Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) is one of the most holistic approaches to protecting marine and coastal ecosystems as it recognizes the need to protect entire marine ecosystems instead of individual species. After decades of pollution, habitat degradation and overfishing, now climate change and ocean acidification threaten the health of the ocean in unprecedented way. Environmental Management of Marine Ecosystems illustrates the current status, trends, and effects of climate, natural disturbances and anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems. It demonstrates how to integrate different management tools and models in an up-to-date, multidisciplinary approach to environmental management.
This indispensable guide provides several case studies from around the world and creates a framework for identifying management tools and their applications in coral reefs, fisheries, migratory species, marine islands and associated ecosystems such as mangroves and sea grass beds. It discusses the physical and chemical compositions of marine ecosystems along with the threats and actions needed to protect them. The application of model framework to several contemporary management issues include the modelling of harmful algal bloom dynamics, understanding the dispersal of sea lice, and the possible impacts on intertidal communities of the provision of novel offshore habitat.
The results of extensive research by an international team of contributors, the Environmental Management of Marine Ecosystems is designed to inform scientists, practitioners, academics, government and non-government policymakers on the particularities of marine ecosystems and assist them in understanding the EBM approaches in means of mitigation and adaptation of human activities that result in sustainability. These practices will help change the current methodologies used for resource assessment and the future regulations of marine resources.
Table of Contents
Integrated Coastal Zone Monitoring in Support of Ecosystem-Based Management of Marine Ecosystem Services. Inclusive Impact Index ‘Triple I’. Biophysical Modelling of Marine Organisms: Fundamentals and Applications to Management of Coastal Waters. Oceanic and Fisheries Response in the Northwest Pacific Marginal Seas with Climate Variability. Environmental Effects and Management of Oil Spills on Marine Ecosystems. Modeling for Management of Marine Ecosystem Around an Artificial Structure in a Semiclosed Bay. The Economics of Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management. Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems in Vietnam. Management Strategies of St. Martin’s Coral Island at Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh. Habitat Complexity of Tropical Coastal Ecosystems: An Ecosystem Management Perspective. Biomonitoring Ecosystem Health: Current State of Malaysian Coastal Waters. Conservation and Management of Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) in Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, India. Management Challenges of Sinking of Oil Tanker at Shela Coastal River in Sundarbans Mangroves in Bangladesh.
Sven Erik Jørgensen is professor in environmental chemistry at the University of Copenhagen. He has received a master of science in chemical engineering from the Danish Technical University (1958), a doctor of environmental engineering (Karlsruhe University) and a doctor of science in ecological modelling (Copenhagen University). He is honourable doctor at Coimbra University, Portugal and at Dar es Salaam University (Tanzania). He has received the Einstein Professorship of the Chinese