1st Edition

Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction

Edited By Mats Nilsson, Jörgen Bengtsson, Ronny Klaeboe Copyright 2015
    308 Pages
    by CRC Press

    306 Pages 87 Color & 97 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Presents Evidence-Based Guidance on Noise Abatement Methods

    Solutions for reducing the noise impact of road and rail traffic can be found in the use of natural elements in combination with artificial elements in urban and rural environments. Ground and road surface treatments; trees, forests, and tall vegetation; and the greening of buildings and other surfaces can contribute to powerful and cost-effective noise reduction. Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction presents the main findings of the Holistic and Sustainable Abatement of Noise by optimized combinations of Natural and Artificial means (HOSANNA) research project. This project involved experts from seven countries, and assessed noise reduction in terms of sound level reductions, perceptual effects, and cost–benefit analysis. It considered a number of green abatement strategies, and aimed to develop a toolbox for reducing road and rail traffic noise in outdoor environments.

    Combines Theory with Practice

    Broad in both theory and application and based on leading-edge research, the book brings together the findings and their practical use. It details assessment methods for perceived noise, and outlines noise prediction methods that can be integrated with noise mapping software. It also explores the economic benefits and positive effects on urban air quality and CO2 levels.

    The material is this book:

    • Includes up-to-date results on noise mitigation using vegetation and ground treatments

    • Contains relevant results on innovative noise barrier designs

    • Presents data on acoustic performance of vegetation and soil substratum

    • Provides perceptual and cost–benefit analyses of noise mitigation methods

    Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction is a helpful guide for

    Introduction to traffic noise abatement. Innovative barriers. Acoustic performance of vegetation and soil substratum in an urban context. Acoustical characteristics of trees, shrubs, and hedges. Designing vegetation and tree belts along roads. Noise reduction using surface roughness. Porous ground, crops, and buried resonators. Vegetation in urban streets, squares, and courtyards. Perceptual effects of noise mitigation. Economic analyses of surface treatments, tree belts, green façades, barriers, and roofs.


    Mats Nilsson is professor in psychology at Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.

    Jörgen Bengtsson is senior health inspector at Stockholm City’s Environment and Health Administration, Sweden.

    Ronny Klæboe is associate professor and chief research officer at the Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.

    "… covers an interesting and topical area… nicely produced and forms a permanent record of the outcomes of an interesting project which will surely be useful as a basis for further research and for application of these techniques in practice."
    —Journal of Sound and Vibration, 2015

    "Highway noise, for the most part, at least in North America, is abated with highway barriers. These barriers…are meant to reduce noise to residents or to "quiet areas" that are on the opposite side of the roadway. …This book takes an alternate approach, one using environmental methods to reduce noise. … Environmental Methods basically presents the finding of the research project, "Holistic and Sustainable Abatement of Noise by optimized combinations of Natural and Artificial Means", referred to as "HOSANNA". …The book is written so laypersons and experts can read and understand the concepts… It is highly recommended to any acoustical engineer, highway planner, community groups or others who care about mitigation of vehicle noise."
    —Noise Control Engineering Journal, January-February 2015

    "… describes the results of research into new and novel noise mitigation solutions in an accessible form which will allow designers and policy makers to readily understand the benefits and encourage the use of these methods. The authors have avoided presenting the underlying academic detail and the reader is given the results as simple dB reductions. The authors also describe the limitations of methods where they exist and thus provide the tools for informed decision making on future noise mitigation policy."
    —Colin English, Chartered acoustic engineer and author

    "... is the book worth reading? The answer is definitely yes. The book gives lots of useful theoretical, computational and practical information and, I think, because of the wide spectrum of its content everybody can find something suited to his or her special interest."
    —Béla Buna