Environmental Justice Analysis: Theories, Methods, and Practice, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Environmental Justice Analysis

Theories, Methods, and Practice, 1st Edition

By Feng Liu

CRC Press

384 pages

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Paperback: 9781566704038
pub: 2000-09-21
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pub: 2017-07-27
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Is the environmental justice debate solely an economic issue? Is it a social issue as well as a moral, political, or science issue? In Environmental Justice Analysis: Theories, Methods, and Practice author Feng Liu suggests it is all of them. He presents a multi-perspective, multi-disciplinary, and inter-disciplinary approach to analyzing environmental justice issues.

Liu demonstrates how cutting-edge technologies and methods such as the Internet, Geographic Information Systems, and modeling tools can contribute to better equity analysis and policy evaluations. He focuses on the various methods of environmental justice research, providing you with an integrated framework for conducting rigorous equity analysis.

Environmental Justice has just been placed at the head of the environmental policy agenda. Federal governments have a mandate to analyze the impacts of federal policies, programs, and projects on groups and communities. Carefully and critically examining all aspects of the issue, Environmental Justice Analysis: Theories, Methods, and Practice provides you with a comprehensive and analytical treatment of theories and methods for analyzing and assessing environmental justice and equity issues.


"[The book] is an excellent and timely one. The major components in the overall organizational plan are excellent, i.e., the three major sections on theories, methods, and practice." -Robert B. Wenger, Professor Emeritus, Natural & Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay

"The topic is important and while much has been written about environmental justice, most of it is polemical in nature. Dr. Liu has always performed solid, credible work and I believe this [book] would be comparable."

-Roger Raufer, Adjunct Professor, Systems Engineering and City and Regional Planning Departments, University of Pennsylvania

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Table of Contents

Environmental Justice, Equity, and Policies

The Environmental Justice Movement

Environmental Justice Policies

Environmental Justice Analysis

The Debate on Terminology

Overview of the Book

Theories and Hypotheses

Theories of Justice and Equity

Economic and Location Theories

Theories of Risk

Theories of Neighborhood Change


Methodology and Analytical Framework for Environmental Justice and Equity Analysis

Inquiry and Environmental Justice Analysis

Methodological Issues in Environmental Justice Research

Integrated Analytical Framework

Measuring and Modeling Environmental and Human Impacts

Environmental and Human Impacts: Concepts and Processes

Modeling and Simulating Environmental Risks

Measuring and Modeling Economic Impacts

Measuring Environmental and Human Impacts for Environmental Justice Analysis

Critique and Response of a Risk-Based Approach to Environmental Justice and Equity Analysis


Quantifying and Projecting Population Distribution


Population Measurements: Who are Disadvantaged?

Population Distribution

Population Projection and Forecast


Defining Geographic Unit of Analysis

The Debate on Choice of Unit of Analysis

Census Geography: Concepts, Criteria, and Hierarchy

Census Geography as a Unit of Equity Analysis: Consistency, Comparability, and Availability

Census Geography as a Unit of Equity Analysis: Which One?

Alternative Units of Analysis


Analyzing Data with Statistical Methods

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

Correlation and Regression

Probability and Discrete Choice Models

Spatial Statistics

Applications of Statistical Methods in Environmental Justice Studies

Integrating, Analyzing, and Mapping Data with GIS

Spatial Measures and Concepts

Spatial Interpolation

GIS-Based Units of Analysis for Equity Analysis

Overlay and Suitability Analysis

GIS-Based Operationalization of Equity Criteria

Integrating GIS and Urban and Environmental Models

Modeling Urban Systems

Gravity Models, Spatial Interaction, and Entropy Maximization

Deterministic Utility, Random Utility, and Discrete Choice

Policy Evaluation Measures

Operational Models

Integrating Urban Models and Environmental Models for Environmental Justice Analysis

Equity Analysis of Air Pollution

Air Quality

Relationship Between Air Quality and Population Distribution: Theories, Methods, and Evidence

Spatial Interaction Modeling Approach to Testing Environmental Inequity

Equity Analysis of New National Ambient Air Quality Standards

Equity Analysis of Hazardous Waste Facilities, Superfund Sites, and Toxics Release Facilities

Equity Analysis of Hazardous Waste Facilities

Equity Analysis of CERCLIS and Superfund Sites

Equity Analysis of Toxics Release Facilities


Dynamics Analysis of Locally Unwanted Land Uses

Methodological Issues in Dynamics Analysis

Framework for Dynamics Analysis

Revisiting the Houston Case: Hypothesis Testing

Discussion of Alternative Hypothesis

Discussions and Conclusions

Equity Analysis of Transportation Systems, Projects, Plans, and Policies

Environmental Impacts of Transportation Systems

Incorporating Equity Analysis in the Transportation Planning Process

Transportation System Performance Measures

Equity Analysis of Mobility and Accessibility

Measuring Distributional Impacts on Property Values

Measuring Environmental Impacts

Equity Analysis of Transportation Policies

Environmental Justice of Transportation in Court


Trends and Conclusions

Internet-Based and Community-Based Tools

Trends and Conclusions



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Environmental