization of desalination plant outfall in marine ecosystem, J.M. Hernandez Torres, A. Hernandez Mascarell, M. Navarro Hernandez, M. Martin Monerris, R. Molina & J.M. Cortes
    Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments: Quantifying the elastic constant, k, E. Vignaga, H. Haynes,W.T. Sloan, A. Fernandes, M. Jarvis, T.K. Beattie &V.R. Phoenix
    Air-water flow structure in a vertical pipe: Experimental results and CFD modelling, S. Chiva, S. Mendez, J.L. Muñoz-Cobo, E. Julia, L. Hernandez & F. Pellacani
    Heavy metal (Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn) distribution in marine sediments of the Bay of Cullera, Valencia (Western Mediterranean Sea), A.M. Jaramillo Londoño, V. Benedito Durà, A. Tombari &A. Pastor García
    Quantification of uncertainties in a 2D hydraulic model for the Dutch river Rhine using expert opinions, J.J.Warmink, H. van der Klis, M.J. Booij & S.J.M.H. Hulscher
    Evolutive techniques applied to water quality models calibration, P.A. López-Jiménez, F.J. Martínez-Solano, G. López-Patiño &V.S. Fuertes-Miquel
    Direct sensitivity computation for the shallow water equations with discontinuous solution, C. Delenne, V. Guinot & B. Cappelaere
    Filtering and validation of velocities obtained with ADV equipment inside of hydraulic jumps, L.G. Castillo
    Lessons for the calibration of hydraulic transient simulators, N.J.G. Carriço, D.I.C. Covas &A.K. Soares
    Two dimensional experimental and numerical analyses of flow and pollutant transport in meandering channel, I.W. Seo, S.W. Park & C.G. Song
    Water and environmental engineering and hydroinformatics
    A process based model applied to morphodynamic evolution for long-term climate change studies, P.L. Silva, S. Gabriel & F. Martins
    WiMMed, a distributed physically-based watershed model (I): Description and validation, M.J. Polo, J. Herrero, C. Aguilar, A. Millares, A. Moñino, S. Nieto & M.Á. Losada
    WiMMed, a distributed physically-based watershed model (II): Application examples, M. Egüen, C. Aguilar, M. José Polo, I. Moreno, J. Herrero, A. Millares & M.Á. Losada
    Impact of urban growth in pluvial runoff in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico, J.S. García, G.E. Gutiérrez, B.A. Sáenz & R.R. Santos
    Linking urban drainage to surface water management models, D. Bertram, M. Roberts & H. Haynes
    A methodology for the calculation of hydrological risk in areas to integrate to urban development, C.E. Rodriguez, G.I. Estrada & R.A. Orozco
    Vulnerability of the aquifer “El Sáuz-Encinillas”, Chihuahua, México, R. Licón Rubio, A. Pinales Munguia, J. Gómez-Hernández, G. Llerar Meza, L. Salas Lechuga, H.O. Rubio Arias, L. Villalba, M. Royo Ochoa & R. de la Garza Aguilar
    Estimation of aquifer recharge in “El Sáuz-Encinillas”, A. Pinales Munguia, J. Gómez-Hernández, G. Llerar Meza, L. Salas Lechuga & L. Villalba
    Radium presence on spring water from San Diego De Alcala, Chihuahua, México, L. Villalba, L. Colmenero, G. Manjon, R. Chávez, M. Royo, A. Pinales, B. Aguirre, M. Royo-León, F. Mireles & I. Dávila
    Comparison of evolutionary algorithms for design of sewer systems, D. Mora-Meliá, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, V.S. Fuertes-Miquel & F.J. Martinez-Solano
    Application of the harmony search algorithm to water distribution networks design, D. Mora-Meliá, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, G. Lopez-Patiño &V.S. Fuertes-Miquel
    Evaluation of the front leakage flow in a low-specific-speed centrifugal pump, M. Pelegrí, J. Armengol, J.R. González, T. Pujol, L. Montoro & P. Tubert
    Energy production in water supply systems based on renewable sources: Neural networks, F.V. Gonçalves, H.M. Ramos & L.F.R. Reis
    New high head pumped-storage power station design to increase the wind power penetration in island autonomous power systems, C.A. Platero, F. Blazquez, M. Álvarez & C. Romero
    Iterative method for least-cost design and operation of pumping water distribution systems, H.P. Gomes, S. de T.M. Bezerra, P.S.O. Carvalho & M.M. Salvino
    Classical renewable hydro-energy devices: The case of an ancient Spanish watermill, L. Montoro, T. Pujol, M. Pelegrí, J.R. González & J. Velayos
    Air valves behavior. Comparison between compressible and incompressible flow, V.S. Fuertes-Miquel, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, F.J. García-Mares & D. Mora-Meliá
    Pipelines with entrapped air pockets. Comparison between adiabatic and isothermal flow, V.S. Fuertes-Miquel, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, P.A. López-Jiménez & D. Mora-Meliá
    Parameters determination for a mixing model in storage facilities in water distribution systems, F.J. Martínez-Solano, J. de J. Mora-Rodríguez, P.L. Iglesias-Rey & G. López-Patiño
    Analysis of transient vaporous cavitation in polyethylene pipes, A.K. Soares, D.I.C. Covas, H.M. Ramos & L.F.R. Reis
    A method for sizing first flush water diverters tanks in rainwater harvesting systems, G. López-Patiño, F.J. Martínez-Solano, P.A. López-Jiménez &V.S. Fuertes-Miquel
    Water intrusion in pipes due to a transient event, L. Salas-Lechuga, J.J. Gómez-Hernández, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, V. Fuertes-Miquel & P.A. López-Jiménez
    Comparison of air valve behaviour by using CFD techniques, F.J. García-Mares, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, V.S. Fuertes-Miquel, D. Mora-Meliá & P.A.López-Jiménez
    Fuzzy model in the vulnerability multi-criteria assessment in water supply systems, V. Zidko & H.M. Ramos
    Statistical analysis of water distribution networks design using Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm, D. Mora-Meliá, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, G. Bosque-Chacón & P.A. López-Jiménez
    Backward transient analysis: A conceptual method for leak detection in pressurized pipes, A. Haghighi, D. Covas & H. Ramos
    Analysis of seismic actions in pipe infrastructures security, A. Cesteiro & H.M. Ramos
    Main factors for the damping of pressure waves: The pumping system of the city of Guarda, N.A. Melo & H.M. Ramos
    Optimal scheduling of the renewal of pipes in a system of urban water supply: Case study, C. Alonso, R. Pérez, J.L. Diáz & X. Delgado
    Author Index


    Petra Amparo López Jiménez (Associate Professor in Hydraulic Engineering at the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain), graduated from Coventry University (UK) in 1992. She received her Industrial Engineer degree from the Polytechnic University of Valencia in 1994, and she finally received a PhD in Hydraulic Engineering from UPV in 2001. Dr. López has more than a decade of experience in teaching in engineering fields, related to hydraulic and environmental topics. She is author or editor of more than twenty books about hydraulic engineering, water quality and atmospheric pollution. She has been Academic Vice Dean of the School of Industrial Engineering (UPV) from 2006 to 2008. Currently she is the Vice Director of the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering in her University.

    Vicente S. Fuertes Miquel is an Industrial Engineer (specialized in Energy) from the Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain (1992). He received a PhD in Hydraulic Engineering from the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain (2001).

    Pedro L. Iglesias Rey is an Industrial Engineer from the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain(1990). He received a PhD in Hydraulic Engineering from the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain (2001).

    Gonzalo López Patiño is an Industrial Engineer from the Politechnical University of Valencia (1994). He is lecturer of Fluid Mechanics in the Department of Hydraulic Engineering at this University.

    F. Javier Martinez-Solano is PhD in Engineering by the Polytechnic University of Valencia since 2002. He is also lecturer of Fluid Mechanics in the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering of this University since 1994.

    Guillermo Palau Salvador is currently Assistant Professor in Hydraulic Engineering at the Department of Rural Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain. He received her Engineer degree from the Polytechnic University of Valencia in 2001, and he finally received a PhD in Hydraulic Engineering from UPV in 2005.