1st Edition

Eurock 2006: Multiphysics Coupling and Long Term Behaviour in Rock Mechanics Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, Eurock 2006, Liège, Belgium, 9-12 May 2006

    Special emphasis is given to the constitutive behaviour of rock material, including rock mechanics and partial saturation, chemo-mechanics, thermo-hydro-mechanics, weathering and creep. Theoretical concepts, laboratory and field experiments and numerical simulations are discussed. Multiphysics coupling and long-term behaviour has practical applications in a number of areas. In oil engineering (enhanced oil recovery, CO2 injection, and well stability); in underground waste storage, post-mine behaviour and the long-term behaviour of railway and road infrastructures. This book will be useful to professionals and academics working in a variety of fields related to rock mechanics and environmental geotechnics.

    Preface XIII

    Organising Committee XV

    Scientific Committee XV

    Keynote lectures

    Tunnel stability and deformations in water-bearing ground 3

    G. Anagnostou

    An overview of long-term HM measurements around HADES URF 15

    W. Bastiaens, F. Bernier & X.L. Li

    A three-dimensional constitutive law for rock salt including transient, steady state
    and accelerated creep, failure and post-failure behaviour and applications in rock engeneering 27

    C. Erichsen

    Response of a saturated mudstone under excavation and thermal loading 35

    A. Gens, J. Vaunat, B. Garitte &Y.Wileveau

    Coupled processes involved in post-mining 45

    M. Ghoreychi

    1  Multiphysics coupling

    1.1  Theoretical concepts

    Similarity solutions for a shallow hydraulic fracture 57

    E. Detournay &A.P. Bunger

    Experimental and theoretical investigations of the behaviour of a partially frozen
    cement paste 63

    A. Fabbri, T. Fen-Chong, O. Coussy &A. Azouni

    Sorptive storage of CO2 on coal dust and flotation waste from coal processing in abandoned coal mines 69

    T. Kempka, M.Waschbüsch, T. Fernández-Steeger & R. Azzam

    Analysis of wellbore stability in under-balanced drilling 75

    S.A.I. Khan & D.H.S. Zou

    Mechanical impacts of acid gas leakage in caprock 81

    M. Mainguy &A. Onaisi

    Incorporating chemoporoelasticity in wellbore stability – Part I: Parameter
    estimation 87

    N.P.R. Rubio, S.A.B. Fontoura, E.M.P. Araújo, E.S. Muniz & R.F.T. Lomba

    Incorporating chemoporoelasticity in wellbore stability – Part II: Computational
    analysis 93

    E.M.P. Araújo, S.A.B. Fontoura, N.P.R. Rubio, E.S. Muniz & C.J. Gonçalves

    A probabilistic model for the formation of crack networks in rocks under CO2
    injection 99

    M. Seyedi, A. Mushtaq & F. Hild

    Effect of pore pressure on failure mode, axial, lateral and volumetric
    deformations of rock specimen in plane strain compression 105


    1.2  Laboratory experiments

    Laboratory measurement of hydraulic conductivity of rocks from Lakeview
    borehole 115

    L.C. Areias & K.Y. Lo

    Poromechanical behaviour of Meuse-Haute Marne argillite: laboratory
    evidences and modeling 121

    D. Hoxha, F. Homand, A. Giraud, C. Auvray & K. Su

    Preliminary results of air permeability test under tensile stress condition using
    a hollow cylindrical rock specimen 127

    T. Ishida, S. Miyazaki, T. Ishii, K. Amemiya &Y. Mizuta

    Impact of brine composition on the mechanical strength of chalk at high
    temperature 133

    R.I. Korsnes, M.V. Madland &T. Austad

    Void space against fracture hydro mechanical behavior at sample scale 141

    P. Lopez, I. Rahmani, O. Buzzi, M. Boulon, A. Thoraval & M. Escuredo-Rodriguez

    Prediction of impact strength index, slake durability index and schmidt
    hammer rebound number from P-wave velocity 149

    P.K. Sharma &T.N. Singh

    Hydro-mechanical behavior in sandstone during from brittle to ductile
    deformation and its relation to inner structural change 155

    M. Takahashi, K. Tanaka, X. Li & M. Kwa´sniewski

    Mechanical and chemical properties changes in sedimentary rock during
    immersion in hot water 163

    T. Takemura, M. Takahashi, M. Manaka & K. Tanaka

    Analyzing the influence of the water saturation on the strength of sandstones 169

    B. Vásárhelyi & P. Ván

    Study on the variation on microstructure and mechanical properties of
    water-weakening slates 173

    C. Yang, H. Mao, X. Huang & X.Wang

    1.3  Field experiments and case studies

    Acoustic emission analysis of biaxially loaded rock 185

    M.C. Bétournay, M. Coté & H.S. Mitri

    In situ ultrasonic wave measurements in clay: comparison between velocity,
    frequential attenuation and energy 193

    P. Ganne, A. Vervoort &W. Bastiaens

    Impact of THM constitutive behavior on the rock-mass response: case of HE-D experiment in Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory 199

    D. Hoxha, Z. Jiang, F. Homand, A. Giraud, K. Su &Y.Wileveau

    Interpretation of fracture geometry from excavation induced microseismic events 205

    J.M. Reyes-Montes & R.P. Young

    Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in
    swelling rock 211


    1.4  Numerical simulations

    A fully coupled poroviscoelastic model for in-situ stress determination in the
    oil industry 219

    M. Bloch, S.M.S. Freitas & F.R. Custodio

    Modeling of water uptake and swelling in highly compacted bentonite for
    environmental sealing barriers – laboratory and large-scale experiments
    and numerical simulation 227

    J. Gattermann

    Numerical modelling of the effect of weathering on the progressive failure of underground limestone mines 233

    S. Ghabezloo &A. Pouya

    Investigation of sand production mechanisms using DEM with fluid flow 241

    L. Li, E. Papamichos & P. Cerasi

    A coupled approach for the simulation of hydro-mechanical fracturing in
    porous rocks 249

    J.M. Segura & I. Carol

    Hydromechanical behaviour during CO2 injection 255

    S. Vidal-Gilbert, E. Bemer, C. Barroux & E. Brosse

    Bonded-particle model of thermally fractured granitic rock 261

    T.S.Wanne & R.P. Young

    2  Long term behaviour

    2.1  Theoretical concepts and laboratory studies

    Experimental study on strength weakening characteristics of soft rock subject
    to wetting 269

    S. Cai & S. Ming

    Intelligent analysis of rheological characteristic of rock materials 275

    X.-T. Feng, B.-R. Chen, C. Yang & H. Zhou

    Short- and long-term constitutive model for porous rocks 281

    D. Grgic, F. Homand & D. Hoxha

    From a natural stress profile to rheological properties at geological scale 287

    Y. Gunzburger, F.H. Cornet &Y.Wileveau

    Poromechanical modeling of a deep shaft excavation and comparison with
    experimental results 293

    X.C. Song, Y. Jia, G. Duveau, J.F. Shao & K. Su

    2.2  Field experiments and case studies

    Collapse/subsidence: evolution of the overburden massivity according to the geomorphology in the Lorraine iron mines case 301

    J. Fougeron, F. Homand, M. Souley, M. Bennani & J.P. Josien

    A case study of failure mechanism and support measures of slopes against
    sliding and toppling failure 309

    A.H. Ghazvinian & Z.A. Moradian

    Ground heave induced by mine water recovery 315

    M. Heitfeld, M. Mainz, M. Mühlenkamp, K. Schetelig & H. Sahl

    200 years coal mining in New SouthWales (Australia), the elasto-static
    behavior of the continental crust, and the 1989 M5.6 Newcastle earthquake 321

    C.D. Klose

    Prediction of long-term behavior for a large underground cavern 325

    T. Koyama, K. Ishibashi, Y. Suzuki, M. Minami, S. Okubo & K. Fukui

    Long-term deformation processes in the wider area of the closed Idrija Mercury
    Mine 331

    J. Likar, M. Cigale & B. Režun

    Swelling – a geotechnical problem at the Adler Tunnel, Switzerland – monitoring
    results and their interpretation 337

    H.-P. Noher, B. Vögtli & B. Kister

    Creep analysis by the velocity method 343

    A.K. Parkin

    Analysis of delayed convergences in a carbon zone of the Lötschberg Tunnel 351

    F. Sandrone, J.-P. Dudt, V. Labiouse & F. Descoeudres

    Rock rheology – time dependence of dilation and stress around a tunnel 357

    P. Ván & Z. Szarka

    2.3  Numerical simulations

    The feasibility analysis of abandoned salt caverns for underground gas
    storage facility 367

    W.Z. Chen, G.J.Wu, J.P. Yang & C.H. Yang

    Semi-analytical models for predicting the amount and rate of sand production 373

    C. Detournay & B.Wu

    Salt pillar creep analysis 381

    F. Laouafa & M. Ghoreychi

    Using scaled seismic studies to validate 3D numerical models of the rock
    barrier around a deep repository 389

    W.S. Pettitt, J.R. Haycox & R.P. Young

    3  Multiphysics coupling and long term behaviour

    3.1  Laboratory experiments and theoretical concepts

    Weathering and strength of partially saturated soft rock 397

    C. Bönsch

    Multiscale analysis and analytical modeling of creep and damage in
    argillaceous rocks 403

    G. Fabre & F. Pellet

    Instability and possible liquefaction of high porosity chalk 411

    R.E. Flatebø & R. Risnes

    Wellbore strengthening in low-permeability formations 417

    I.R. Gil & J.-C. Roegiers

    Development of an experimental device to carry out tests on thick-walled hollow cylinders 421

    M. Hosseini, C. Rousseau, J. Desrues, P. Bésuelle & G. Viggiani

    Does the chemical interaction between seawater and chalk affect the mechanical properties of chalk? 427

    R.I. Korsnes, S. Strand, Ø. Hoff, T. Pedersen, M.V. Madland &T. Austad

    The change of P-wave velocity with temperature and humidity in granite 435

    Y. Nara & K. Kaneko

    3.2  Field experiments and case studies

    Hydro-thermo-mechanical over-closure of joints and rock masses and
    potential effects on the long term performance of nuclear waste repositories 445

    N. Barton &A. Makurat

    Swelling mechanisms in sulphate-bearing rocks 451

    I.R. Berdugo, E.E. Alonso & E.E. Romero

    A salt-cavern abandonment test in an LPG storage facility 455

    P. Bérest, B. Brouard, P. de Laguérie, T. You, D. Fourmaintraux & J.Y. Héas

    Mechanical decay and degradation of marble slabs 461

    C.A. Garzonio & E. Cantisani

    The hydromechanical behaviour of the Boom Clay observed during excavation
    of the connecting gallery at Mol site 467

    X.L. Li,W. Bastiaens & F. Bernier

    Influence of topographic roughness on the stress state in a sloped rock-mass 473

    V. Merrien-Soukatchoff, J. Sausse & C. Dünner

    Failure mechanisms of the Opalinus Clay around underground excavations 479

    T. Vietor, P. Blümling & G. Armand

    3.3 Numerical simulations

    Physical modelling and numerical simulation of long-term deformation
    behaviour of indurated clay with special consideration of anisotropic effects
    and in situ measurements 487

    O. Czaikowski & K.-H. Lux

    Poro-hypoplastic analysis of the progressive excavation of the Mol URL
    connecting Gallery 493

    J. Desrues, P. Bésuelle, C. Coll, F. Collin & X.L. Li

    Discrete particle modelling as a tool in petroleum rock mechanics 499

    R.M. Holt, L. Li, I. Larsen, S. Gorodkov & H.T.I. Alassi

    Thermo-hydromechanical modeling in unsaturated hard clay and application
    to nuclear waste storage 505

    Y. Jia, G. Duveau, J.F. Shao, K. Su &Y.Wileveau

    Modeling by homogenization of water drainage in double-porosity soils 513

    J. Lewandowska, T.D. Tran Ngoc, M. Vauclin & H. Bertin

    Suction and time effects on the behaviour of a reservoir chalk 519

    G. Priol, V. De Gennaro, P. Delage, F. Collin & R. Charlier

    Modelling of the hydro-mechanical processes around excavations in rock salt 527

    A. Pudewills

    4  Related topics

    4.1  Theoretical concepts

    Dimensionless charts for the GRC for rock masses exhibiting strain-softening
    behaviour 533

    E. Alonso, L.R. Alejano, F. Varas & G. Fdez-Manin

    The New Geophysics: a new understanding of fluid-rock deformation 539

    S. Crampin

    An automated procedure to build failure envelopes and model the
    Mohr-Coulomb criterion in the three-dimensional principal stresses
    space from polyaxial test data 545

    F. Descamps, E. Rodriguez & J.-P. Tshibangu

    Geomechanical properties of fractured carbonate rock mass determined by
    geophysical methods 551

    A.F. Idziak & I. Stan-Kleczek

    Predicting the physico-mechanical properties of igneous rocks from electrical
    resistivity measurements 557

    S. Kahraman, E. Ogretici, M. Fener &T. Yeken

    4.2 Laboratory experiments

    Development of a new experimental protocol to estimate the shear strength of
    concrete-rock joints 563

    G. Ballivy, C. Gravel &T. El Malki

    Field applications for the scratching test 571

    F. Dagrain & C. Germay

    On the influence of PDC wear and rock type on friction coefficient and
    cutting efficiency 577

    F. Dagrain &T. Richard

    Petrophysical deformation in faulted white chalk in Belgium 585

    A. Darquennes, C. Schroeder & S. Vandycke

    Roughness characterization of rock fractures surfaces 591

    H. Legrain & J.-P. Tshibangu

    Dynamic frictional behavior of rough rock joints by shaking table test 597

    B.-K. Park, S. Jeon, J.-J. Song & C.-I. Lee

    Point load strength determination of anisotropic rocks 603

    H. Saroglou & G. Tsiambaos

    A new procedure to analyse the wear of cutting elements 609

    F. Van Quickelberghe, F. Dagrain, J.-P. Tshibangu &T. Richard

    4.3 Field experiments and case studies

    Different approaches to fracturation of marble rock – the case study of the
    St Beat tunnel (French Pyrenees) 619

    M. Gasc-Barbier, D. Virely, J. Guittard &V. Merrien-Soukatchoff

    A case study of determining orientations of in-situ horizontal principal
    stresses based on electrical images of borehole failures at a deep drilling project 625

    W. Lin, E.-C. Yeh,W. Soh, M. Kinoshita, H. Ito & J.-H. Hung

    The role of rock mechanics in analysing overbreak: application to the
    Soumagne tunnel 631

    R.M. Schmitz, S. Viroux, R. Charlier & S. Hick

    Parametric study on the friction angle and dilation angle of intact rock and
    discontinuities presented in the Siah Bisheh pumping storage hydro-electric
    power project (HEPP) 637

    N. Shafiezadeh & M. Bagheri

    TBM Tunneling in adverse rock mass with emphasis on TBM Jamming
    accident in Ghomrud water transfer tunnel 643

    M. Sharifzadeh &A. Hemmati Shaabani

    Foundation of a highway in a post-mining area by dynamic intensified
    compaction, geotextile-reinforcement and piles 649


    Long term behaviour and upgrading the stability of old dams 655


    TBM performance prediction based on rock properties 663

    S. Yagiz

    Stress-released slope movement induced by excavation in fault zone 671

    Z. Y. Yang, J.Q. Hsiao & H.H. Chen

    4.4 Numerical simulations

    Hydrogeological modelling of rock mass by MDS-IDW technique 677

    K. Aoki &Y. Mito

    Numerical borehole breakout analysis using FRACOD2D 683

    T. Backers, O. Stephansson, I. Moeck, H.-G. Holl & E. Huenges

    Discontinuum and continuum modeling of Masjed E Soleyman Power
    House Cavern 689

    M. Bagheri, N. Shafiezadeh & H.R. Hajihassani

    Mechanical modeling of rock using a non-local elastoplastic damage model 695

    A. Mohamad-Hussein & J.F. Shao

    Numerical analysis of structural breakdown of compressed rock samples 701

    M. Rinne, B. Shen & O. Stephansson

    Author index


    Alain van Cotthem, Robert Charlier, Jean-Francois Thimus, Jean-Pierre Tshibangu