1st Edition

Essential Paediatric Orthopaedic Decision Making
A Case-Based Approach





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ISBN 9781003106920
December 27, 2021 Forthcoming by CRC Press
300 Pages 561 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This collection of practical Case reports provides a concise guide to managing a wide spectrum of orthopaedic conditions in children. Strategies for determining an optimum management approach to follow in any given situation are provided, and are supported with clinical illustrations and guidelines.

Sixty challenging clinical scenarios are presented, from malunion of a tibial fracture to pseudarthrosis of the tibia, after failed primary surgery. Each case is approached in a systematic manner with a background history, key features of physical examination and a series of questions.The questions lead to the goals of surgery, followed by a list of options for the management of each case. The option chosen by the surgeon is then presented, usually with intraoperative, clinical and radiographic illustrations. The majority of cases have substantial follow-up to illustrate the wisdom of the surgical decision-making, the surgical skill employed and the diligent post-operative care and follow-up.

Trainees in pediatric orthopaedics and those sitting their final specialty examination will find this Case-based approach helps to anchor both their understanding and retention of key concepts.

Table of Contents

Deformities

    1. Equinus deformity
    2. Chris Prior, Nick Peterson, Selvadurai Nayagam

    3. Equinovarus deformity
    4. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    5. Calcaneus deformity
    6. Chris Prior, Nick Peterson, Selvadurai Nayagam

    7. Cavovarus deformity
    8. David Spiegel

    9. Congenital vertical talus
    10. Chris Prior, Nick Peterson, Selvadurai Nayagam

    11. Planovalgus deformity
    12. Leo Donnan

    13. Valgus deformity of the hindfoot
    14. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    15. Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia
    16. Benjamin Joseph & Hitesh Shah

    17. Posteromedial bowing of the tibia
    18. Nick Green & James Fernandes

    19. Tibial torsion
    20. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    21. Flexion deformity of the knee
    22. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    23. Genu recurvatum
    24. Hitesh Shah

    25. Genu varum
    26. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    27. Genu valgum
    28. Chris Prior, Nick Peterson, Selvadurai Nayagam

    29. Coxa vara
    30. Leo Donnan

    31. Femoral anteversion
    32. Leo Donnan

    33. Valgus deformity of the wrist
    34. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    35. Scoliosis
    36. David Spiegel

    37. Kyphotic deformity of the spine
    38. David Spiegel

    39. Torticollis
    40. Hitesh Shah

      Dislocations

    41. Developmental dysplasia of the hip
    42. Randall Loder

    43. Paralytic hip dislocation: cerebral palsy
    44. David Spiegel

    45. Paralytic hip dislocation: poliomyelitis
    46. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    47. Teratologic hip dislocation: multiple congenital contractures
    48. Hitesh Shah

    49. Post-infective hip dysplasia
    50. Hitesh Shah

    51. Congenital dislocation of the knee
    52. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    53. Congenital dislocation of the patella
    54. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    55. Radial head dislocation
    56. Nick Green & James Fernandes

      Diaphyseal bone loss

    57. Diaphyseal bone loss
    58. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

      Deficiencies

    59. Fibular hemimelia
    60. Caroline Blakey & James Fernandes

    61. Tibial hemimelia
    62. Nick Green & James Fernandes

    63. Congenital short femur and proximal focal femoral deficiency
    64. Nick Green & James Fernandes

    65. Distal focal femoral deficiency
    66. Caroline Blakey & James Fernandes

    67. Radial club hand
    68. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    69. Ulnar club hand
    70. Chris Prior, Nick Peterson, Selvadurai Nayagam

      Discrepancies of limb length

    71. Length discrepancy of the femur
    72. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    73. Length discrepancy of the tibia
    74. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    75. Discrepancies of length in the fibula
    76. Caroline Blakey & James Fernandes

    77. Length discrepancy in metatarsals
    78. Caroline Blakey & James Fernandes

    79. Discrepancies of length in the forearm
    80. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

      Decreased joint mobility

    81. Congenital radio-ulnar synostosis
    82. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

    83. Tarsal coalition
    84. Leo Donnan

    85. Contracture of muscles of the lower limb
    86. Benjamin Joseph & Hitesh Shah

    87. Contracture of muscles of the upper limb
    88. Binu P Thomas

      Lower motor neuron paralyses

    89. The paralysed knee
    90. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    91. The paralysed foot and ankle
    92. Hitesh Shah & Benjamin Joseph

    93. The paralysed elbow (Triceps paralysis)
    94. Binu P Thomas

    95. The paralysed shoulder in the child
    96. Hitesh Shah

    97. The paralysed shoulder and elbow
    98. Binu P Thomas

    99. The paralysed hand and wrist (ulnar & median nerve palsy)
    100. Binu P Thomas

      Upper motor neuron paralysis

    101. The spastic foot and ankle
    102. David Spiegel

    103. The spastic knee
    104. David Spiegel

    105. The spastic hip
    106. David Spiegel

    107. The spastic forearm and hand
    108. Benjamin Joseph

      Epiphyseal and physeal problems

    109. Blount’s disease
    110. Randall Loder

    111. Perthes’ disease
    112. Benjamin Joseph & Hitesh Shah

    113. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    114. Randall Loder

    115. Physeal bar
    116. Nick Peterson, Chris Prior, Selvadurai Nayagam

      Infections

    117. Acute osteomyelitis
    118. Hitesh Shah

    119. Acute septic arthritis

Hitesh Shah

...
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Editor(s)

Biography

Benjamin Joseph, MS (Orth), MCh Orth, FRCS Ed, adjunct professor of paediatric orthopaedics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India; and consultant paediatric orthopaedic surgeon Aster Medcity, Kochi, India

Selvadurai Nayagam, BSc, MCh(Orth), FRCS Ed (Trauma and Orth), consultant orthopaedic surgeon, Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital; and honorary reader, University of Liverpool, UK

Randall T. Loder, MD, garceau professor of orthopaedic surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; and chief of orthopaedics, James Whitcomb Riley Children’s Hospital, Indianapolis, USA