Everyday Linguistics : An Introduction to the Study of Language book cover
1st Edition

Everyday Linguistics
An Introduction to the Study of Language




  • Available for pre-order on June 20, 2023. Item will ship after July 11, 2023
ISBN 9780367219635
July 11, 2023 Forthcoming by Routledge
400 Pages 29 B/W Illustrations

FREE Standard Shipping
USD $54.95

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

This innovative introduction to linguistics connects language structure to everyday use, culture, and context, making the technicalities of language structure accessible, vivid and engaging.

The first text to take a socially realistic linguistics approach, this exciting new textbook situates discussions about the building blocks of language like phonetics, syntax and pragmatics within a social justice framework that recognizes that all language is shaped by sociocultural forces and reveals and reinforces ideologies. Uniquely, this text also introduces eco-linguistics, a new field that examines the relationship between language and its environment, again demonstrating how widely held views about language can have real-world consequences. Key features include:

  • "Linguistics in Your World" sections to connect concepts discussed with specific social issues
  • "L1 Acquisition in Focus" sections to relate key concepts to first language acquisition
  • "Explorations" sections at the end of each chapter to encourage students to test their knowledge, discuss in groups, and apply what they have learned to their own experiences
  • End-of-chapter summaries and key term lists to conclude the main lessons and highlights of each chapter
  • Recommendations for further reading

Everyday Linguistics: An Introduction to the Study of Language is an ideal starting point for students that are new to the study of language, and those not majoring in language study.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

1 INTRODUCTION

Diverse language experiences

Why study linguistics—and what is it anyway?

How we’ll study language

A socially realistic linguistics

Prescriptive and descriptive perspectives on language

Navigating your way through this book

References

2 A LANGUAGE IS A LANGUAGE, RIGHT?

Introduction

What is language?

Dialects, varieties, and languages

Design features of human language

Semanticity

Arbitrariness

Linguistics in your world: But that’s wrong, isn’t it?

What is grammar?

Cultural transmission and innateness

Displacement

Discreteness and duality

Productivity

Do animals have language?

Other characteristics of human language

Linguistic modes of communication

All languages change

When children learn language

All languages are structured and rule governed

Variation is a natural part of all languages

It ain’t necessarily so

Other so-called grammatical errors

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

3 MORPHOLOGY: WORD HISTORIES AND STRUCTURE

Introduction

Lexical categories

Words and their histories

Word formation processes

Borrowing or theft?

Modifying existing words

Glamour words?

Words and their structure

Types of morphemes

Free and bound morphemes

Roots, affixes, and stems

Derivational and inflectional morphemes

Derivational morphemes

Inflectional morphemes

Grammatical meaning

Linguistics in your world: he, she and/or they

Morphology in languages other than English

Hierarchical structure in words

L1 acquisition in focus: She comed, those mouses

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

4 PHONETICS: THE SOUNDS OF ENGLISH

Introduction

International Phonetic Alphabet

Classifying language sounds

Consonants and vowels

Voice

Consonants

Places of articulation

Manner of articulation

Nasal sounds

Oral sounds

Vowels

Natural classes

Accents

Prosody

Phonetics in your world: What’s in a name?

Phonetics in your world: Local acts of identity

Sign language phonetics

Phonetics in other languages

L1 acquisition in focus: Acquiring language sounds and signs

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

5 PHONOLOGY: WHY DO WE SAY IT LIKE THAT?

Introduction

Systematic structuring of sounds

Phonemes and allophones

Allophonic variation: Complementary distribution and free variation

Articulatory processes: Changing sounds

Assimilation

Dissimilation

Deletion

Epenthesis

Metathesis

Phonology in your world: ask vs aks revisited

Morphophonology

L1 acquisition in focus: Learning phonemes and more

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

A note about "correct" pronunciation

References

6 SYNTAX: ORDERING WORDS, MAKING SENTENCES

Introduction

Syntax and grammar

Constituents of a sentence

Phrase Structure Rules

Noun Phrases

Prepositional Phrases

Verb Phrases

Tree Diagrams

Recursion

Structural ambiguity

Structural relationships among sentences

Syntactic operations

Structural synonymity

Movement operations

Embedded sentences

Using syntax in writing

Universal Grammar

L1 acquisition in focus: Acquiring syntax

Syntax in your (natural) world: Do birds have syntax?

Syntax in other languages

A note about theory

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

7 SEMANTICS: RELATIONSHIPS AMONG WORDS

Introduction

Meaning and meanings

Semantic relations: Is salt the opposite of pepper?

Synonyms

Semantics in your world: Slurs and euphemisms

Antonyms

Semantics in your world: Complementarity

Semantics in your world: Markedness

Hyponymy and part/whole relationships

Homonymy and polysemy

Figurative language

Metaphors

Metonymy

Idioms

Semantic fields

Semantic roles and sentence meaning

Corpus linguistics

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

8 LANGUAGE IN EVERYDAY INTERACTION

Introduction

Discourse

Conversation patterns and organization

Opening and closing sequences

Linguistics in your world: Just saying hello

Turn-taking

Linguistics in your world: Stop interrupting me!

Silence

Pragmatics

Speech acts

Cooperative principle and maxims of conversation

Indirectness

Continuum of indirectness

Functions of indirectness

Language and social meaning: Context and identity

Register

Identity work

Politeness

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

9 LANGUAGE VARIATION AND SOCIETY

Introduction

A note about terminology

Structured variation

Regional variation

British English and North American English

Regional variation in the United States

Social variation: Sociolects

Social variation: Ethnolects

Hispanic English

Code switching/translanguaging

Sociolinguistics in your world: Mock Spanish

Native American Englishes

Variation in sign languages

Standards and standardization

Policing standards

Standard language ideology

Competing ideologies about language

Critical sociolinguistics

Language and local identity

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

10 AFRICAN AMERICAN LANGUAGE

Introduction

Overview

History of AAL

Structure of AAL

Morphological structure

{s} morphemes

Be verb

Phonological structure

Consonant cluster reduction

Other features

Variation within AAL

AAL in the courtroom

Micro-aggressions

Language, race, and identity

AAL and education

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

11 GENDERS, IDENTITIES, AND LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE

Introduction

Early studies of language and gender

Do women and men speak differently?

Deficit, dominance or difference?

Sugar and spice or puppy dog tails?

How do languages encode gender?

Multiple identities: Black Masculine Language

Gender as performance

Linguistics in your world: The heterosexual marketplace

The gender binary revisited

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

12 MULTILINGUALISM

Introduction

What is multilingualism?

Social meaning

Deciding which language to use

Language planning

Language contact

New languages: pidgins and creoles

Language shift

Superdiversity

Hip Hop as a multilingual phenomenon

Linguistic relativity

Learning to be multilingual

Linguistic factors in L2 acquisition

Affective factors in L2 acquisition

Social factors in L2 acquisition

Multilingualism in education

Monolingual mindset

Bilingual education in the United States

Spanish in the United States

Sign language education

Multilingualism on Martha’s Vineyard

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

13 LANGUAGE BIRTH AND DEATH

Introduction

Origins of language

Language spread and language families

Indo-European language family

Language families around the world

A very brief history of English

Old English

Middle English

Great Vowel Shift

How do you spell that again?

Modern English

Continued change and global spread

Origins of American Sign Language

Language loss and endangerment

Why should we care?

Causes of language loss

Stemming the loss

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

14 ECOLINGUISTICS: LANGUAGE AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Introduction

Language and its natural environment

Metaphors for the natural world

Eco-critical linguistics

Anthropocentrism

Chapter summary

Key terms

Explorations

References

Index

...
View More

Author(s)

Biography

Joanne Cavallaro is a professor emerita of English at St. Catherine University, Minnesota, U.S.A., where she has taught linguistics for 30 years.