Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction

1st Edition

Edited by Mats Nilsson, Jörgen Bengtsson, Ronny Klaeboe

CRC Press

306 pages | 87 Color Illus. | 97 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-11-20
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Presents Evidence-Based Guidance on Noise Abatement Methods

Solutions for reducing the noise impact of road and rail traffic can be found in the use of natural elements in combination with artificial elements in urban and rural environments. Ground and road surface treatments; trees, forests, and tall vegetation; and the greening of buildings and other surfaces can contribute to powerful and cost-effective noise reduction. Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction presents the main findings of the Holistic and Sustainable Abatement of Noise by optimized combinations of Natural and Artificial means (HOSANNA) research project. This project involved experts from seven countries, and assessed noise reduction in terms of sound level reductions, perceptual effects, and cost–benefit analysis. It considered a number of green abatement strategies, and aimed to develop a toolbox for reducing road and rail traffic noise in outdoor environments.

Combines Theory with Practice

Broad in both theory and application and based on leading-edge research, the book brings together the findings and their practical use. It details assessment methods for perceived noise, and outlines noise prediction methods that can be integrated with noise mapping software. It also explores the economic benefits and positive effects on urban air quality and CO2 levels.

The material is this book:

  • Includes up-to-date results on noise mitigation using vegetation and ground treatments
  • Contains relevant results on innovative noise barrier designs
  • Presents data on acoustic performance of vegetation and soil substratum
  • Provides perceptual and cost–benefit analyses of noise mitigation methods

Environmental Methods for Transport Noise Reduction is a helpful guide for noise consultants, city planners, architects, landscape architects, and researchers.


"… covers an interesting and topical area… nicely produced and forms a permanent record of the outcomes of an interesting project which will surely be useful as a basis for further research and for application of these techniques in practice."

—Journal of Sound and Vibration, 2015

"Highway noise, for the most part, at least in North America, is abated with highway barriers. These barriers…are meant to reduce noise to residents or to "quiet areas" that are on the opposite side of the roadway. …This book takes an alternate approach, one using environmental methods to reduce noise. … Environmental Methods basically presents the finding of the research project, "Holistic and Sustainable Abatement of Noise by optimized combinations of Natural and Artificial Means", referred to as "HOSANNA". …The book is written so laypersons and experts can read and understand the concepts… It is highly recommended to any acoustical engineer, highway planner, community groups or others who care about mitigation of vehicle noise."

—Noise Control Engineering Journal, January-February 2015

"… describes the results of research into new and novel noise mitigation solutions in an accessible form which will allow designers and policy makers to readily understand the benefits and encourage the use of these methods. The authors have avoided presenting the underlying academic detail and the reader is given the results as simple dB reductions. The authors also describe the limitations of methods where they exist and thus provide the tools for informed decision making on future noise mitigation policy."

—Colin English, Chartered acoustic engineer and author

"… is the book worth reading? The answer is definitely yes. The book gives lots of useful theoretical, computational and practical information and, I think, because of the wide spectrum of its content everybody can find something suited to his or her special interest."

—Béla Buna PhD, FIoA, (Acoustic Committee Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) FRAMA01dBH Ltd, Budapest

"The book is not intended for people who do not have basic knowledge in the field of acoustics, but to those who already have experience with protection from the traffic noise and want to expand that knowledge."

— Hrvoje Domitrovic, European Acoustics Association Newsletter

Table of Contents

Introduction to traffic noise abatement; Jens Forssén, Wolfgang Kropp, and Tor Kihlman


Principles of Noise Reduction

Concluding Remarks


Innovative barriers; Jérôme Defrance, Philippe Jean, Faouzi Koussa, Timothy Van Renterghem, Jian Kang, and Yuliya Smyrnova


Urban Streets





Acoustic performance of vegetation and soil substratum in an urban context; Kirill Horoshenkov, Amir Khan, Haidj Benkreira, Agnes Mandon, René Rohr


Experimental Setup and Measurement Procedures

Effect of Moisture on Soil Absorption

Modelling of the Acoustical Properties of Soils

Low Growing Plants

Modelling of the Acoustical Properties of Plants

Absorption of Soil in the Presence of a Plant

Modelling the Random Incidence Absorption

Coefficient of Soil with and without Plants



Acoustical characteristics of trees, shrubs, and hedges; Timothy Van Renterghem, Dick Botteldooren, Jian Kang, Kirill Horoshenkov, and Hong-Seok Yang


Absorption by Leaves

Reflection and Diffraction by Vegetation

Scattering by Vegetation


Designing vegetation and tree belts along roads; Timothy Van Renterghem, Keith Attenborough, and Philippe Jean


Designing Vegetation Belts Near Roads

Improving Microclimatology by Vegetation


Noise reduction using surface roughness; Keith Attenborough, Imran Bashir, Toby J. Hill, Shahram Taherzadeh, Jérôme Defrance, and Philippe Jean

Ground Effect and Its Modification by Roughness

Laboratory Data

Field Data from Brick Configurations

Predicted Effects of Roughness on Road Traffic Noise

Predicted Effects of Roughness Configurations around Railways

Predicted Effects of Surface Roughness on the Acoustical Performance of Berms

Meteorological Effects on Roughness-Based Noise Reduction



Porous ground, crops, and buried resonators; Keith Attenborough, Shahram Taherzadeh, Imran Bashir, Jens Forssén, Bart Van der Aa, and Manuel Männel

Porous Ground and Crops

Predicted Effects of Ground Treatments around Railways

Road Traffic Noise Reduction Using Buried Resonators



Vegetation in urban streets, squares, and courtyards; Jian Kang, Maarten Hornikx, Timothy Van Renterghem,Yuliya Smyrnova, Jens Forssén, Chris Cheal, Dick Botteldooren, Hong-Seok Yang, Jin Yong Jeon, Hyung Suk Jang,

Shahram Taherzadeh, Keith Attenborough, and Agnes Mandon

Acoustic Potential of Green Roof and Green

Wall Systems in the Urban Context

Studied Cases

Traffic Model and Prediction Approaches

Effect of Vegetation



Perceptual effects of noise mitigation; Mats E. Nilsson, Dick Botteldooren, Jin Yong Jeon, Maria Rådsten-Ekman, Bert De Coensel, Joo Young Hong, Julien Maillard, and Bruno Vincent


Noise: Psychoacoustics of Noise Mitigation

Soundscape: Wanted and Unwanted Sounds in Interactions

Environment: Audio-Visual Interactions

Concluding Remarks


Economic analyses of surface treatments, tree belts, green façades, barriers, and roofs; Ronny Klæboe and Knut Veisten


Economic Analyses of Green Roofs and Roof Barriers

Economic Analyses of Vegetated Façades

Economic Analyses of Surface Treatments

Economic Analyses of Low, Vegetated Barriers

Economic Analyses of Source + Propagation Measures

Economic Analyses of Tree Belts

Economic Analyses: Simplified Version

Charting the Unknown: Aesthetic Appreciation

Concluding Remarks

About the Editors

Mats Nilsson is professor in psychology at Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.

Jörgen Bengtsson is senior health inspector at Stockholm City’s Environment and Health Administration, Sweden.

Ronny Klæboe is associate professor and chief research officer at the Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General