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Ethnicity and Inequality in China




ISBN 9780367497033
Published December 30, 2020 by Routledge
356 Pages 37 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

This book analyses the behaviour of ethnic minority groups in China using the first comprehensive national dataset dedicated to capturing the socio-economic profile of ethnic minorities: the China Household Ethnicity Survey (CHES).

Managing ethnic diversity in China has become an increasingly important subject, especially against the backdrop of the nation’s rampant economic growth and changing institutional behaviour. The book has an analytical interest in looking at the benefactors of China’s growth from an ethnic group dimension, and notably, how the economic life of the 55 ethnic minority groups compares to the Han majority. It’s one of the first publications to capture the heterogeneity of ethnic minority groups’ socio-economic experience, through intersectional analysis and multi-disciplinary approaches. Contributing factors in explaining ethnic minorities’ experiences in the urban labour market are also considered: from how linguistic capital and migration patterns vary for ethnic minorities, to the effects of pro-rural policies. Underpinning these are questions about the extent to which happiness and discrimination impact the economic life of ethnic minorities.

Ethnicity and Inequality in China will prove an invaluable resource for students and scholars of economics, sociology and contemporary Chinese Studies more broadly.

Table of Contents

1 Ethnicity and inequality in China: An introduction 1

BJÖRN A. GUSTAFSSON, REZA HASMATH AND SAI DING

2 Ethnic income gaps in seven rural regions of China 25

BJÖRN A. GUSTAFSSON AND SAI DING

3 Linguistic capital: Links to information access and economic opportunity among rural young adults in minority areas in China 61

EMILY HANNUM AND HUA-YU SEBASTIAN CHERNG

4 Ethnic minority group differences in the transitions from work to “retirement” of western China’s rural elders 82

RACHEL CONNELLY AND MARGARET MAURER-FAZIO

5 The redistributive impact of pro-rural policies in the western ethnic minority regions of China 110

HIROSHI SATO AND YANZHONG WANG

6 Rural public goods provision in the western ethnic minority regions of China 134

KEQIANG LI AND HIROSHI SATO

7 Minorities in rural China: Poorer but inherently happier? 161

JOHN KNIGHT, LI SHI AND YUAN CHANG

8 Labor market outcomes of ethnic minorities in urban China 185

SYLVIE DÉMURGER

9 Discrimination in ethnic minority earnings? evidence from urban China 216

ANDREW MACDONALD AND REZA HASMATH

10 Determinants of Han-minority urban income inequality 233

SAMUEL L. MYERS, JR., KEQIANG LI, YUANCHENG LI, GREGORY N. PRICE AND MAN XU

11 Investigating the patterns and determinants of Han and ethnic minority household migration in China 259

ANTHONY HOWELL, SAI DING AND BJÖRN A. GUSTAFSSON

12 Poverty among Han and ethnic minorities in seven regions of China 283

BJÖRN A. GUSTAFSSON, SAI DING AND HIROSHI SATO

Methodological considerations: Overview of Chinese Household Ethnicity Survey 2011 316

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Editor(s)

Biography

Björn A. Gustafsson is a Senior Professor at the Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg.

Reza Hasmath is a Full Professor in Political Science at the University of Alberta.

Sai Ding is Professor at the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Reviews

"This is a theoretically informed and empirically grounded research into a wide range of issues on ethnicity and inequality in China. The contributors, who are established scholars and emerging young research stars in the field, turn a reflective and critical eye on changes and challenges in ethnic policies and practices in China. A gift to teachers, researchers, policy analysts, and students interested in ethnicity in China." - Professor Xiaowei Zang, City University of Hong Kong