European Memory in Populism: Representations of Self and Other, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

European Memory in Populism

Representations of Self and Other, 1st Edition

Edited by Chiara De Cesari, Ayhan Kaya

Routledge

320 pages | 42 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138318113
pub: 2019-09-25
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Description

European Memory in Populism explores the links between memory and populism in contemporary Europe. Focusing on circulating ideas of memory, especially European memory, in contemporary populist discourses, the book also analyses populist ideas in sites and practices of remembrance that usually tend to go unnoticed. More broadly, the theoretical heart of the book reflects upon the similarities, differences, and slippages between memory, populism, nationalism, and cultural racism and the ways in which social memory contributes to give substance to various ideas of what constitutes the ‘people’ in populist discourse and beyond.

Bringing together a group of political scientists, anthropologists, and cultural and memory studies scholars, the book illuminates the relationship between memory and populism from different angles and in different contexts. The contributors to the volume discuss dominant notions of European heritage that circulate in the public sphere and in political discourse, and consider how the politics of fear relates to such notions of European heritage and identity across and beyond Europe and the European Union. Ultimately, this volume will shed light on how notions of a shared European heritage and memory can be used not only to include and connect Europeans, but also to exclude some of them.

Investigating the ways in which nationalist populist forces mobilize the idea of a shared, homogeneous European civilization, European Memory in Populism will be of interest to scholars and students in the fields of European studies, heritage and memory studies, migration studies, anthropology, political science and sociology.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Ayhan Kaya and Chiara De Cesari

1. European heritage and cultural racism

Chiara De Cesari

2. The texture(s) of memory: Rugs and the materialities of urban fears

Luiza Bialasiewicz and Lora Sariaslan

3. The Mediterranean as a mirror and ghost of the colonial past: The role of cultural memory in the production of populist narratives

Gabriele Proglio

4. Commemorating the Holocaust and forgetting colonialism and slavery: A comparative analysis of Europe and the USA

Markha G. Valenta

5. Memory cultures of conflict and peace in contemporary Dresden

Susannah Eckersley

6. European history, heritage and culture as political tools in the rhetoric of the Finns Party

Tuuli Lähdesmäki

7. ‘A great bliss to keep the sensation of conquest alive!’: The colonial politics of remembering the fall of Constantinople in Istanbul and Athens

Gönül Bozoğlu

8. Populism, anti-racism, and museums in the Netherlands: Colonial afterlives in neoliberal times

Markus Balkenhol and Wayne Modest

9. A conservative state elite use of the (colonial) past in Portugal

Manuel Loff

10. Memory and transitional justice in postcommunist Poland

Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski

11. Memory of and memory against the People: the Mizrahi memory surge in Israel

Hilla Dayan

12. The Use of the past in populist political discourse

Ayhan Kaya and Ayşe Tecmen

13. Review on two paradigmatic monuments/memorialisations to totalitarian crimes

Gal Kirn

14. Concluding Remarks

Ruth Wodak

About the Editors

Chiara De Cesari is Senior Lecturer in European Studies and Cultural Studies at the University of Amsterdam. She is the author of Heritage and the Cultural Struggle for Palestine (Stanford University Press, 2019), and co-editor of Transnational Memories (de Gruyter, 2014, with Ann Rigney). She has published widely in journals such as Current Anthropology, American Anthropologist, Museum Anthropology, Memory Studies and the International Journal of Middle East Studies. Her research focuses on memory, heritage and cultural politics, and how they intersect with current transformation of the nation-state form; memories of colonialism and cultural racism in Europe; the transnational museum; Palestine/Israel. Her most recent project explores the globalization of contemporary art and forms of creative institutionalism and statecraft.

Ayhan Kaya is Professor of Politics and Jean Monnet Chair of European Politics of Interculturalism at the Department of International Relations, Istanbul Bilgi University. He received his PhD and MA degrees at the University of Warwick, UK. Some of his latest books are Turkish Origin Migrants and their Descendants: Hyphenated Identities in Transnational Space (Palgrave, 2018), Islam, Migration and Integration: The Age of Securitization (Palgrave, 2012) and Europeanization and Tolerance in Turkey (Palgrave, 2013).

About the Series

Critical Heritages of Europe

The Critical Heritages of Europe series seeks to explore the cultural and social politics of the European past in the present. Bridging theoretical and empirical research, the series accommodates broad understandings of Europe – a shifting and historically mutable entity, made both of internal tensions and exogenous encounters, re-imaginings and influences. ‘Heritage’ too is taken as an expansive paradigm, made in myriad practices where the past is valorised for the present, from folk traditions to museums and memorials, the management of historic sites and traditions, and everyday matters such as education, political discourse, home life, food consumption and people’s relations with place.

Books in the series engage with European heritages in critical times – in all senses – when Europe and mobilizations of its heritages and memories are called upon to solve problems, and when contests over the meanings of the past are part of wider social and political relations and tensions. Heritage practices are variously informed by civil and uncivil visions, the politics of difference and co-presence, difficult pasts, relations with the ‘outside’, borders, margins, and migrations. Critical questions include:

  • What is the European past made to do in the present and for the future?
  • What counts as European heritage? To whom, and why?
  • How and why do relationships with, and attitudes to, the past inform identity positions, social orders and moral values in, or in relation to, Europe?
  • When and where in the (wider) world do European heritages configure identities?
  • What are the contemporary meanings and effects of global encounters, mobilities and trajectories in which Europe has played roles?
  • What theoretical and critical perspectives can be articulated to contribute new understandings of European heritages? How might these be made relevant for current and future heritage practice?
  • What are the relations between theory, criticality, ethics and heritage practice in the European dimension?

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS010000
HISTORY / Europe / General
LAN025000
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Library & Information Science / General
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General
SOC003000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology