This book seeks to reassess the role of Europe in the end of the Cold War and the process of German unification.
Much of the existing literature on the end of the Cold War has focused primarily on the role of the superpowers and on that of the US in particular. This edited volume seeks to re-direct the focus towards the role of European actors and the importance of European processes, most notably that of integration. Written by leading experts in the field, and making use of newly available source material, the book explores "Europe" in all its various dimensions, bringing to the forefront of historical research previously neglected actors and processes. These include key European nations, endemic evolutions in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, European integration, and the pan-European process. The volume serves therefore to rediscover the transformation of 1989-90 as a European event, deeply influenced by European actors, and of great significance for the subsequent evolution of the continent.
'The contributors to this volume deserve praise for deconstructing a simple bipolar narrative and opening important new research vistas. Scholars and students of the Cold War will be well served by reading each of the thoughtful chapters in Europe and the End of the Cold War.'
Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Introduction: Who Won the Cold War in Europe? A Historiographical Overview Michael Cox. Perestroika and its Effects Revisited: Gorbachev’s New Thinking and Europe, 1985-1989 Marie-Pierre Rey. In the Name of Europe: Soviet Withdrawal from Eastern Europe Svetlana Savranskaya. Developments in Eastern Europe Rumblings in Eastern Europe: Western Pressure on Poland’s Moves towards Democratic Transformation Gregory F. Domber. The Catholic Church and the Cold War’s End in Europe: Vatican Ostpolitik and Pope John Paul II, 1985-1989 Bernd Schäfer. The International Context of Hungarian Transition, 1989: The View from Budapest László Borhi. German Unification between the Superpowers in the Name of Europe’s Future: Soviet, French, and British Qualms about Kohl’s Rush to German Unification Jacques Lévesque. Gorbachev’s Consent to United Germany’s Membership in NATO Hannes Adomeit. The US, German Unification and European Integration Robert L. Hutchings. German Unification: Seizing the Opportunity German Unification and European Integration are but Two Sides of One Coin: The FRG, Europe, and the Diplomacy of German Unification Helga Haftendorn. France, German Unification, and European Integration Frédéric Bozo. A Naturally Supportive Environment: The European Institutions and German Unification N. Piers Ludlow. German Unification: Concerns and Misgivings: The United Kingdom and German Unification Patrick Salmon. Italy, German Unification and the End of the Cold War Leopoldo Nuti. Soviet Disintegration and the Building of a New Europe From the Common European Home to the Confederation: François Mitterrand and Mikhail Gorbachev in Search of a Road to the Big Europe Andrei Grachev. International Reactions to Soviet Disintegration: The Case of the Baltic States Kristina Spohr Readman. Competing Visions in the Euro-Atlantic Area Eastern Europe and the Early Prospects for EC/EU and NATO Membership Vojtech Mastny. Helmut Kohl and the Maastricht Process Hans Stark. The EU, NATO and the Origins of CFSP & ESDP: Old Thinking, False Starts and New Imperatives Jolyon Howorth