Making sense of the perplexing diversity of Europe is a challenging task. How compatible are national identities in Europe? What makes Europe European? What do Europeans have in common?
European National Identitiesexplores the diversity of European states, nations, and peoples. In doing so, the editors focus on the origins and elements of different national identities in Europe and different themes of national self-understanding. Each chapter contributes a unique view of national identities gravitating around myth, historical experiences and traumas, values, ethnic and linguistic differences, and religious fault lines.
This work grounds European national identities within cultural, historical, and political dynamics, which makes the work approachable for many readers, including historians, sociologists, and political scientists. In addition, the editors illustrate that national identities continue to be a source of contention and a challenge to political developments, the demands of immigrants and minorities, and the dynamics of European integration. This book draws particular attention to identity shifts and conflicts within individual European countries.
1 Introduction: Making Sense of European National Identities and Diversity
Roland Vogt and Wayne Cristaudo
2 Belgium: A Nation-State without a National Identity?
3 A Riven Nation: Old versus New Britain
4 France: Between the Individual and the Universal
5 German National Identity: Moving beyond Guilt
Roland Vogt and Chong Li
6 Greek Identity: Between Hellenism and Europeanism
Georgios Repousis and Andreas Leutzsch
7 Italy: One Nation, Three Republics, and a Thousand Identities
8 "The Chinese of Europe?" Dutch Identities on Trial
9 Poland: A Nation of the In-Between
10 Portugal: A Future's Past between Land and Sea
11 Russia's Nostalgic Present
12 Spain: One Country, Many Regional Identities
13 Sweden: Social Solitariness
Kristina Tolinsson Ting
14 Turkey as Borderland: Inside Europe, Outside, or In-Between?
15 From "Yugoslavism" to (Post-) Yugoslav Nationalisms: Understanding Yugoslav Identities
16 Yugoslavs and Europeans: A Tale of Two Supranational Identities
17 European Identities: Multiple Forms of a Contested Concept