Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction  book cover
1st Edition

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

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ISBN 9780367470067
March 7, 2022 Forthcoming by Routledge
600 Pages 40 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This ground-breaking book advances the fundamental debate about the nature of addiction. As well as presenting the case for seeing addiction as a brain disease, it brings together all the most cogent and penetrating critiques of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA) and the main grounds for being skeptical of BDMA claims.

The idea that addiction is a brain disease dominates thinking and practice worldwide. However, the editors of this book argue that our understanding of addiction is undergoing a revolutionary change, from being considered a brain disease to a disorder of voluntary behavior. The resolution of this controversy will determine the future of scientific progress in understanding addiction, together with necessary advances in treatment, prevention, and societal responses to addictive disorders. This volume brings together the various strands of the contemporary debate about whether or not addiction is best regarded as a brain disease. Contributors offer arguments for and against, and reasons for uncertainty; they also propose novel alternatives to both brain disease and moral models of addiction. In addition to reprints of classic articles from the addiction research literature, each section contains original chapters written by authorities on their chosen topic. The editors have assembled a stellar cast of chapter authors from a wide range of disciplines – neuroscience, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and law – including some of the most brilliant and influential voices in the field of addiction studies today.

The result is a landmark volume in the study of addiction which will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in addiction as well as professionals such as medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists of all varieties, and social workers.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

General Introduction

Nick Heather, Matt Field, Antony Moss and Sally Satel

Section I: For the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

  1. Introduction to Section I
  2. Matt Field, Antony Moss, Sally Satel and Nick Heather

  3. Addiction is a Brain Disease, and it Matters
  4. Alan I. Leshner - Reprinted from: Science, 278, 45-47, 1997

  5. Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction
  6. Nora D. Volkow, George F. Koob, and A. Thomas McLellan – Reprinted from New England Journal of Medicine, 374, 363-371, 2016

  7. Time to Connect: Bringing Social Context into Addiction Neuroscience
  8. Markus Heilig, David H. Epstein, Michael A. Nader and Yavin Shaham – Reprinted from Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 17, 592-599, 2016.

  9. Drug Addiction: Updating Actions to Habits to Compulsions Ten Years on
  10. Barry J. Everitt and Trevor W. Robbins , B. - Reprinted from Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 23-50, 2016.

  11. Is Addiction a Brain Disease? The Incentive-Sensitization View
  12. Kent Berridge

  13. Addiction is a Brain Disease (But Does it Matter?)
  14. Gabriel Segal

    Section II: Against the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

  15. Introduction to Section II
  16. Sally Satel, Nick Heather, Antony Moss and Matt Field

  17. Giving the Neurobiology of Addiction No More Than its Due
  18. Wayne Hall, Adrian Carter & Cynthia Forlini

  19. The Brain Disease Model of Addiction: Is it Supported by the Evidence and has it Delivered on its Promises?
  20. Wayne Hall, Adrian Carter and Cynthia Forlini – Reprinted from Lancet Psychiatry, 2, 105-110, 2015.

  21. Brain Disease Model of Addiction: Why is it so Controversial?
  22. Nora D. Volkow and George Koob - Reprinted from Lancet Psychiatry, 2, 677-679, 2015.

  23. Brain Disease Model of Addiction: Misplaced Priorities?
  24. Wayne Hall, Adrian Carter & Cynthia Forlini - Reprinted from Lancet Psychiatry, 2, 867, 2015.

  25. Addiction and the Brain-Disease Fallacy
  26. Sally Satel and Scott O. Lilienfeld – Reprinted from Frontiers in Psychiatry, 4, 141, 2014.

  27. Recovery is Possible: Overcoming ‘Addiction’ and its Rescue Hypotheses
  28. Derek Heim and Rebecca L. Monk

  29. Superpower Rivalry, the American Grand Narrative, and the BDMA
  30. Bruce K. Alexander

  31. My Brain Disease Made Me Do It: Bioethical Implications of the Brain Disease Model of Addiction
  32. Frederick Rotgers

  33. Addiction is a Human Problem but Brain Disease Models Divert Attention and Resources Away from Human Level Solutions
  34. Richard Hammersley

  35. Before "Rock Bottom"? Problem Framing Effects on Stigma and Change Amongst Harmful Drinkers
  36. James Morris

  37. Brain Change in Addiction: Disease or Learning? Implications for Science, Policy, and Care
  38. Marc Lewis

  39. Brains or Persons? Is it Coherent to Ascribe Psychological Powers to Brains?
  40. Tim Leighton

  41. The Persistence of Addiction is Better Explained by Socioeconomic Deprivation Related Factors Powerfully Motivating Goal-Directed Drug Choice Than by Automaticity, Habit or Compulsion Theories Favoured by the Brain Disease Model
  42. Lee Hogarth

  43. Addiction and Criminal Responsibility: The Law’s Rejection of the Disease Model
  44. Stephen J. Morse

  45. One Cheer for the Brain Disease Interpretation of Addiction
  46. Gene Heyman

    Section III: Unsure About the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

  47. Introduction to Section III
  48. Nick Heather, Sally Satel, Matt Field and Antony Moss

  49. In Search of Addiction in the Brains of Laboratory Animals
  50. Serge H. Ahmed

  51. Addiction Treatment Providers' Engagements with the Brain Disease Model of Addiction
  52. Anthony Barnett, Michael Savic, Martyn Pickersgill, Kerry O’Brien, Dan I. Lubman and Adrian Carter

  53. Balancing the Ethical and Methodological Pros and Cons of the BDMA.
  54. Susanne Uusitalo, and Jaakko Kuorikoski

  55. The Making of the Epistemic Project of Addiction in the Brain
  56. Matilda Hellman and Michael Egerer

  57. Addiction and the Meaning of Disease
  58. Hanna Pickard

  59. The Pitfalls of Recycling Substance Use Disorder Criteria to Diagnose Behavioral Addictions
  60. Maèva Flayelle, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic and Joël Billieux

    Section IV: Alternatives to the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

  61. Introduction to Section IV
  62. Antony Moss, Matt Field, Sally Satel and Nick Heather

  63. Addiction is Socially Engineered Exploitation of Natural Biological Vulnerability
  64. Don Ross - Reprinted from: Behavioural Brain Research 386 (2020) 112598 Online.

  65. Toward an Ecological Understanding of Addiction
  66. Darin Weinberg

  67. Addiction Biases Choice in the Mind, Brain and Behavior System: Beyond the Brain Disease Model
  68. Paul F. M. J. Verschure and Reinout W. Wiers

  69. Multiple Enactments of the Brain Disease Model: Which Model, When, for Whom and at What Cost?
  70. Helen Keane, David Moore, and Suzanne Fraser

  71. The Social Perspective and the BDMA’s Entry into the Non-Medical Stronghold in Sweden and Other Nordic Countries
  72. Jessica Storbjörk, Lena Eriksson and Katarina Winter

  73. Beyond the Medical Model: Addiction as a Response to Trauma and Stress
  74. Gabor Maté,

  75. Psychotherapeutic Strategies to Enhance Motivation and Cognitive Control
  76. Frank Ryan

  77. Addiction is Not (Only) in the Brain: Molar Behavioral Economic Models of Etiology and Cessation of Harmful Substance Use
  78. Samuel F. Acuff, Jalie A. Tucker, Rudy E. Vuchinich, and and James Murphy

  79. Understanding Substance Use Disorders Among Veterans: Virtues of the Multitudinous Self Model
  80. Serife Tekin, Alicia A. Swan, Willie J. Hale, and Mary Jo Pugh

  81. How an Addiction Ontology can Unify Competing Conceptualizations of Addiction
  82. Robert Kelly, Janna Hastings, and Robert West

  83. Looping Processes in the Development of and Desistance from Addictive Behaviours
  84. Anja Koski-Jännes

  85. Recovery and Identity: A Socially-Focussed Challenge to Brain Disease Models
  86. Beth Collinson and David Best

  87. Replacing the BDMA: A Paradigm Shift in the Field of Addiction

          Bruce K. Alexander

Concluding Comments

Nick Heather, Antony Moss, Matt Field, and Sally Satel

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Nick Heather is Emeritus Professor of Alcohol & Other Drug Studies in the Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences at Northumbria University, UK. A clinical psychologist by training, he is mainly interested in research on treatment and brief interventions for alcohol problems and in theories of addiction.

Matt Field is a Professor of Psychology at the University of Sheffield, UK where he conducts research into the psychological mechanisms that underlie the development, persistence, and recovery from addiction.

Antony C. Moss is Professor of Addictive Behaviour Science in the Centre for Addictive Behaviours Research, London South Bank University, UK. His interests include theories of addiction, public health aspects and prevention of addictive behaviour, and understanding the needs of individuals and groups who have historically been overlooked in research, treatment, and policy.

Sally Satel is an addiction psychiatrist. She treats patients at a methadone clinic in Washington DC, USA and is interested in conceptual frameworks of addiction.