The central problem to which this book, first published in 1984, is addressed is the transformation of agrarian structure as it historically evolved in India. The term ‘structure’, however, has multiple meanings. The sense in which the term is used refers to the system of production, including the pattern of its composition in terms of micro-units of production, and the social and economic relations by which they are integrated. This concrete analysis and examination of the evidence of Indian agriculture is undertaken from this perspective, and contributes to the theory of agrarian change as well as an interpretation of the development of Indian agriculture.
1. Introduction: Agrarian Structure and Transformation: Concepts, Theory and Method 2. Agrarian Change in the Colonial Period: The Emergence of Surplus Agricultural Population in Greater Bengal (1793-1947) 3. Agrarian Structure, Conditions of Production, Peasant Economic Activity and Market Participation in India, 1950-1970 4. Agrarian Transformation in India, 1948-Early 1970s: A Process of Differential Development of the Peasantry