Environmental and Human Safety of Major Surfactants: Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Environmental and Human Safety of Major Surfactants

Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates, 1st Edition

By Sylvia S. Talmage

CRC Press

400 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781566700177
pub: 1994-09-09
$275.00
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Description

The book summarizes and reviews the environmental and human safety of two classes of nonionic surfactants-alcohol ethoxylates (AE) and alkylphenol ethoxylates (APE). This unique resource contains critical data from published sources as well as from unpublished studies submitted by Soap and Detergent Association member companies. It reviews information on product chemistry and analysis, biodegradation, environmental levels (including fate and distribution), aquatic toxicity, and human safety. Recently developed analytical techniques for the extraction, separation, detection, and measurement of nonionic surfactants and their metabolites in environmental samples are described.

Results of biodegradation studies performed with a variety of test systems are tabulated, as are results of field studies at wastewater treatment plants. Reported comparisons of environmental levels with results of acute and chronic aquatic toxicity tests are provided. The information on the toxicity and irritation potential of AE and APE surfactants includes data from in vitro, mammalian, and human studies.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Background

Chemistry and Manufacture

Product CAS Identification

References

Environmental Levels

Analytical Methods

Water Quality Standards

Nonionic Surfactants in Natural Bodies of Water

References

Biodegradation

Laboratory Investigations

Field Studies

Effect of Chemical Structure

Effect of Environmental Variables

Metabolic Pathways of Biodegradation

References

Environmental Toxicology

Aquatic Toxicity

Effects on Microorganisms

Effects on Higher Plants

Mode of Action

References

Human Safety

Animal Studies

Human Studies

References

Appendix

References

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety