Evaluation in Rural Communities: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Evaluation in Rural Communities

1st Edition

By Allyson Kelley

Routledge

198 pages | 20 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2018-12-13
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Description

Does a program work? What is the value? How do we know? These are questions that keep evaluators up at night. Continued rural community funding, employment, health, and justice depend on our answers to these questions. For evaluators working in rural communities, the task is great, but the return is even greater. Now more than ever before, evaluators have an opportunity to impact social change in rural America.

Beginning with an introduction of rural community evaluation, Evaluation in Rural Communities highlights the differences in approaches to evaluation in rural areas, supported by case studies that illustrate key themes and objectives. It explores a number of issues, including

• sustainability

• policy

• cost–benefit analysis

• rural community evaluation as a platform to support social change.

In particular, readers will also learn how to overcome rural community challenges, such as limited resources, the digital divide, limited funding, lower employment and educational attainment, limited opportunities for social interactions, and the distrust of outsiders.

Blending aspects of community-based participatory research, empowerment evaluation, and program evaluation methods, this book is an accessible yet nuanced guide that integrates critical thinking, problem solving, social and political contexts, and outcomes related to evidence-based evaluation.

Table of Contents

List of figures, tables, and boxes; Foreword; Preface; Chapter 1. An Introduction to Evaluation in Rural Communities; Rural Communities; Evaluation; Rural Evaluation; Paradigms; Why a Text Dedicated to Rural Evaluation?; The Rural Evaluation Process; Implementing, Planning, and Sustaining Rural Programs; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Chapter 2. Context of Rural Community Evaluation; Context and Place; Characteristics of Rural America; Health; Employment and Economy; Poverty; Technology, Healthcare, Education, and Natural Resources; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Chapter 3. Cultural Competence in Evaluation; What is Culture?; Understanding the Terms; Guiding Principles for Rural Evaluators; A Changing Culture; Tools for Assessing an Evaluator's Cultural Competence; Examples of Standards that Support Cultural Competence in Evaluation; Culturally Competent Resources; Case Examples with Specific Cultures in Rural America; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Chapter 4. Evaluation Approaches, Models, and Designs; Evaluation Approach; Evaluation Approaches Frequently used in Rural Communities; Process and Formative Evaluation; Impact and Outcome Evaluation; Performance Monitoring; Performance Assessment; Economic Evaluation; Evaluation Model; Evaluation Design; Research and Evaluation; Selecting the Right Approach for Rural Evaluation; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Chapter 5. The Rural Community Evaluation Process; Planning; Engaging Stakeholders and Community Members; Goals and Objectives in the Evaluation Plan; Identify Resources Available; Community Concerns: The Needs of the Community; Work Plan; Designing the Evaluation Plan; Theories; Time Lines; Data Collection Plan; Institutional Review Boards; Performance Measures and Outcomes; Plan for Sharing Results; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Chapter 6. How to Collect and Analyze Data in Rural Communities; Types of Data Used; Process; Data Sources; Quantitative Data Collection Methods; Qualitative Data Collection Methods; Other Data Collection Methods and Sources; Data Quality; Preparing the Data; Data Analysis; Analyzing Quantitative Data; Qualitative Data Analysis; Mixed Methods Data Analysis; Software; Learnings. Limitations. Assumptions from the Data; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Exercises; Activities; References; Chapter 7. Documenting the Process, Outcome/ Impact, and Economic Program Evaluation; Formative Evaluation; Process Evaluation; Outcome Evaluation; Impact Evaluation; Assessment; Economic Evaluation; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Activities; References; Chapter 8. Reporting and Application of Rural Evaluation Findings; Reporting Evaluation Findings; Presenting Data; Basic Elements of an Evaluation Report; Communicating Evaluation Results; Recommendations for Applying Evaluation Findings; Best Practices for Disseminating Results; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Activities; References; Chapter 9. Practical Issues for Rural Evaluators; Challenges for Rural Evaluators from the Field; Overall Challenges from Published Literature; Fit; Hiring an Evaluator, Contracts and Agreements; Cost of Rural Evaluation; Other Cost Considerations; Opportunities for Rural Evaluators; Education and Professional Associations; Summary; Points to Remember; Additional Reading and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Chapter 10. Sustainability and Final Thoughts for Rural Evaluators; Sustaining Outcomes; What is a Sustainability Plan?; What Factors Influence Sustainability?; Sustained Impacts; Funding Future Work; Utilizing Evaluation for Policy Change and Community Transformation; Summary; Final Thoughts; Points to Remember; Additional Readings and Resources; Chapter Questions; Practice; References; Appendix A Logic Model; Appendix B Evaluation Data Collection; Appendix C Institutional Review Board; Appendix D Forms and Examples; Index

About the Author

Allyson Kelley is an Evaluation Scientist with interests in building communities' capacities to address the cultural, social, and environmental factors that contribute differences in health. She has numerous peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, and unpublished evaluation reports that highlight her work in rural America. Her efforts have resulted in the funding and implementation of several successful programs aimed at building the capacity to address disparities using a strength-based approach.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HEA028000
HEALTH & FITNESS / Health Care Issues
MED003000
MEDICAL / Allied Health Services / General
SOC025000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Social Work