Eurock 2006: Multiphysics Coupling and Long Term Behaviour in Rock Mechanics: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, Eurock 2006, Liège, Belgium, 9-12 May 2006, 1st Edition (Pack) book cover

Eurock 2006: Multiphysics Coupling and Long Term Behaviour in Rock Mechanics

Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, Eurock 2006, Liège, Belgium, 9-12 May 2006, 1st Edition

Edited by Alain van Cotthem, Robert Charlier, Jean-Francois Thimus, Jean-Pierre Tshibangu

CRC Press

724 pages

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Special emphasis is given to the constitutive behaviour of rock material, including rock mechanics and partial saturation, chemo-mechanics, thermo-hydro-mechanics, weathering and creep. Theoretical concepts, laboratory and field experiments and numerical simulations are discussed. Multiphysics coupling and long-term behaviour has practical applications in a number of areas. In oil engineering (enhanced oil recovery, CO2 injection, and well stability); in underground waste storage, post-mine behaviour and the long-term behaviour of railway and road infrastructures. This book will be useful to professionals and academics working in a variety of fields related to rock mechanics and environmental geotechnics. .

Table of Contents

Preface XIII

Organising Committee XV

Scientific Committee XV

Keynote lectures

Tunnel stability and deformations in water-bearing ground 3

G. Anagnostou

An overview of long-term HM measurements around HADES URF 15

W. Bastiaens, F. Bernier & X.L. Li

A three-dimensional constitutive law for rock salt including transient, steady state

and accelerated creep, failure and post-failure behaviour and applications in rock engeneering 27

C. Erichsen

Response of a saturated mudstone under excavation and thermal loading 35

A. Gens, J. Vaunat, B. Garitte &Y.Wileveau

Coupled processes involved in post-mining 45

M. Ghoreychi

1 Multiphysics coupling

1.1 Theoretical concepts

Similarity solutions for a shallow hydraulic fracture 57

E. Detournay &A.P. Bunger

Experimental and theoretical investigations of the behaviour of a partially frozen

cement paste 63

A. Fabbri, T. Fen-Chong, O. Coussy &A. Azouni

Sorptive storage of CO2 on coal dust and flotation waste from coal processing in abandoned coal mines 69

T. Kempka, M.Waschbüsch, T. Fernández-Steeger & R. Azzam

Analysis of wellbore stability in under-balanced drilling 75

S.A.I. Khan & D.H.S. Zou

Mechanical impacts of acid gas leakage in caprock 81

M. Mainguy &A. Onaisi

Incorporating chemoporoelasticity in wellbore stability – Part I: Parameter

estimation 87

N.P.R. Rubio, S.A.B. Fontoura, E.M.P. Araújo, E.S. Muniz & R.F.T. Lomba

Incorporating chemoporoelasticity in wellbore stability – Part II: Computational

analysis 93

E.M.P. Araújo, S.A.B. Fontoura, N.P.R. Rubio, E.S. Muniz & C.J. Gonçalves

A probabilistic model for the formation of crack networks in rocks under CO2

injection 99

M. Seyedi, A. Mushtaq & F. Hild

Effect of pore pressure on failure mode, axial, lateral and volumetric

deformations of rock specimen in plane strain compression 105


1.2 Laboratory experiments

Laboratory measurement of hydraulic conductivity of rocks from Lakeview

borehole 115

L.C. Areias & K.Y. Lo

Poromechanical behaviour of Meuse-Haute Marne argillite: laboratory

evidences and modeling 121

D. Hoxha, F. Homand, A. Giraud, C. Auvray & K. Su

Preliminary results of air permeability test under tensile stress condition using

a hollow cylindrical rock specimen 127

T. Ishida, S. Miyazaki, T. Ishii, K. Amemiya &Y. Mizuta

Impact of brine composition on the mechanical strength of chalk at high

temperature 133

R.I. Korsnes, M.V. Madland &T. Austad

Void space against fracture hydro mechanical behavior at sample scale 141

P. Lopez, I. Rahmani, O. Buzzi, M. Boulon, A. Thoraval & M. Escuredo-Rodriguez

Prediction of impact strength index, slake durability index and schmidt

hammer rebound number from P-wave velocity 149

P.K. Sharma &T.N. Singh

Hydro-mechanical behavior in sandstone during from brittle to ductile

deformation and its relation to inner structural change 155

M. Takahashi, K. Tanaka, X. Li & M. Kwa´sniewski

Mechanical and chemical properties changes in sedimentary rock during

immersion in hot water 163

T. Takemura, M. Takahashi, M. Manaka & K. Tanaka

Analyzing the influence of the water saturation on the strength of sandstones 169

B. Vásárhelyi & P. Ván

Study on the variation on microstructure and mechanical properties of

water-weakening slates 173

C. Yang, H. Mao, X. Huang & X.Wang

1.3 Field experiments and case studies

Acoustic emission analysis of biaxially loaded rock 185

M.C. Bétournay, M. Coté & H.S. Mitri

In situ ultrasonic wave measurements in clay: comparison between velocity,

frequential attenuation and energy 193

P. Ganne, A. Vervoort &W. Bastiaens

Impact of THM constitutive behavior on the rock-mass response: case of HE-D experiment in Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory 199

D. Hoxha, Z. Jiang, F. Homand, A. Giraud, K. Su &Y.Wileveau

Interpretation of fracture geometry from excavation induced microseismic events 205

J.M. Reyes-Montes & R.P. Young

Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in

swelling rock 211


1.4 Numerical simulations

A fully coupled poroviscoelastic model for in-situ stress determination in the

oil industry 219

M. Bloch, S.M.S. Freitas & F.R. Custodio

Modeling of water uptake and swelling in highly compacted bentonite for

environmental sealing barriers – laboratory and large-scale experiments

and numerical simulation 227

J. Gattermann

Numerical modelling of the effect of weathering on the progressive failure of underground limestone mines 233

S. Ghabezloo &A. Pouya

Investigation of sand production mechanisms using DEM with fluid flow 241

L. Li, E. Papamichos & P. Cerasi

A coupled approach for the simulation of hydro-mechanical fracturing in

porous rocks 249

J.M. Segura & I. Carol

Hydromechanical behaviour during CO2 injection 255

S. Vidal-Gilbert, E. Bemer, C. Barroux & E. Brosse

Bonded-particle model of thermally fractured granitic rock 261

T.S.Wanne & R.P. Young

2 Long term behaviour

2.1 Theoretical concepts and laboratory studies

Experimental study on strength weakening characteristics of soft rock subject

to wetting 269

S. Cai & S. Ming

Intelligent analysis of rheological characteristic of rock materials 275

X.-T. Feng, B.-R. Chen, C. Yang & H. Zhou

Short- and long-term constitutive model for porous rocks 281

D. Grgic, F. Homand & D. Hoxha

From a natural stress profile to rheological properties at geological scale 287

Y. Gunzburger, F.H. Cornet &Y.Wileveau

Poromechanical modeling of a deep shaft excavation and comparison with

experimental results 293

X.C. Song, Y. Jia, G. Duveau, J.F. Shao & K. Su

2.2 Field experiments and case studies

Collapse/subsidence: evolution of the overburden massivity according to the geomorphology in the Lorraine iron mines case 301

J. Fougeron, F. Homand, M. Souley, M. Bennani & J.P. Josien

A case study of failure mechanism and support measures of slopes against

sliding and toppling failure 309

A.H. Ghazvinian & Z.A. Moradian

Ground heave induced by mine water recovery 315

M. Heitfeld, M. Mainz, M. Mühlenkamp, K. Schetelig & H. Sahl

200 years coal mining in New SouthWales (Australia), the elasto-static

behavior of the continental crust, and the 1989 M5.6 Newcastle earthquake 321

C.D. Klose

Prediction of long-term behavior for a large underground cavern 325

T. Koyama, K. Ishibashi, Y. Suzuki, M. Minami, S. Okubo & K. Fukui

Long-term deformation processes in the wider area of the closed Idrija Mercury

Mine 331

J. Likar, M. Cigale & B. Režun

Swelling – a geotechnical problem at the Adler Tunnel, Switzerland – monitoring

results and their interpretation 337

H.-P. Noher, B. Vögtli & B. Kister

Creep analysis by the velocity method 343

A.K. Parkin

Analysis of delayed convergences in a carbon zone of the Lötschberg Tunnel 351

F. Sandrone, J.-P. Dudt, V. Labiouse & F. Descoeudres

Rock rheology – time dependence of dilation and stress around a tunnel 357

P. Ván & Z. Szarka

2.3 Numerical simulations

The feasibility analysis of abandoned salt caverns for underground gas

storage facility 367

W.Z. Chen, G.J.Wu, J.P. Yang & C.H. Yang

Semi-analytical models for predicting the amount and rate of sand production 373

C. Detournay & B.Wu

Salt pillar creep analysis 381

F. Laouafa & M. Ghoreychi

Using scaled seismic studies to validate 3D numerical models of the rock

barrier around a deep repository 389

W.S. Pettitt, J.R. Haycox & R.P. Young

3 Multiphysics coupling and long term behaviour

3.1 Laboratory experiments and theoretical concepts

Weathering and strength of partially saturated soft rock 397

C. Bönsch

Multiscale analysis and analytical modeling of creep and damage in

argillaceous rocks 403

G. Fabre & F. Pellet

Instability and possible liquefaction of high porosity chalk 411

R.E. Flatebø & R. Risnes

Wellbore strengthening in low-permeability formations 417

I.R. Gil & J.-C. Roegiers

Development of an experimental device to carry out tests on thick-walled hollow cylinders 421

M. Hosseini, C. Rousseau, J. Desrues, P. Bésuelle & G. Viggiani

Does the chemical interaction between seawater and chalk affect the mechanical properties of chalk? 427

R.I. Korsnes, S. Strand, Ø. Hoff, T. Pedersen, M.V. Madland &T. Austad

The change of P-wave velocity with temperature and humidity in granite 435

Y. Nara & K. Kaneko

3.2 Field experiments and case studies

Hydro-thermo-mechanical over-closure of joints and rock masses and

potential effects on the long term performance of nuclear waste repositories 445

N. Barton &A. Makurat

Swelling mechanisms in sulphate-bearing rocks 451

I.R. Berdugo, E.E. Alonso & E.E. Romero

A salt-cavern abandonment test in an LPG storage facility 455

P. Bérest, B. Brouard, P. de Laguérie, T. You, D. Fourmaintraux & J.Y. Héas

Mechanical decay and degradation of marble slabs 461

C.A. Garzonio & E. Cantisani

The hydromechanical behaviour of the Boom Clay observed during excavation

of the connecting gallery at Mol site 467

X.L. Li,W. Bastiaens & F. Bernier

Influence of topographic roughness on the stress state in a sloped rock-mass 473

V. Merrien-Soukatchoff, J. Sausse & C. Dünner

Failure mechanisms of the Opalinus Clay around underground excavations 479

T. Vietor, P. Blümling & G. Armand

3.3 Numerical simulations

Physical modelling and numerical simulation of long-term deformation

behaviour of indurated clay with special consideration of anisotropic effects

and in situ measurements 487

O. Czaikowski & K.-H. Lux

Poro-hypoplastic analysis of the progressive excavation of the Mol URL

connecting Gallery 493

J. Desrues, P. Bésuelle, C. Coll, F. Collin & X.L. Li

Discrete particle modelling as a tool in petroleum rock mechanics 499

R.M. Holt, L. Li, I. Larsen, S. Gorodkov & H.T.I. Alassi

Thermo-hydromechanical modeling in unsaturated hard clay and application

to nuclear waste storage 505

Y. Jia, G. Duveau, J.F. Shao, K. Su &Y.Wileveau

Modeling by homogenization of water drainage in double-porosity soils 513

J. Lewandowska, T.D. Tran Ngoc, M. Vauclin & H. Bertin

Suction and time effects on the behaviour of a reservoir chalk 519

G. Priol, V. De Gennaro, P. Delage, F. Collin & R. Charlier

Modelling of the hydro-mechanical processes around excavations in rock salt 527

A. Pudewills

4 Related topics

4.1 Theoretical concepts

Dimensionless charts for the GRC for rock masses exhibiting strain-softening

behaviour 533

E. Alonso, L.R. Alejano, F. Varas & G. Fdez-Manin

The New Geophysics: a new understanding of fluid-rock deformation 539

S. Crampin

An automated procedure to build failure envelopes and model the

Mohr-Coulomb criterion in the three-dimensional principal stresses

space from polyaxial test data 545

F. Descamps, E. Rodriguez & J.-P. Tshibangu

Geomechanical properties of fractured carbonate rock mass determined by

geophysical methods 551

A.F. Idziak & I. Stan-Kleczek

Predicting the physico-mechanical properties of igneous rocks from electrical

resistivity measurements 557

S. Kahraman, E. Ogretici, M. Fener &T. Yeken

4.2 Laboratory experiments

Development of a new experimental protocol to estimate the shear strength of

concrete-rock joints 563

G. Ballivy, C. Gravel &T. El Malki

Field applications for the scratching test 571

F. Dagrain & C. Germay

On the influence of PDC wear and rock type on friction coefficient and

cutting efficiency 577

F. Dagrain &T. Richard

Petrophysical deformation in faulted white chalk in Belgium 585

A. Darquennes, C. Schroeder & S. Vandycke

Roughness characterization of rock fractures surfaces 591

H. Legrain & J.-P. Tshibangu

Dynamic frictional behavior of rough rock joints by shaking table test 597

B.-K. Park, S. Jeon, J.-J. Song & C.-I. Lee

Point load strength determination of anisotropic rocks 603

H. Saroglou & G. Tsiambaos

A new procedure to analyse the wear of cutting elements 609

F. Van Quickelberghe, F. Dagrain, J.-P. Tshibangu &T. Richard

4.3 Field experiments and case studies

Different approaches to fracturation of marble rock – the case study of the

St Beat tunnel (French Pyrenees) 619

M. Gasc-Barbier, D. Virely, J. Guittard &V. Merrien-Soukatchoff

A case study of determining orientations of in-situ horizontal principal

stresses based on electrical images of borehole failures at a deep drilling project 625

W. Lin, E.-C. Yeh,W. Soh, M. Kinoshita, H. Ito & J.-H. Hung

The role of rock mechanics in analysing overbreak: application to the

Soumagne tunnel 631

R.M. Schmitz, S. Viroux, R. Charlier & S. Hick

Parametric study on the friction angle and dilation angle of intact rock and

discontinuities presented in the Siah Bisheh pumping storage hydro-electric

power project (HEPP) 637

N. Shafiezadeh & M. Bagheri

TBM Tunneling in adverse rock mass with emphasis on TBM Jamming

accident in Ghomrud water transfer tunnel 643

M. Sharifzadeh &A. Hemmati Shaabani

Foundation of a highway in a post-mining area by dynamic intensified

compaction, geotextile-reinforcement and piles 649


Long term behaviour and upgrading the stability of old dams 655


TBM performance prediction based on rock properties 663

S. Yagiz

Stress-released slope movement induced by excavation in fault zone 671

Z. Y. Yang, J.Q. Hsiao & H.H. Chen

4.4 Numerical simulations

Hydrogeological modelling of rock mass by MDS-IDW technique 677

K. Aoki &Y. Mito

Numerical borehole breakout analysis using FRACOD2D 683

T. Backers, O. Stephansson, I. Moeck, H.-G. Holl & E. Huenges

Discontinuum and continuum modeling of Masjed E Soleyman Power

House Cavern 689

M. Bagheri, N. Shafiezadeh & H.R. Hajihassani

Mechanical modeling of rock using a non-local elastoplastic damage model 695

A. Mohamad-Hussein & J.F. Shao

Numerical analysis of structural breakdown of compressed rock samples 701

M. Rinne, B. Shen & O. Stephansson

Author index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: