This monograph addresses mobility and migrations as contributing phenomena in shaping contemporary Europe after 1945, in connection with decolonisation and the creation of the European Community. The disappearing of the colonial empires caused a large movement of people (former colonizers as well as formerly colonized people) from the extra-European countries to the "Old continent"; while the European integration project encouraged the movement of the citizens within the Community. The book retraces how, in both cases, migrations and mobility impacted the way national communities, as well as the European one, have been defining themselves and their real and imaginary boundaries.
Introduction, Giuliana Laschi, Valeria Deplano, and Alessandro Pes; PART I: Workers or citizens: European community faces mobility; 1. Movement but with limitations - mobility in the process of European integration: freedom, identity, citizenship and exclusion, Giuliana Laschi; 2. The Transition from colonialism to the migration policies in Europe, Toni Ricciardi; 3. The challenge of interdependence: international migration in the Euro-Mediterranean relations, Simone Paoli; PART II: Postcolonial returns; 4. Post-colonial migrants and the (re)making of Europe: citizenship regimes and post-colonial nations, Valeria Deplano; 5. Repatriates, refugees, or exiles? Decolonization and the Italian settlers’ return, 1941-1956, Emanuele Ertola; 6. A univocal special relationship: the idea of Eurafrica at the economic conference of the European movement, Alessandro Pes; 7. The Confédération européenne des spoliés d’outre-mer (CESOM): the transnational management of decolonisation, Marisa Fois; PART III: Refugees and displaced persons; 8. The emergence of free movement, refugees and voluntary migrants in recent European history, Gianluca Gerli; 9. Europe and the Latin American exile: from a revolutionary grammar to a human pight’s one, Gennaro Carotenuto; 10. The Common European Asylum System (CEAS) after the refugee crisis, Mattia Vitiello; PART IV: Migrants and citizens: policies in comparison; 11. Migration Policies in Europe from 1945: an overview, Michele Colucci; 12. The weight of France's colonial past on immigration policy, Alexis Spire; 13. Britain between identity politics and immigration: the Conservative approach from the Empire Windrush to the "rivers of blood" speech, 1948-1968, Eva Garau