In the early 1990s a number of violent civil wars and large-scale ethnic crises shocked the world. In Rwanda, Bosnia, Chechnya and elsewhere atrocities were committed that led to hundreds of thousands of dead and displaced people.
Explaining the origins and dynamics of such inhuman actions and events, this new sensitive and detailed analysis includes:
Although the number of these conflicts has diminished over the years, the phenomenon has not disappeared: in the Sudan, the Congo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, Afghanistan and Iraq people are still being killed in large numbers, without authorities being able to avert or end the hostilities. On nine-eleven large-scale terrorist attacks in Washington and New York shocked the world again, and since then other violent events took place in Bali, Casablanca, Riyadh, Moscow, Istanbul and Madrid.
This book of concern to all people, because recent history has shown us that such violence can strike everywhere and at any time. The final chapter delivers a number of constructive considerations aiming at the development of policies to prevent and stop such conflicts. This is an important new contribution to tackling the complex challenges of the twenty first century.
This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of contemporary history, development studies, political and social sciences and International Relations.
1. Introduction 2. Grid characteristics and group boundaries 3. Waning government, democratic deficit and strategic constellation 4. Violence as lacking control of emotions 5. Violence and culture 6. Rationalization of evil Part II Micro and Short-Term Factors 7. Group building, stereotyping and ideologizing 8. Social mobilisation and leadership 9. Rising expectations, relative deprivation and reduction of power distance 10. The dynamics of conflict itself 11. Conclusions and implications