Environmental Security in the Arctic Ocean: Promoting Co-operation and Preventing Conflict, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Environmental Security in the Arctic Ocean

Promoting Co-operation and Preventing Conflict, 1st Edition

By Paul Arthur Berkman


160 pages

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Paperback: 9780855161538
pub: 2012-02-01
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203096260
pub: 2012-09-10
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The North Pole is being transformed from a sea-ice cap to a seasonally ice-free sea within the next few decades. This fundamental shift in the boundary conditions of the Arctic Ocean will create a new natural system with different dynamics than anything previously experienced by humans in the region. With the diminishing ice cover, interests are awakening globally to take advantage of extensive energy, shipping, fishing and tourism prospects in the Arctic Ocean. A range of states, including the major Arctic powers, are increasingly asserting their sovereignty seawards. National security policies are being declared and nuclear-capable states are adjusting their strategic deployments in the Arctic Ocean.

There are forums for international cooperation in the Arctic, most notably the Arctic Council, but peace in the Arctic Ocean has yet to be explicitly established as a common interest because of the long-standing military presence. Risks of political, economic and cultural instabilities are inherent consequences.

This volume proposes environmental security as providing a holistic framework to assess these security risks and then identify the appropriate adaptation and mitigation responses. Only after shared risk assessment and understanding of the appropriate responses, will there be sufficient clarity about the governance paths to pursue within the international legal framework of the law of the sea.

Table of Contents

Foreword Admiral James Stavridis 1. Environmental Security in the Arctic Ocean: Fostering Co-operation and Preventing Conflict 2. The Arctic Ocean 3. Beyond National Boundaries 4. Matters of Security 5. Arctic Ocean Stewardship 6. Global Statesmanship

About the Author

Paul Arthur Berkman is Head of the Arctic Ocean Geopolitics Programme at the Scott Polar Research Institute at the University of Cambridge and a Research Professor at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is an oceanographer working on interdisciplinary connections between science, policy and information technology to promote cooperation and prevent conflict in the Arctic Ocean, Antarctica and regions beyond sovereign jurisdictions more generally.

About the Series

Whitehall Papers

The Whitehall Paper series provides in-depth studies of specific developments, issues or themes in the field of national and international defence and security. Published twice a year, Whitehall Papers reflect the highest standards of original research and analysis, and are invaluable background material for policy-makers and specialists alike.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Military / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Economic Conditions