1st Edition

Environmental Information Management And Analysis Ecosystem To Global Scales

Edited By W K Michener, J W Brunt, S G Stafford Copyright 1994

    Most environmental studies are based upon data collected at fine spatial scales plots, sediments, cores, etc.. Furthermore, temporal scales of these studies have been relatively short days, weeks, months and few studies have exceeded three years duration the typical funding cycle.; Despite this history, environmental scientists are now being called upon to extrapolate findings from "plot-level" studies to broader spatial scales and from short-term studies to longer temporal scales, up to decades for questions related to long-term processes such as global warming and the rise in sea level.; The complex questions being addressed internationally require that scientists take advantage of new technologies including remote sensing, geographic information systems GIS, and powerful climatic and environmental simulation models. As more environmental scientists begin to work at these broader spatial and temporal scales, and to utilize many of the newer technologies, they are recognising a whole new class of problems.; This book aims to address the most pertinent issues, and includes a comprehensive review of selected topics, case studies, and theoretical discussions, divided into seven sections each preceded by a brief introduction.

    List of figures

    List of tables




    Integration of scientific information management and environmental research

    Susan G. Stafford, James W. Brunt and William K. Michener

    Grand challenges in scaling up environmental research

    James H. Brown

    Sustainable Biosphere Initiative: Data management challenges

    James R. Gosz

    Multiple roles for GIS in global change research: Towards a research agenda

    Dennis E. Jelinski, Michael F. Goodchild and Louis T. Steyaert


    Scientific information systems: A conceptual framework

    Donald E. Strebel, Blanche W. Meeson and Alan K. Nelson

    Development and refinement of the Konza Prairie LTER Research Information Management Program

    John M. Briggs and Haiping Su

    Forest health monitoring case study

    Charles I. Liff, Kurt H. Riiters and Karl A. Hermann

    Bigfoot: An earth science computing environment for the Sequoia 2000 Project

    James Frew

    Representing spatial change in environmental databases

    John L. Pflatz and James C. French


    Automated smoothing techniques for visualization and quality control of long-term environmental

    Scott E. Chapal and Don Edwards

    Spatial sampling to assess classification accuracy of remotely sensed data

    Gretchen G. Moisen, Thomas C. Edwards, Jr and D. Richard Cutler

    Metadata required to determine the fitness of spatial data for use in environmental analysis

    Nicholas R. Chrisman


    Circumventing a dilemma: Historical approaches to data sharing in ecological research

    John H. Porter and James T. Callahan

    Sharing spatial environmental information across agencies, regions and scales: Issues and solutions

    John Evans

    Standards for integration of multisource and cross-media environmental data

    Rodney L. Slagle


    Alternative approaches for mapping vegetation quantities using ground and image data

    Jennifer L. Dungan, David L. Peterson and Paul J. Curran

    Global biosphere requirements for general circulation models

    Bruce P. Hayden

    Evaluation of soil database attributes in a terrestrial carbon cycle model: Implications for global change research

    Christopher S. Potter, Pamela A. Matson and Peter M. Vitousek

    Designing global land cover databases to maximize utility: The US prototype

    Bradley C. Reed, Thomas E. Loveland, Louis T. Steyaert, Jesslyn F. Brown, James W. Merchant and Donald O. Ohlen

    Global environmental characterization: Lessons from the NOAA-EPA Global Ecosystems Database Project

    John J. Kineman and Donald L. Phillips


    Integrating geographic information systems and environmental simulation models: A status review

    Louis T. Steyaert and Michael F. Goodchild

    Data management and simulation modelling

    Thomas B. Kirchner

    GIS and spatial analysis for ecological modelling

    Richard J. Aspinall

    Linking ecological simulation models to geographic information systems: An automated solution

    Martha B. Coleman, Tamara L. Bearly, Ingrid C. Burke and William K. Lauenroth

    Comparison of spatial analytic applications of GIS

    David P. Lanter


    GIS development to support regional simulation modelling of north-eastern (USA) forest ecosystems

    Richard G. Lathrop, Jr., John D. Aber, John A. Bognar, Scott V. Ollinger, Stephane Casset and Jennifer M. Ellis

    Remote sensing and GIS techniques for spatial and biophysical analyses of alpine treeline through process and empirical models

    Daniel G. Brown, David M. Cairns, George P. Malanson, Stephen J. Walsh and David R. Butler

    Using a GIS to model the effects of land use on carbon storage in the forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA

    Warren B. Cohen, Phillip Sollins, Peter Homann, William K. Ferrell, Mark E. Harmon, David O. Wallin and Maria Fiorella

    Coupling of process-based vegetation models to GIS and knowledge-based systems for analysis of vegetation change

    David Miller

    A knowledge-based approach to the management of geographic information systems for simulation of forested ecosystems

    D. Scott Mackay, Vincent B. Robinson and Lawrence E. Band

    Detecting fine-scale disturbance in forested ecosystems as measured by large-scale landscape patterns

    G. A. Bradshaw and Steven L. Garman

    Subject index


    Michener, W K; Brunt, J W; Stafford, S G