Rendered from the 11th Edition of Copi/Cohen, Introduction to Logic, the most respected introductory logic book on the market, this concise version presents a simplified yet rigorous introduction to the study of logic. It covers all major topics and approaches, using a three-part organization that outlines specific topics under logic and language, deduction, and induction. For individuals intrigued by the formal study of logic.

    Table of ContentsPreface Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1 Basic Logical Concepts1.1 What Logic Is1.2 Propositions and Sentences1.3 Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions1.4 Arguments and Explanations1.5 Recognizing Arguments A. Premise- and Conclusion-Indicators B. Arguments in Context C. Premises Not in Declarative Form D. Unstated Propositions1.6 Deduction and Validity1.7 Validity and Truth1.8 Induction and Probability1.9 Analyzing Arguments A. Paraphrasing B. Diagramming Arguments C. Interwoven Arguments1.10 Complex Argumentative PassagesEssentials of Chapter 1 CHAPTER 2 Informal Fallacies2.1 What Is a Fallacy?2.2 Fallacies of Relevance R1. Argument from Ignorance (argumentum ad ignoratiam) R2. Appeal to Illegitimate Authority (argumentum ad verecundiam) R3. Argument Against the Person (Personal Attack, argumentum ad hominem) R4. Appeal to Emotion (Mob Appeal, argumentum ad populum) R5. Appeal to Pity (argumentum ad misericordiam) R6. Appeal to Force (argumentum ad baculum) R7. Irrelevant Conclusion (ignoratio elenchi; non sequitur)2.3 Fallacies of Presumption P1. Complex Question P2. False Cause (post hoc, ergo propter hoc; non causa pro causa) P3. Begging the Question (petitio principii) P4. Accident P5. Converse Accident (Hasty Generalization)  


    Irving Copi, Carl Cohen, Daniel Flage