When the financial markets collapsed in 2008, the media industry was affected by a major slump in advertising revenues, and a formerly highly successful business model fell into a state of decay. This economic crisis has threatened core social values of contemporary democracies, such as freedom, diversity and equality. Taking a normative and policy perspective, this book discusses threats and opportunities for the media industry in Europe: What are the implications of the crisis for professional journalism, the media industry, and the process of political communication? Can non- state and non-market actors profit from the crisis? And what are media policy answers at the national and European level?
Foreword Denis McQuail Introduction Josef Trappel, Jeanette Steemers and Barbara Thomass Part 1: European Media in Crisis: Problems, Perspectives and Definitions 1. What Media Crisis? Normative Starting Points Barbara Thomass, Hannu Nieminen, Josef Trappel and Werner A. Meier 2. Systemic Media Changes and Social and Political Polarization in Europe Auksė Balčytienė and Kristina Juraitė Part 2: Media Industry Crises and Transformations 3. European Communication and Information Industries in Times of Crisis: Continuities and Transformations Laura Bergés and Stelios Papathanassopoulos 4. Broadcasting is Dead. Long Live Television: Perspectives from Europe Jeanette Steemers 5. Crisis of the Commercial Media Josef Trappel, Laura Bergés and Elena Vartanova Part 3: Crisis in Journalism Values, Public Communication and Representation 6. Safeguarding Newsroom Autonomy: Tensions Between the Ideal and the Actual Karin Raeymaeckers, Elena Vartanova and Auksė Balčytienė 7. Crisis of the News: The Framing of the Euro Crisis and the ‘Greek Problem’ Leen d’Haenens, Willem Joris and Stylianos Papathanassopoulos 8. Gender and Media in Times of Crises Karen Ross and Claudia Padovani 9. A Crisis in Political Communication? Stylianos Papathanassopoulos and Ralph Negrine Part 4: Looking to the Future: Policy Perspectives 10. Challenges and Confusion in Media Regulation: A Four Country Comparison Hannu Nieminen, Claudia Padovani, Helena Sousa and Alessandro D’Arma 11. Renewing the Public Service Media Remit Leen d’Haenens, Hallvard Moe and Barbara Thomass 12. Can Civil Society Mitigate Consequences of Crises? Anker Brink Lund Conclusions 13. Grappling with Post-Democracy: Media Policy Options Werner A. Meier and Josef Trappel