Samuel Hollander’s work has been provoking debate for over four decades. This book brings together key contributions of recent years, in addition to some brand new pieces. The essays are introduced by a Preface in which Hollander reflects on his past work and reactions to it.
Highlights include two issues of particular current relevance. Conspicuous is an extensive chapter regarding Adam Smith’s often neglected arguments for government intervention in the economy to correct market failures, and his critical view of the business class as an anti-social force. Important economists considered in relation to Adam Smith’s position on the role of the state include Jeremy Bentham and the Scottish-Canadian John Rae. Similarly of high present-day interest is a re-examination of Karl Marx’s theory of exploitation, or the notion of profits as "embezzlement," demonstrating Marx’s effective abandonment of this perspective in the case of the small active businessman as distinct from the major joint-stock corporation.
Other papers demonstrate the close intellectual relationship between David Ricardo and Thomas Robert Malthus; the extensive common ground between the British school and the French under the leadership of Jean-Baptiste Say; the failure of a so-called anti-Ricardian opposition in Britain represented by Samuel Bailey; and the denial of a sharp discontinuity between "classical" and later "neo-classical" economics.
Finally, several biographical essays are included as well as an extension of the autobiographical account appearing in Collected Essays II.
Preface Acknowledgements Part I: Adam Smith 1. Adam Smith: Market-Failure Pioneer, and Champion of ‘Natural Liberty’ 2. John Rae and Adam Smith (1998) 3. Jeremy Bentham and Adam Smith on the Usury Laws: a ‘Smithian’ Reply to Bentham and a New Problem (1999) Part II: The Classical Canon: Ricardo, Bailey, Say, and Sraffa 4. The Canonical Classical Growth Model: Content, Adherence and Priority (1998) 5. Samuel Bailey and the Question of his ‘Influence’: a Sceptical View (2010) 6. Jean-Baptiste Say and the Classical Canon in Economics: Land-Based Growth Theory (2005) 7. Ricardo as a ‘Classical’ Economist; the ‘New View’ Re-examined: a Reply to Dr Peach (2007) 8. The Old ‘New View’ Reaffirmed: a Truly Final Word? 9. Sraffa in Historiographical Perspective: a Provisional Statement (1998) 10. Reply to Stirati’s Comment on my ‘Sraffa and the Interpretation of Ricardo: the Marxian Dimension’ (2011) Part III: Malthus 11. Malthus and Classical Economics: the Malthus–Ricardo Relationship (2001) 12. Malthus and Method: a Study in Irony (1999) 13. Malthus and the Corn-Profit Model (2000) 14. New Avenues for Research in Malthus Studies; On Hashimoto and Pullen’s ‘Two Unpublished Letters of Malthus’ (2006) 15. An Invited Comment on ‘Reappraisal of "Malthus the Economist", 1933–1997’ by A.M.C. Waterman (1998) Part IV: Marxian Political Economy 16. Engels–Marx versus Malthus on Distribution and the Population Issue (2003) 17. On the Marxian Entrepreneur: Karl Marx’s Abandonment of the Doctrine of Exploitation under Industrial Capitalism (2011) 18. On Karl Marx’s Doctrine of Exploitation: a Reply to Critics Part V: Biographical Perspectives 19. John P. Henderson’s Life and Economics of David Ricardo (2001) 20. Martin Bronfenbrenner as a Comrade-in-Arms in establishing the ‘New Classical Economics’ (1999) 21. Continuing a Conversation with Larry Moss (1945–2009) (2010) 22. Afterword: A Memoir Continued