This book presents an overview of European political thought from the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815 to the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 by placing the major ideas within their historical context, including discussions of major twentieth-century totalitarian movements.
Introduction: The Scope of Modem European Politics Part One: From Elites to Masses 1. Restoration Models and Utopian Constructions, 1815–1830 2. Early Liberalism 3. Hegel: From Civil Society to State 4. Jacobin Equality and National Liberation 5. Democracy, Society, and Liberalism 6. Liberal Democracy 7. The Class Struggle: Socialism, Communism, and Social Democracy 8. Anarchism 9. Social Science and Politics 10. The Authoritarian State and Antiparliamentarism 11. Popular Nationalism Part Two: Age of the Masses 13. Russian Communism 14. Italian Fascism 15. German Nazism 16. Opposing the One-Party State 17. The West: Marxism Versus Capitalism 18. Eastern Europe Versus the Soviet System 19. Models in Western European Political Thought