© 2000 – Routledge
Evaluation, from connotations to complex judgements of value, is probably the most neglected dimension of meaning. Calling for a new understanding of truth and value, this book is a comprehensive study of evaluation in natural language, at lexical, syntactic and discursive levels. Jean Pierre Malrieu explores the cognitive foundations of evaluation and uses connectionist networks to model evaluative processes. He takes into account the social dimension of evaluation, showing that ideological contexts account for evaluative variability. A discussion of compositionality and opacity leads to the argument that a semantics of evaluation has some key advantages over truth-conditional semantics and as an example Malrieu applies his evaluative semantics to a complex Shakespeare text. His connectionist model yields a mathematical estimation of the consistency of text with ideology, and is particularly useful in the identification of subtle rhetorical devices such as irony.
Introduction 1. Ideology and Discourse 2. Evaluation and Cognition 3 . Interpretative Shortcuts 4. Evaluative Semantics 5. Semantic Networks and Discourse Representation 6. Styled Semantic Networks 7. Dynamic Semantic Networks 8. Evaluation and Rhetorical Attitudes. Conclusion
Cognitive Science is a new interdisciplinary area including cognitive psychology, neuroscience, computer science, linguistics and philosophy.
In Frontiers of Cognitive Science authors from a range of backgrounds have been encouraged to present up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of a central area of current research interest.
New applied areas and emerging topics showing special promise will be particularly useful to researchers and graduate students wishing to access a new topic in this exciting field.