Epidural Anaesthesia: Images, Problems and Solutions brings together the most comprehensive collection of post-block epidurograms in the world into a single volume. With accompanying X-rays and contrast injection images, it clearly explains why an epidural block has failed and provides practical advice on how to avoid complications in the future.Ke
Acknowledgements. Introduction: Why investigate atypical epidural blocks? The technique of epidurography. The typical epidurogram. Complicated epidural blocks. The subdural and intradural spaces. Failed epidural blocks and misplaced catheters. Failed epidural blocks due to an obstructive septum. Spinal deformity and epidural block. An assessment of epidural catheters: the role of epidurograms. Conclusions.