This collection of essays reflects the increasing importance for social scientists of ethnic criteria for classifying modern population groups. The essays discuss emergent nationalism, ethnic divisiveness, social distance, voluntary association, and the role of women in Africa south of the Sahara.
1. Introduction PART 1 Tribe, Community, or Nation 2. Citizens and Tribesmen: Variations in Ethnic Affiliation in a Multiethnic Farming Community in Northern Tanzania 3. Ethnic Tensions and Political Stratification in Uganda 4. Language Policies and Their Implications for Ethnic Relations in the Newly Sovereign States of Sub-Saharan Africa 5. Society and Sociality: An Expanding Universe 6. Place and Ethnicity among the Sandawe of Tanzania PART 2 Urban and Situational Ethnicity 7. Urban Ethnicity in Windhoek 8. Ethnicity, Neighborliness, and Friendship among Urban Africans in South Africa 9. Countervailing Influences in African Ethnicity: A Less Apparent Factor 10. Voluntary Associations and Ethnic Competition in Ouagadougou 11. The Celebration of Ethnicity: A "Tribal Fight" in a Namibian Mine Compound PART 3 Color, Racism, or Ethnicity 12. Formative Factors in the Origins and Growth of Afrikaner Ethnicity 13. The "Coloureds" of South Africa 14. South African Indians and Economic Hostility 15. The Future of Ethnicity in Southern Africa