This is the first comprehensive exploration of why human security is relevant to the Arctic and what achieving it can mean, covering the areas of health of the environment, identity of peoples, supply of traditional foods, community health, economic opportunities, and political stability. The traditional definition of security has already been actively employed in the Arctic region for decades, particularly in relation to natural resource sovereignty issues, but how and why should the human aspect be introduced? What can this region teach us about human security in the wider world?
The book reviews the potential threats to security, putting them in an analytical framework and indicating a clear path for solutions.Contributions come from natural, social and humanities scientists, hailing from Canada, Russia, Finland and Norway.
Environmental Change and Human Security in the Arctic is an essential resource for policy-makers, community groups, researchers and students working in the field of human security, particularly for those in the Arctic regions.
Table of Contents
Foreword: Remarks by former Canadian Ambassador to Norway, Shirley Wolff Serafini at the Human Security in the Arctic Seminar (May 2004)
1 Introduction: can we broaden our understanding of security in the Arctic?
GUNHILD HOOGENSEN GJØRV AND MARINA GOLOVIZNINA
PART I Differing conceptions of security in the Arctic
2 Cold War legacies in Russia’s Svalbard policy
KRISTIAN ÅTLAND AND TORBJØRN PEDERSEN
3 A new northern security: environmental degradation and risks, climate change, energy security, trans-nationalism and flows of globalization and governance
4 Virtuous imperialism or a shared global objective? The relevance of human security in the global North
GUNHILD HOOGENSEN GJØRV
PART II Environmental security
5 The sustainability transition: governing coupled human/ natural systems
ORAN R. YOUNG
6 Arctic environmental security and abrupt climate change
CHAD MICHAEL BRIGGS
7 Climate change impacts, adaptation, and the technology interface
8 Bridging the GAPS between ecology and human security
DAWN R. BAZELY, JULIA CHRISTENSEN, ANDREW J. TANENTZAP AND GUNHILD HOOGENSEN GJØRV
PART III Health security
9 Telemedicine as a tool for improving human security
10 Health and human security: communicable diseases in the post-Soviet Arctic
LARS ROWE, ELANA WILSON ROWE AND GEIR HØNNELAND
PART IV Human security: women and indigenous groups
11 Aboriginal self-determination and resource development activity: improving human security in the Canadian Arctic?
12 Women’s participation in decision making: human security in the Canadian Arctic
STEPHANIE IRLBACHER-FOX, JACKIE PRICE AND ELANA WILSON ROWE
13 Human security and women’s security reality in Northwest Russia
14 The political exclusion and commodification of women
15 Conclusion: revisiting Arctic security
MARINA GOLOVIZNINA AND GUNHILD HOOGENSEN GJØRV
Gunhild Hoogensen is Associate Professor in International Relations at the University of Tromsø , Norway.
Dawn Bazely is Professor of Biology at York University, Toronto and is Director of IRIS, the university's Institute for Research and Innovation in Sustainability (2006-11, 2012-13). Trained in the ecological field of plant-animal interactions, at the universities of Toronto and Oxford, she has carried out extensive field research in grasslands and forests, from temperate to arctic regions. She led the Canadian section of the International Polar Year project, GAPS, Gas, Arctic Peoples and Security, and recently spent her sabbatical as a Charles Bullard Fellow at Harvard Forest, Harvard University.
Marina Goloviznina is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Tromsø in the Department of Sociology, Political Science and Community Planning.
Andrew Tanentzap is Banting Fellow at York University in the Department of Biology.
"Environmental and human security in the Arctic opens up and presents many timely and important issues that solidify the non-military approach to security". - Nikolas Sellheim, University of Lapland, Finland