Environmental Information Management And Analysis : Ecosystem To Global Scales book cover
1st Edition

Environmental Information Management And Analysis
Ecosystem To Global Scales




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ISBN 9780748401239
Published August 8, 1994 by CRC Press
516 Pages

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Book Description

Most environmental studies are based upon data collected at fine spatial scales plots, sediments, cores, etc.. Furthermore, temporal scales of these studies have been relatively short days, weeks, months and few studies have exceeded three years duration the typical funding cycle.; Despite this history, environmental scientists are now being called upon to extrapolate findings from "plot-level" studies to broader spatial scales and from short-term studies to longer temporal scales, up to decades for questions related to long-term processes such as global warming and the rise in sea level.; The complex questions being addressed internationally require that scientists take advantage of new technologies including remote sensing, geographic information systems GIS, and powerful climatic and environmental simulation models. As more environmental scientists begin to work at these broader spatial and temporal scales, and to utilize many of the newer technologies, they are recognising a whole new class of problems.; This book aims to address the most pertinent issues, and includes a comprehensive review of selected topics, case studies, and theoretical discussions, divided into seven sections each preceded by a brief introduction.

Table of Contents

List of figures

List of tables

Preface

Contributors

A RESEARCH PERSPECTIVE

Integration of scientific information management and environmental research

Susan G. Stafford, James W. Brunt and William K. Michener

Grand challenges in scaling up environmental research

James H. Brown

Sustainable Biosphere Initiative: Data management challenges

James R. Gosz

Multiple roles for GIS in global change research: Towards a research agenda

Dennis E. Jelinski, Michael F. Goodchild and Louis T. Steyaert

SCIENTIFIC DATABASES AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Scientific information systems: A conceptual framework

Donald E. Strebel, Blanche W. Meeson and Alan K. Nelson

Development and refinement of the Konza Prairie LTER Research Information Management Program

John M. Briggs and Haiping Su

Forest health monitoring case study

Charles I. Liff, Kurt H. Riiters and Karl A. Hermann

Bigfoot: An earth science computing environment for the Sequoia 2000 Project

James Frew

Representing spatial change in environmental databases

John L. Pflatz and James C. French

QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL

Automated smoothing techniques for visualization and quality control of long-term environmental

Scott E. Chapal and Don Edwards

Spatial sampling to assess classification accuracy of remotely sensed data

Gretchen G. Moisen, Thomas C. Edwards, Jr and D. Richard Cutler

Metadata required to determine the fitness of spatial data for use in environmental analysis

Nicholas R. Chrisman

DATA SHARING ISSUES

Circumventing a dilemma: Historical approaches to data sharing in ecological research

John H. Porter and James T. Callahan

Sharing spatial environmental information across agencies, regions and scales: Issues and solutions

John Evans

Standards for integration of multisource and cross-media environmental data

Rodney L. Slagle

DATABASES FOR BROAD-SCALE RESEARCH

Alternative approaches for mapping vegetation quantities using ground and image data

Jennifer L. Dungan, David L. Peterson and Paul J. Curran

Global biosphere requirements for general circulation models

Bruce P. Hayden

Evaluation of soil database attributes in a terrestrial carbon cycle model: Implications for global change research

Christopher S. Potter, Pamela A. Matson and Peter M. Vitousek

Designing global land cover databases to maximize utility: The US prototype

Bradley C. Reed, Thomas E. Loveland, Louis T. Steyaert, Jesslyn F. Brown, James W. Merchant and Donald O. Ohlen

Global environmental characterization: Lessons from the NOAA-EPA Global Ecosystems Database Project

John J. Kineman and Donald L. Phillips

ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Integrating geographic information systems and environmental simulation models: A status review

Louis T. Steyaert and Michael F. Goodchild

Data management and simulation modelling

Thomas B. Kirchner

GIS and spatial analysis for ecological modelling

Richard J. Aspinall

Linking ecological simulation models to geographic information systems: An automated solution

Martha B. Coleman, Tamara L. Bearly, Ingrid C. Burke and William K. Lauenroth

Comparison of spatial analytic applications of GIS

David P. Lanter

NEW ANALYTICAL APPROACHES

GIS development to support regional simulation modelling of north-eastern (USA) forest ecosystems

Richard G. Lathrop, Jr., John D. Aber, John A. Bognar, Scott V. Ollinger, Stephane Casset and Jennifer M. Ellis

Remote sensing and GIS techniques for spatial and biophysical analyses of alpine treeline through process and empirical models

Daniel G. Brown, David M. Cairns, George P. Malanson, Stephen J. Walsh and David R. Butler

Using a GIS to model the effects of land use on carbon storage in the forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA

Warren B. Cohen, Phillip Sollins, Peter Homann, William K. Ferrell, Mark E. Harmon, David O. Wallin and Maria Fiorella

Coupling of process-based vegetation models to GIS and knowledge-based systems for analysis of vegetation change

David Miller

A knowledge-based approach to the management of geographic information systems for simulation of forested ecosystems

D. Scott Mackay, Vincent B. Robinson and Lawrence E. Band

Detecting fine-scale disturbance in forested ecosystems as measured by large-scale landscape patterns

G. A. Bradshaw and Steven L. Garman

Subject index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Michener, W K; Brunt, J W; Stafford, S G