1st Edition

Ergonomics
Foundational Principles, Applications, and Technologies



ISBN 9781439804452
Published December 13, 2011 by CRC Press
356 Pages 58 B/W Illustrations

USD $105.00

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Book Description

A complete introduction to the field, Ergonomics: Foundational Principles, Applications and Technologies discusses scientific principles, research, applications, and emerging trends in technology. Covering the foundational principles and major topics in physical ergonomics, the book contains the necessary components of a quality ergonomics course, including a sample course syllabus, PowerPoint slides for instructors and students, homework assignments, class projects, instructor’s manual, suggested lab equipment, proposed lab exercises, and a student laboratory manual.

Based on the author’s almost two decades of teaching, the text covers basic ergonomic principles from research and application perspectives. It includes hands-on laboratory activities to complement classroom instruction and cases studies that demonstrate application of ergonomic knowledge. Using an approach that highlights the physical over the cognitive, the author focuses less on kinesiology principles and more on applied kinesiology in ergonomics.

  • Provides a basic explanation of the systems of the body to establish a foundation for understanding and consistently applying ergonomic principles
  • Covers the human senses and the sensory process for each, including tools and techniques for assessing sensory impact
  • Explains the functionality, relationship, and elements of the integrated roles of the muscular system and nervous system
  • Introduces the study of anthropometrics and the principles that can be used to support anthropometric design, including data collection, calculation of statistics, and identification of appropriate data sources
  • Examines the basic ergonomic principles of work place design and evaluation of hand tools
  • Discusses the origin, nature, and impact of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in the global community
  • Includes coverage of the concepts of information processing, measurement of mental workload, and an introduction to ergonomic design of controls and displays

The book supplies everything required to teach the class. Upon completion of a course using this book, students will be prepared to apply the ergonomic knowledge in industry or continue to higher levels of study in the field. The text builds the foundation students and professionals need to understand and improve the environments, equipment, and systems with which humans interact in the workplace, recreational environment, and home.

Description of Instructors Manual

Available upon course adoption, the instructor’s manual contains resources to assist in quickly establishing a course layout, schedule, and associated documents. This resource genuinely makes the selection of the text a "turn-key" option for the professor to deliver a high-quality ergonomics course.

  • Sample course syllabus
  • Summary of suggested ergonomic lab equipment
  • Sample course schedule
  • Description of assignments such as student projects and more.

Description of Laboratory Manual

Available for download from www.crcpress.com, the laboratory manual contains multiple laboratory and application assignments to give student a hands-on experience in applying ergonomic material taught in the classroom lectures. The manual has labs for each of the primary topics covered in the course as well as guidelines on how students are to conduct the laboratories and prepare lab reports. Numerous tables, equations, and examples are provided in the lab manual to facilitate student understanding of the material. The use of the lab manual supports the instructor by providing tailored exercises for students to perform that are directly aligned with the textbook material. Assignments are also provided for students taking the course via distance learning or remote resources.

Table of Contents

Foundational Ergonomics
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Ergonomics Defined
Summary
Exercises
References
Listing of Ergonomic Resources
Ergonomics and Related Associations
Additional Societies and Professional Organizations
Government Organizations
Standards

Systems of the Human Body
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Systems of the Body
Summary
Exercises
References

Senses of the Human Body and Measurement of Environmental Factors
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Sensory Functions
Environmental Factors in Ergonomics
Vibration and the Human Body
Exposure to Chemicals, Radiation, and Other Substances
Summary
Exercises
References

Muscular Work and Nervous Control of Movements
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Muscular Work
Summary
Exercises
References

Anthropometry
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
What Is Anthropometry?
Summary
Exercises
References
Anthropometric Data Sources, Resources, and Databases

Design of Workplaces and Hand Tools
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Workplace Design Analysis
General Principles of Workplace Design
Work Envelopes
Workplace Evaluation Tools
Summary
Case Study References
Exercises
References
Workplace Evaluation Resource List (Source: Cornell University)

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Structures Impacted by WMSD
Types of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Stages of WMSD and Principles of Prevention
Task-Related Risk Factors
Personal Risk Factors
Screening Methods and Diagnosis of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Impact on Industry
Procedure for Workplace Analysis and Design
Ergonomic Program for WMSD
Summary
Exercises
References

Heavy Work and Evaluating Physical Workloads and Lifting
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Heavy Work
Manual Material Handling and Lifting
Assessment of Energy Expenditures: Direct and Indirect Measures
Evaluation of Physical Efforts in Manual Material Handling
NIOSH Lifting Guideline
Fatigue
Summary
Exercises
References

Information Ergonomics, Controls, and Displays
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Information Processing
Mental Workload Measurement
Controls and Displays
Summary
Exercises
References

Warning Labels, Instructions, and Product Liability
Learning Goals
Key Topics
Introduction and Background
Definitions
Product Liability
Summary
Exercises
References
References for Small Business.com
Index

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Reviews

"This book provides an exhaustive overview of basic physical ergonomics principles. It is designed to be used as an introductory text and could be complemented with corresponding lab exercises. ... Bush brings her two decades of teaching expertise in ergonomics. The book fills the gap for an exhaustive introductory text for both students and professionals new to the field of ergonomics. ... Although the book primarily covers physical ergonomics, the chapter on cognitive ergonomics provides adequate references to explore further. This book would be a very valuable resource for anyone planning to take the Certified Professional Ergonomist examination."
—Sohit Karol, Design Researcher, Microsoft, writing in Ergonomics by Design, April 2015

"Students and instructors are able to download a comprehensive laboratory manual (144 pages) from the publisher’s website which comprises detailed descriptions of group and individual exercises. The instructions and material provided in the laboratory manual are based on the personal teaching experiences of the author, and the content is helpful. Instructors are further supported with an additional manual and slides when they adopt this textbook for their courses. ... It covers essential physical ergonomics knowledge in a condensed and easily accessible way. Instructors and students of introductory ergonomics courses will benefit from using these resources in class."
—Ulrike Charlton, University of Leicester, UK, writing in Ergonomics, Vol. 56, Issue 8, 2013

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