Eutrophication Processes in Coastal Systems: Origin and Succession of Plankton Blooms and Effects on Secondary Production in Gulf Coast Estuaries, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Eutrophication Processes in Coastal Systems

Origin and Succession of Plankton Blooms and Effects on Secondary Production in Gulf Coast Estuaries, 1st Edition

By Robert J. Livingston

CRC Press

352 pages

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pub: 2000-11-27
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Description

Derived from an unprecedented research effort covering over 31 years in a series of studies of 7 major river-estuaries, Eutrophication Processes in Coastal Systems presents a comprehensive and current review of the nature of the eutrophication process and how short- and long-term nutrient loading affects marine systems. This unique book is the culmination of the most advanced research to date on how coastal systems work.

Based on an 11 year interdisciplinary study of the Perdido Bay System, Dr. Robert J. Livingston's groundbreaking work offers evidence for significant findings such as:

  • Nutrient concentration gradients in fresh water as it entered the bay were stimulatory to phytoplankton blooms

  • Species that showed distinctive seasonal and interannual successions dominated plankton blooms

  • High relative dominance of bloom species was associated with significant reduction of phytoplankton species richness and diversity

  • The blooms were associated with major reductions of infaunal and epibenthic macroinvertibrates, forcing a serious disruption of the food webs and losses of secondary production

    Eutrophication Processes in Coastal Ecosystems goes beyond its innovative analyses of how estuarine and coastal systems have responded to fundamental alterations of the eutrophication process. Dr. Livingston's book presents the case that bloom impacts must be reviewed against the background conditions that include periodic changes brought on by drought and anthropogenous dredging. It points to the critical need for further study of phytoplankton communities and the connection between plankton blooms, sediment deterioration, and low secondary production.

  • Reviews

    "The strength of the book is in its emphasis on interdisciplinary science as an essential approach to ecosystem research…In summary, this book is valuable reading to researchers and regulators dealing with the eutrophication issue. It provides a comprehensive assessment of ecosystem properties in one region, the northeastern Gulf of Mexico estuaries, and opens the possibility that the principles and mechanisms of eutrophication demonstrated here may be applicable to other regions. However, the book also succeeds on another level. It serves as an instructional treatise on what is required to adequately evaluate the eutrophication process."

    -COPEIA, February 2002

    "…an extremely valuable addition to the reference libraries of researchers working in northern Gulf of Mexico estuaries. This volume should also prove to be particularly useful to person involved in studies and discussions related to the effects of coastal eutrophication and the ultimate fate and results of nutrient load in our estuaries."

    - Ecology, 83(2), 2002

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    Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION

    Eutrophication Processes

    Aspects of Excessive Nutrient Loading

    Plankton Response to Nutrient Loading

    Phytoplankton Blooms and the HAB Concept

    Natural History of HABs

    Phytoplankton as Indicators of Water Quality

    Food Web Response to Nutrient Loading

    NORTHEAST GULF OF MEXICO

    Physiography

    Regional Geology

    Climate

    River Flow

    Tides

    Aquatic Habitats

    PRIMARY STUDY SITES

    Apalachee Bay (Econfina and Fenholloway River-Estuaries)

    Apalachicola River and Bay System

    The Choctawhatchee River and Bay System

    The Pensacola River and Bay System

    The Perdido River and Bay System

    THE PERDIDO BAY SYSTEM: EUTROPHICATION PROCESSES AND PLANKTON BLOOMS

    Introduction

    River Flow Trends

    Nutrient Dynamics

    Sediment Quality

    Water Quality: Spatial/Temporal Trends

    Long-Term Phytoplankton Trends In Perdido Bay

    EFFECTS OF BLOOMS ON SECONDARY PRODUCTION

    Introduction

    Bay-wide Trends of Invertebrates and Fishes

    COMPARISON OF GULF COASTAL SYSTEMS

    Habitat Conditions

    Salinity Stratification and Habitat Deterioration

    Nutrient Loading and Nutrient Concentrations

    Water Quality

    Sediment Comparisons

    Phytoplankton Organization

    Food Web Response to Plankton

    Organization

    RESTORATION, RESEARCH, AND

    REGULATION

    Restoration of the Perdido System

    "Ecosystem" Research

    Information, Regulatory "Action", and Political Control

    CONCLUSIONS

    SUMMARY OF RESULTS

    About the Series

    CRC Marine Science

    Learn more…

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    SCI011000
    SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
    SCI026000
    SCIENCE / Environmental Science
    SCI039000
    SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology
    SCI086000
    SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General