Environmental Life Cycle Costing: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Life Cycle Costing

1st Edition

By David Hunkeler, Kerstin Lichtenvort, Gerald Rebitzer

CRC Press

232 pages | 67 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2008-05-29
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Balances Scientific and Economic Points of View to Thoroughly Address Management Issues

Responding to the need for clarification and benchmarks, Environmental Life Cycle Costing provides the fundamental basis on which to establish a definitive methodology. Clearly defining environmental LCC, this book balances scientific and economic points of view and thoroughly addresses the management perspective.

Demonstrates the Process From Problem Definition to Analysis, to Presentation

The book focuses on environmental LCC but also analyzes conventional LCC and societal LCC, providing case studies for each. It presents the link between life cycle costing and life cycle assessment and then explores public, private, and societal options. The book also explains all components of the method using the cross-cutting example of a washing machine. It also provides categorizations that permit the method to be adapted or streamlined as a function of the time available to the practitioner. Case study boxes demonstrate the process for carrying out an LCC, from problem definition to analysis and ultimate presentation to the decision maker.

Experts Integrate Conventional Thinking with Emerging Ideas

Environmental LCC summarizes all costs associated with the life cycle of a product regardless of who bears those costs. It includes present and future money flows as well as those to be internalized in the decision relevant future. A collaboration of experts at the forefront of research, this book ties conventional thinking on life cycle costs into emerging theory and practice by including environmental and social cost analyses and linking LCC to the environmental and social pillars of sustainability.

Table of Contents

A Dialog, over Coffee, about Life Cycle Costing

Executive Summary

Three Categories of Life Cycle Costing

System Boundaries in Environmental Life Cycle Costing

Example Calculations in Environmental Life Cycle Costing

History of Life Cycle Costing, Its Categorization, and Its Basic Framework, K. Lichtenvort, G. Rebitzer, G. Huppes, A. Ciroth, S. Seuring, W.P. Schmidt, E. Günther, H. Hoppe, T. Swarr, and D. Hunkeler

History and Development of Conventional LCC

Types of LCC

Two Key Limitations of LCC to Be Tackled by Environmental LCC

The Requirement and General Framework for Environmental Life Cycle Costing

Modelling for Life Cycle Costing, G. Huppes, A. Ciroth, K. Lichtenvort, G. Rebitzer, W.-P. Schmidt, and S. Seuring


Cost Models

Cost Categories

Cost Bearers

Uncertainties and Inconsistencies in Cost Data

Cost Aggregation

Environmental LCC, G. Rebitzer and S. Nakamura

Objectives of Environmental LCC

System Boundaries and Scope

Calculating Life Cycle Costs based on the Process LCI of LCA

Environmental LCC in Relationto Conventional and Societal LCC

Calculating Life Cycle Costs Based on Hybrid LCA

Integrating External Effects into LCC, B. Steen, H. Hoppe, D. Hunkeler, K. Lichtenvort, W.-P. Schmidt, and E. Spindler


Definition, Identification, and Categorization of Externalities


Internalizing Externalities

LCC in Life Cycle Management, T. Swarr and D. Hunkeler

Corporate Perspective

Integrating LCC into Management

Continuous Product Improvement

A Survey of Current LCC Studies, A. Ciroth, K. Verghese, and C. Trescher


Relation of This Chapter to the Other Chapters

Parameters and Settings of LCC Studies in Practice

Sampling Procedure of Studies for the Survey

Summary of Results

Outlook: Toward an LCC Case Study Library

Analysis of the Survey’s Results

Conclusions and Questions

Life Cycle Costing Case Studies, A. Ciroth, C.-O. Gensch, E. Günther, H. Hoppe, D. Hunkeler, G. Huppes, K. Lichtenvort, K. Ludvig, B. Notarnicola, A. Pelzeter, M.Prox, G. Rebitzer, I. Rüdenauer, and K. Verghese


Organic versus Conventional Extra-Virgin Olive Oil

Waste Water Treatment

Light Bulb: Comparison of Energy-Saving and Incandescent Lamps

Double-Deck Carriage Floor (BAHNKREIS Project)

Washing Machine

Hypothetical Case: A High-Capacity Glass Cable Network for Data Transmission

Passenger Car

Life Cycle Costs of Real Estate


Three Types of Life Cycle Costing

Temporal Aspects and Discounting of LCC Results

Learnings from Applied LCC Carried Out to Date

State of the Art and Rules of Thumb in Carrying Out Life Cycle Costing

Role of Environmental Life Cycle Costing in Sustainability Assessment, W. Klöpffer




Appendix to Case Study Boxes

Appendix to Chapter 4: Social Impacts

Appendix to Chapter 6: Survey Form




Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Environmental
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Ecology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General