1st Edition

European Fascist Movements A Sourcebook

Edited By Roland Clark, Tim Grady Copyright 2023
    426 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    426 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume offers a fresh and original collection of primary sources on interwar European fascist movements. These sources reflect new approaches to fascism that emphasise the practical, transnational experience of fascism as a social movement, contextualising ideological statements within the historical moments they were produced.

    Divided into 18 geographically based chapters, contributors draw together the history of various fascist and right-wing movements, selecting sources that reflect themes such as transnational ties, aesthetics, violence, female activism, and the instrumentalisation of race, gender, and religion. Each chapter provides a chronological, narrative account of movements interspersed with complete primary sources, from political speeches, internal movement circulars and articles, police reports, oral history, songs and music, photographs, artworks, poetry, and anti-fascist sources. The volume as a whole seeks to introduce readers to the diversity of fascist groups across the continent, to show how fascist groups were constituted through social bonds, rather than around fixed ideologies, and to capture the inexperience and ad hoc character of early fascist groups.

    With an Introduction that explains the volume’s theoretical approach and elaborates on the chronology of European fascism, this is the perfect sourcebook for any student of Modern European history and politics.


    The book is accompanied by a free app, available for download for iOS and Android from: https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/it/app-directory/fascistmovements/

    You can use the app to identify places where fascist groups were active during the 1920s and 1930s, and to get a glimpse of what life was like during ‘the age of fascism’. The app includes interactive maps, descriptions of 76 points of interest, and images for each point of interest.

    European Fascist Movements: An Introduction

    Roland Clark and Tim Grady

    1. Italy

    Marco Bresciani

    2. Germany

    Tim Grady

    3. Austria

    Janek Wasserman

    4. Belgium

    Bruno De Wever

    5. Britain

    Louis Dean and Matthew Feldman

    6. Croats

    Goran Miljan

    7. Finland

    Marja Jalava

    8. France

    Chris Millington

    9. Hungary

    Rudolf Paksa

    10. Ireland

    Fearghal McGarry

    11. Latvia

    Paula A. Opperman

    12. Netherlands

    Nathaniël D. B. Kunkeler

    13. Romania

    Roland Clark

    14. Slovaks

    James Mace Ward

    15. Spain

    Judith Keene

    16. Czechoslovakia’s Germans

    Nancy M. Wingfield

    17. Sweden

    Nathaniël D. B. Kunkeler

    18. Ukrainians

    Per A. Rudling


    Roland Clark is a Reader in Modern European History at the University of Liverpool. He is the author of Holy Legionary Youth (2015) and Sectarianism and Renewal in 1920s Romania (2021) as well as numerous articles and book chapters. His research interests include fascism, social movements, antisemitism, the Holocaust, and religion.

    Tim Grady is Professor of Modern European History at the University of Chester. His most recent book is A Deadly Legacy: German Jews and the Great War (2017). His research focusses on war, memory, and the contested legacies of conflict.

    "This is an important collection of sources, many available in English for the first time. European Fascist Movements gives the lie to the fascists’ own claims to be unified, well-organised and ideologically rigorous, showing instead how they grew in an ad hoc and reactive fashion, shape-shifting as circumstances demanded."

    Professor Dan Stone, Royal Holloway, University of London

    "This book is the product of a unique convergence of experts across the widest possible range of country case studies who have supplied the best of their expertise, not only in terms of framing narratives but also in terms of curating lists of previously unknown to most primary sources …What it also manages to do is to be supremely useful to students of fascism while also acquainting more advanced researchers with sources that they would not have come across before."

    Professor Aristotle Kallis, Keele University