1st Edition

Environmental Management of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)





ISBN 9780367453053
Published December 2, 2019 by CRC Press
494 Pages 79 B/W Illustrations

USD $69.95

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Book Description

Clean and environmentally sound disposal of animal waste in the quantities that Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) produce can only be described as a challenge. Designed to provide practical information, Environmental Management of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) covers the concepts and practices involved in the operation and maintenance of CAFOs, paying particular attention to regulatory requirements and compliance and Best Available Technology (BAT) practices.

Presenting an overview of federal, state, and local regulations and discussing US Department of Agriculture's CNMP, the book includes information and data that can be used for planning and designing waste management systems and system components as well as for selecting waste handling equipment. The authors describe the various types of manure/wastewater storage and handling systems and, using data derived from the NRCS/USDA, focus on the costs involved in the operational needs of these systems. They describe soil agricultural waste interactions and those soil properties and characteristics that affect soil sustainability and limitations for a farmstead. They also discuss the pollutants associated with livestock and poultry operations, the pathways by which the pollutants reach surface water, and their impacts on the environment and human health.

Pulling information from a wide range of sources, the book's coverage moves from regulations to social and ethical issues, and on to specific technologies for a particular species. This comprehensive resource is tailored to the information needs of the practicing agronomist, rural community authorities, and other personnel involved in animal feeding operations.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Setting the Stage
Water Supply, Use, and Wastewater Treatment
Animal Feeding Operations and Animal Waste Treatment
"Get Big or Get Out "
CAFOs: Current Trend
Definitions of Key terms
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

CAFO REGULATIONS & CNMPS
Introduction
Federal Regulations: Clean Water Act
State Regulations
Local Regulations and the Public's Role
CNMPs
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

MANURE CHARACTERISTICS
Introduction
Livestock Waste Characterization Variables
Manure Characteristics
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

MANURE STORAGE
Introduction
Types of Manure Storage and Handling Systems
Manure Handling and Storage Costs
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

AFO/CAFO SITING: PHYSICAL FACTORS
Introduction
Role of Soils in Manure Management
Role of Plants in Animal Waste Management
Geologic and Groundwater Considerations (NRCS/USDA, 1999)
Siting Animal Waste Management Systems
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

ANIMAL WASTE POLLUTANTS
Introduction
Animal Waste Pollutants of Concern
Manure Pollutants: Surface Water Contamination
Potential Hazards From CAFO Pollutants
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

ANIMAL WASTE AND AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS
Introduction
Air Emissions From Feedlot Operations
Emissions From Land Application
Emissions From Virtual Farms
Emission Control Methods
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

BEEF CATTLE FEEDING OPERATIONS
Introduction
Size and Location of Industry
Beef Production Cycles
Feeding Practices
Manure Management Practices
Beef Virtual Farms
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

DAIRY OPERATIONS
Introduction
Size and Location of Industry
Production Cycles
Confinement Practices
Feeding Practices
Manure Management Practices
Dairy and Veal Virtual Farms
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

SWINE FEEDING OPERATIONS
Introduction
Size and Location of Swine Industry
Swine Production Cycles
Swine Confinement Practices
Swine Manure Management Practices
Swine Virtual Farms
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

POULTRY FEEDING OPERATIONS
Introduction
Broilers
Laying Hens
Turkeys
Poultry Virtual Model Farms
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References

CAFO COMPONENT DESIGN
Introduction (USDA, 1996)
Production
Collection
Storage
Treatment
Transfer
Utilization
Ancillary Components
Safety
Summary
Chapter Review Questions
Thought-Provoking Questions
References/ Recommended Reading

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Author(s)

Biography

Spellman\, Frank R.; Whiting\, Nancy E.