On December 12th, 2015, at the United Nations Conference on Climate Change held in Paris, 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal and legally binding climate deal. They agreed to decarbonize the economy in order to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2ºC relative to the preindustrial levels. Although each country is free to design its own strategy on mitigation and adaptation, it will be bound to such strategy and is supposed to implement the bulk of the adjustments by 2050.
Many questions arise from the Paris Agreement that points to a second Industrial Revolution. What are the required changes in the structure of production and in the patterns of consumption? What will be their impacts on emissions, employment and international trade? This book answers these questions from a variety of input-output models able to compute the impacts on specific sectors and regions. This volume has 17 chapters written by 52 co-authors who are specialists in input-output analysis and environmental sustainability. They come from 24 universities, research centers and international agencies all over the world, sharing their commitments to explain important and complex ideas in a way that is understandable to the non-experts and experts alike.
Environmental and Economic Impacts of Decarbonization is a very important read for those who study environmental economics, climate change and ecological economics.
Óscar Dejuán, María-Ángeles Cadarso and Manfred Lenzen
Part I. Electricity generation. Towards a cleaner mix
Decarbonizing electricity generation in the EU. Its impact on emissions and employment all over the world
Óscar Dejuán, Jorge Zafrilla, María-Ángeles Tobarra, Fabio Monsalve and Carmen Córcoles
Indirect emissions and socio-economic impacts on energy efficiency. Improvements and renewable electricity in Europe
Global renewable energy diffusion in an input-output framework
Kirsten S. Wiebe
Potentials to decarbonize electricity consumption in Australia
Paul Wolfram and Thomas Wiedmann
Part II. Household consumption and social well-being
Global income inequality and carbon footprints: can we have the cake and eat it too?
Klaus Hubacek, Giovanni Baiocchi, Kuishuang Feng, Raúl Muñoz-Castillo, Laixiang Sun and Jinjun Xue
The potential contribution of solar thermal electricity (STE) in Mexico in the light of the Paris Agreements
Irene Rodríguez-Serrano and Natalia Caldés
Peak carbon emission in China: a household energy use perspective
Haiyan Zhang and Michael L. Lahr
The road to Paris with energy-efficiency strategies and GHG emissions-reduction targets: the case of Spain
Rosa Duarte, Julio Sánchez-Chóliz and Cristina Sarasa
Part III. Key drivers in carbon emissions and improvements in energy efficiency
Global drivers of change in GHG emissions from a consumption perspective. Carbon footprint accounting in a post-Paris world
Soeren Lindner, José-Manuel Rueda-Cantuche and Richard Wood
South America’s global value chains and CO2 emissions embodied in trade, an input-output approach
José Durán-Lima and Santacruz Banacloche