1st Edition

Environmental Pollution Impact on Plants Survival Strategies under Challenging Conditions

Edited By Tariq Aftab, Khalid Rehman Hakeem Copyright 2023
    294 Pages 12 Color & 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    294 Pages 12 Color & 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    This new volume studies the impact and management of environmental pollution on plants, often resulting in plant abiotic stress physiology, which causes reduction in growth due to alterations in biochemical and physiological processes, thus threatening food security, the ecosystem, and the plants themselves. This volume details the harm to plants caused primarily by heavy metal contamination in soils, by pesticides use, and by air pollution and presents several mitigation strategies as well.

    Soils contaminated with heavy metals is a major challenge worldwide due to increase in anthropogenic and geologic activities. Despite the effectiveness of pesticides in preventing pest invasions and yield decline, pesticides and other air pollutants cause biochemical changes that can instigate leaf damage, stomatal impairment, early senescence, decrease in photosynthetic efficiency, interruption of membrane perviousness, and decrease of growth and yield in sensitive plant types.

    Chapters in this volume address these issues. Topics include the antioxidant, photosynthesis, and growth characteristics of plants grown in polluted soils; the benefits and hazards of pesticides; microbe-assisted bioremediation and biotechnological advances for plant pollution control; genetically modified plants and their potential resistance to environmental pollution; and more.

    1. Effect of Heavy Metal Polluted Soil on Physiology and Biochemistry of Plants

    Muhammad Ashar Ayub, Muhammad Zia Ur Rehman, Muhammad Zohaib Aslam, Wajid Umar, Muhammad Adnan, and Hamaad Raza Ahmad

    2. Pesticides and Their Impacts: Benefits and Hazards

    Lubna Najam and Tanveer Alam

    3. Antioxidant, Photosynthesis, and Growth Characteristics of Plants Grown in Polluted Soils

    Parneet Kaur, Ruchira Ghosh, Zoya Shaikh, Priti Sohal, Saurabh Kulshreshtha, Jessica Pandohee, and Ahmad Ali

    4. Impact of Pesticides Use in Agriculture

    Yusuf Opeyemi Oyebamiji, Ismail Abiola Adebayo, Mohd Nazri Ismail, Noraziyah Abd Aziz Shamsuddin, Noor Zafirah Ismail, and Hasni Arsad

    5. Effect of Environmental Pollution on the Generation of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species in Plant Tissues

    Summia Rehman, Subzar Ahmad Nanda, Shazia Qurat Ul Aien, Ishfaq Ul Rehman, and Tajamul Islam

    6. Plants and Microbe-Assisted Bioremediation of Heavy Metals Polluted Environments

    Uzma Azeem, Gurpaul Singh Dhingra, and Richa Shri

    7. Bioinformatical and Biotechnological Advances for Bioremediation and Plant Pollution Control

    Kayenat Sheikh, Dr. Khalid Raza, and Syed Saleemullah

    8. Ceratophyllum demersum (L.): An Aquatic Macrophyte for Phytoremediation

    Muhammad Aasim, Ozlem Akgur, and Zemran Mustafa

    9. Genetically Modified Plants (GMPs) and Their Potential in Protection, Constraints, Prospects, Challenges, and Opportunities against Environmental Pollution

    Wajiha Anum, Umair Riaz, Liaquat Ali, Lal Hussain Akhter, Rana Imtiaz Ahmed, Abid Ali, and Asad-Ur-Rahman

    10. Detoxification of Sewage Sludge by Natural Attenuation and Application as a Fertilizers

    Taqi Raza, Iftikhar Ali, Nawab Khan, Neal Samuel Eash, Muhammad Farhan Qadir, and Hanuman Singh Jatav


    Tariq Aftab, PhD, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany at Aligarh Muslim University, India, where he earned his PhD. He is the recipient of several prestigious fellowships. He was a Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, and Postdoctoral Fellow at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India. Dr. Aftab was also a Visiting Scientist at the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, Germany, and at the Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, USA. He has edited 14 books, coauthored several book chapters, and published over 65 research papers.

    Khalid Rehman Hakeem, PhD, is Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He is formerly a lecturer at the university of Kashmir, Srinagar, India, and at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. Dr. Hakeem has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience in plant eco-physiology, biotechnology and molecular biology, medicinal plant research, plant-microbe-soil interactions, as well as in environmental studies. He was a visiting scientist at Jinan University, Guangzhou, China. To date, Dr. Hakeem has authored and edited more than 70 books, over 180 research publications, and 65 book chapters in edited volumes. At present, Dr. Hakeem serves as an editorial board member and reviewer for several high-impact international scientific journals.