Evapotranspiration Covers for Landfills and Waste Sites: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Evapotranspiration Covers for Landfills and Waste Sites

1st Edition

By Victor L. Hauser

CRC Press

216 pages | 56 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420086515
pub: 2008-10-22
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Description

New, natural, self-renewing, and low-cost, evapotranspiration (ET) covers for landfills provide a solution to landfill waste that is clean, green, and economical. Evapotranspiration Covers for Landfills and Waste Sites examines the concept theory and the practical proof, then explains the technology, design, and application. It delineates the essential technology that governs successful application of ET covers and discusses how the technology meets the requirements for covers on landfills, mining waste, and other sites.

The book describes the design, construction, and maintenance of innovative ET covers for landfills and waste. The author discusses why several vegetative covers have failed and provides simple, inexpensive solutions. He examines the design and construction of ET covers and other methods, highlighting their differences and successful alternative construction methods. The text contains the first proposed performance measurements for conventional and innovative landfill covers based on the data collected at more than fifty-five sites. This data also provides the basis for an assessment of landfill cover performance, design, and the creation of the site-specific performance criteria presented in the book.

This is the first resource to explore the technology required to apply the ET cover concept to landfill waste, spill sites, mineland restoration, and similar waste sites. After thoroughly describing the concept, technology, design, construction, and maintenance of ET covers, the book explains how this cost-effective, practical, easily maintained, and self-renewing biological system should maintain its effectiveness for centuries.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Waste Disposal

Waste Containment

Covers for Landfill Containment

Laws and Regulations

Purpose

References

Landfill Remediation with Covers

Requirements for Landfill Covers

Risk-Based/Performance-Based (RB/PB) Remediation

Factors that Influence Remediation

Cover Selection

References

Conventional and Alternative Covers

Conventional Landfill Covers

Alternative Barriers for Covers

Alternative Covers

Performance of Barrier-type Covers

Performance of Alternative Covers

Focus of this Book

References

Evapotranspiration (ET) Landfill Covers

Definition

Differences

Concept Background and Proof

Recovery from Fire

Cost Comparison

Advantages and Disadvantages

Concept Extrapolation

References

Basic Technology

Soil

Plants

Plant Roots

Other Considerations

References

Climate, Weather and Water Balance

Climate and Weather

Hydrologic Water Balance

Measuring Hydrologic Water Balance

References

Potential Application

Limited Percolation

Increased Percolation for Waste Stabilization

Appropriate Use

References

ET Landfill Cover Design Steps

Site Characterization

Performance Criteria

Cover Type

Preliminary Design

Preliminary Cover Thickness

Final Design

Elements of Concept Extrapolation

References

Design Considerations

Weather

Soil

Plant Properties

Interaction of Plants, Soil, and Climate

Design Models

Critical Design Event

Layered ET Cover Soils

Soil Erosion

Landfill Settlement

Landfill Cover Slope

Safety Factor for Minimum Percolation

References

Construction

Soil

Soil Density and Strength

Soil Placement

Interim Soil Erosion Control

Grass Establishment

Drill Seeding in Standing Crop Residue

Irrigation

New Grass Establishment Methods

Construction Completion

References

Maintenance and Monitoring

Deep Percolation (PRK) Monitoring

Cover Integrity

Ground Water Monitoring

Vegetation Management

Grazing

Weed Control

Soil Fertility & Chemistry

Soil Density Control

References

Miscellany and Summary

Design and Prescriptive Rules

Allowable Leakage

Technical Resources

Research Needs

Summary

Appendix A: Reference Bibliography

Appendix B: Glossary of Terms

Appendix C: Acronyms

Index

About the Originator

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science