This book reflects on the questions raised by the European Election Study 2004 whose analytical focus was on the legitimacy of EU politics after Eastern enlargement. It also assesses the dynamics and the contents of the campaign, on the determinants of the extremely low turnout in the new countries, and on the reasons of voter choice in West and East.
The book also examines the first European Parliament election after the post-communist countries of Eastern Europe joined the European Union. The central question is: what has changed? Are the voters in the new member countries different and if so, why? Did the Union suffer from a loss of democratic legitimacy after Eastern enlargement?
Each chapter is empirical-analytical; most are based on the post-election surveys of the group that were conducted in all but one of the 25 member countries, others focus on the results of content analyses of news media and party manifestos.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.
1. Introduction Hermann Schmitt European Attitudes 2. Attitudes to European Integration: Investigating East–West Heterogeneity John Garry and James Tilley 3. Dynamics in European Political Identity Angelika Scheuer and Hermann Schmitt The EU Party System 4. The EU Party System after Eastern Enlargement Hermann Schmitt and Jacques Thomassen 5. The Support Base of Radical Right Parties in the Enlarged European Union Wouter van der Brug and Meindert Fennema Electoral Participation and Vote Choice 6. Turning Out or Turning Off: Do Mobilization and Attitudes Account for Turnout Differences between New and Established Member States at the 2004 EP Elections? Bernhard Wessels and Mark N. Franklin 7. Vote Switching in European Parliament Elections: Evidence from June 2004 Michael Marsh 8. Second-Order Elections versus First-Order Thinking: How Voters Perceive the Representation Process in a Multi-Layered System of Governance Nick Clark and Robert Rohrschneider 9. The Clarity of Policy Alternatives, Left–Right and the European Parliament Vote in 2004 Andre Freire, Marina Costa Lobo and Pedro Magalhaes
The Journal of European Integration book series is designed to make the Special Issues accessible to a wider audience. All of the themes covered by the Special Issues and the series are carefully selected with regard to the topicality of the questions addressed in the individual volumes, as well as to the quality of the contributions. The result is a series of books that are sufficiently short to appeal to the curious reader, but that also offer ample depth of analysis to appeal to the more specialist reader, with contributions from leading academics.