1st Edition

Evolution of Management Thought

Edited By Arthur Bedeian
    1552 Pages
    by Routledge

    Because it is difficult—if not impossible—to understand contemporary management theory and practice without an appreciation of its historical heritage, this new one-stop reference resource from Routledge allows students and researchers readily to access the subject’s major works to enable a full and contextualized comprehension of the evolution of business and management thought.

    The four-volume collection opens with a selection of readings (‘Beginnings’) that set the stage for the advent of modern management. The materials assembled in the succeeding sections examine and explore the writings and lives of Frederick W. Taylor (generally credited as the founding father of scientific management) and the other individuals who were central figures in the development of management thought as an independent, scientific discipline.

    The gathered selections are drawn from a body of literature that emerged in the late 1880s and continued through the 1970s. They tell the story of management thought in its formative and post-partum stages. As such, the collection’s editor avers, ‘they establish a historical baseline for appreciating the continuing development of management theory across time; provide a historical perspective for understanding the present state of management theory; institute an intellectual baseline for appreciating future developments in management theory; create a historical foundation to aid in framing questions for the teaching, research, and practice of management; and provide a conceptual framework for building and integrating the field of management’.

    Volume I

    Part 1: Beginnings

    1. Daniel A. Wren, ‘Business: The Changing Scene’, in Benjamin J. Taylor and Thurman J. White (eds.), Issues and Ideas in America (University of Oklahoma Press, 1976), pp. 63–89.

    2. Mansel Blackford, ‘American Manufacturing, 1850–1930: A Business History Approach’, OAH Magazine of History, 2010, 24, 1, 17–22.

    3. ‘The Starting Point’, Financial World, 25 June 1991, 32, 38.

    4. Joseph A. Litterer, ‘Systematic Management: The Search for Order and Integration’, Business History Review, 1961, 35, 461–76.

    5. Daniel A. Wren, ‘Years of Good Beginnings: 1886–1936’, in Daniel A. Wren and John A. Pearce II (eds.), Papers Dedicated to the Development of Modern Management: Celebrating 100 years of Modern Management/50th Anniversary of the Academy of Management (Academy of Management, 1986), pp. 1–2.

    6. Henry R. Towne, ‘The Engineer as an Economist’, Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1886, 7, 428–32.

    Part 2: Frederick W. Taylor and Scientific Management

    7. Frederick W. Taylor, ‘Principles of Scientific Management’, Bulletin of the Taylor Society, 1916, 2, 5, 13–23.

    8. Frederick W. Taylor, ‘Shop Management’, Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1903, 24, 1356–64.

    9. Spencer Klaw, ‘Frederick Winslow Taylor: The Messiah of Time and Motion’, American Heritage, 1979, 30, 5, 26–39.

    10. Robert Kanigel, ‘Frederick Taylor’s Apprenticeship’, Wilson Quarterly, 1996, 20, 3, 44–51.

    11. Harlow S. Person, ‘The Genius of Frederick W. Taylor’, Advanced Management: Quarterly Journal, 1945, 10, 1, 2–11.

    12. Edwin A. Locke, ‘The Ideas of Frederick W. Taylor: An Evaluation’, Academy of Management Review, 1982, 7, 1, 14–24.

    13. Jean Boddewyn, ‘Frederick Winslow Taylor Revisited’, Journal of the Academy of Management, 1961, 4, 2, 100–7.

    14. John H. Hoagland, ‘Management Before Frederick Taylor’, in Billy E. Goetz (ed.), Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (Academy of Management, 1955), pp. 15–24.

    15. Charles D. Wrege and Amedeo G. Perroni, ‘Taylor’s Pig-Tale: A Historical Analysis of Frederick W. Taylor’s Pig-Iron Experiments’, Academy of Management Journal, 1974, 17, 6–27.

    16. ‘The Principles of Scientific Management: A Criticism by Upton Sinclair and an Answer by Frederick W. Taylor’, American Magazine, 1911, 72, 2, 243–5.

    17. Frank C. Hudson, ‘The Machinist’s Side of Taylorism’, American Machinist, 27 April 1911, 34, 773.

    18. Lyndall F. Urwick, ‘The Truth about "Schmidt": Reflections of Col. Lyndall F. Urwick’, foreword by William B. Wolf, Working Paper Series, 1978, 3, 1.

    19. A. Hamilton Church and Leon P. Alford, ‘The Principles of Management’, American Machinist, 30 May 1912, 36, 22, 857–61.

    20. Shannon G. Taylor and Arthur G Bedeian, ‘From Boardroom to Bunker: How Fred Taylor Changed the Game of Golf Forever’, Management & Organizational History, 2007, 2, 195–218.

    21. John Dos Passos, ‘Newsreel XLVI’, The Big Money (Harcourt, Brace, 1936), pp. 19–25.

    Part 3: The Gilbreths

    22. Frank B. Gilbreth and Lillian M. Gilbreth, ‘Classifying the Elements of Work: Methods of Analyzing Work into Seventeen Subdivisions’, Management and Administration, 1924, 8, 2, 151–4.

    23. Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘Finding "The One Best Way"’, Conference Board Record, 1976, 8, 6, 37–9.

    24. Frank Watts, ‘The Elimination of Fatigue Through Motion Study’, An Introduction to the Psychological Problems of Industry (George Allen & Unwin, 1921), pp. 50–66.

    25. Milton J. Nadworny, ‘Frederick Taylor and Frank Gilbreth: Competition in Scientific Management’, Business History Review, 1957, 31, 1, 23–34.

    26. Lillian M. Gilbreth, ‘The Psychology of Management - I’, Industrial Engineering and The Engineering Digest, 1912, 11, 5, 343–9.

    27. Robert Perloff and John L. Naman, ‘Lillian Gilbreth: Tireless Advocate for a General Psychology’, in Gregory A. Kimble, C. Alan Boneau, and Michael Wertheimer (eds.), Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology, Vol. II (American Psychological Association, 1996), pp. 106–16.

    28. Frank B. Gilbreth, Jr., ‘Time Out for Happiness’, Reader’s Digest, 1971, 98, 589, 233–71.

    29. J. Michael Gotcher, ‘Assisting the Handicapped: The Pioneering Efforts of Frank and Lillian Gilbreth’, Journal of Management, 1992, 18, 1, 5–13.

    30. Franz T. Lohrke, ‘Motion Study for the Blinded: A Review of the Gilbreths’ Work with the Visually Handicapped’, International Journal of Public Administration, 1993, 16, 5, 667–82.

    Volume II

    Part 4: Scientific Management—Selected Major Players

    31. Kenneth O. Bjork, ‘Putting Science into Production’, Saga in Steel and Concrete: Norwegian Engineers in America (Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1947), pp. 278–312.

    32. Henry Van Riper Scheel, ‘Some Recollections of Henry Laurence Gantt’, Journal of Industrial Engineering, 1961, 12, 3, 220–1.

    33. Arthur Svenson, ‘The Organization Theory of Henry Gantt’, Advanced Management, 1959, 24, 8, 16–19.

    34. Oscar Kraines, ‘Brandeis and Scientific Management’, Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, 1951, 4, 1, 41–60.

    35. W. Jack Duncan and C. Ray Gullett, ‘Henry S. Dennison: The Manager and the Social Critic’, Journal of Business Research, 1975, 2, 133–46.

    36. William F. Muhs, ‘Worker Participation in the Progressive Era: An Assessment by Harrington Emerson’, Academy of Management Review, 1982, 7, 1, 99–102.

    37. Joseph A. Litterer, ‘Alexander Hamilton Church and the Development of Modern Management’, Business History Review, 1961, 35, 2, 211–25.

    38. Mariann Jelinek, ‘Toward Systematic Management: Alexander Hamilton Church’, Business History Review, 1980, 54, 1, 63–79.

    39. Harry A. Hopf, The Management Movement at the Cross-Roads (Publication No. 1, Hopf Institute of Management, 1933).

    40. Edmund R. Gray and Richard J. Vahl, ‘Harry Hopf: Management’s Unheralded Giant’, Southern Journal of Business, 1971, 6, 2, 69–78.

    41. Lyndall F. Urwick, ‘The Father of British Scientific Management’, The Manager, 1962, 30, 2, 42–3.

    Part 5: Taylorism Worldwide

    42. C. Bertrand Thompson, ‘The Taylor System in Europe’, Advanced Management: Quarterly Journal, 1940, 5, 4, 172–6.

    43. Nikolai Lenine, ‘The Urgent Problems of the Soviet Rule’, Pravda, 28 April 1918 (reprinted from ‘What Lenin Said About the "Taylor Society"’, Bulletin of the Taylor Society, 1919, 4, 3, 35–8.

    44. Daniel A. Wren and Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘The Taylorization of Lenin: Rhetoric or Reality?’, International Journal of Social Economics, 2004, 31, 3, 287–99.

    45. Arthur G. Bedeian and Carl R. Phillips, ‘Scientific Management and Stakhanovism in the Soviet Union: A Historical Perspective’, International Journal of Social Economics, 1990, 17, 10, 28–35.

    Part 6: The Beginnings of Industrial Psychology

    46. Morris S. Viteles, ‘The Rise and Scope of Industrial Psychology’, Industrial Psychology (Norton, 1932), pp. 40–56.

    47. Jutta Spillman and Lothar Spillmann, ‘The Rise and Fall of Hugo Münsterberg’, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Science, 1993, 29, 4, 322–38.

    48. W. Jerome Arnold, ‘Measuring Minds for the Job’, Business Week, 29 January 1966, 60–3.

    Part 7: Henri Fayol; Max Weber; Luther H. Gulick

    49. Henri Fayol, ‘General Principles of Management’, General and Industrial Management, trans. Constance Storrs (Pitman, 1949), pp. 19–42.

    50. Daniel A. Wren, Arthur G. Bedeian, and John D. Breeze, ‘The Foundations of Henri Fayol’s Administrative Theory’, Management Decision, 2002, 40, 9, 906–18.

    51. Norman M. Pearson, ‘Fayolism as the Necessary Complement to Taylorism’, American Political Science Review, 1945, 39, 1, 68–80.

    52. John D. Breeze and Arthur G. Bedeian, The Administrative Writings of Henri Fayol: A Bibliographic Investigation, 2nd edn. (Vance Bibliographies, 1988).

    53. Max Weber, ‘Legal Authority: The Pure Type with Employment of a Bureaucratic Administrative Staff’, in Talcott Parsons and Alexander H. Henderson (eds.), The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations (Oxford University Press, 1922), pp. 333–41.

    54. Robert K. Merton, ‘Bureaucratic Structure and Personality’, Social Forces, 1940, 18, 4, 560–8.

    55. Luther H. Gulick, ‘Notes on the Theory of Organization’, in Luther Gulick and Lyndall F. Urwick (eds.), Papers on the Science of Administration (Institute of Public Administration, Columbia University, 1937), pp. 3–13.

    56. Herbert A. Simon, ‘The Proverbs of Administration’, Public Administration Review, 1946, 6, 1, 53–67.

    57. Thomas H. Hammond, ‘In Defense of Luther Gulick’s "Notes on the Theory of Organization"’, Public Administration, 1990, 68, 143–73.

    Volume III

    Part 8: The Hawthorne Studies

    58. George C. Homans, ‘The Western Electric Researches’, in National Research Council Committee on Work in Industry, Fatigue of Workers: Its Relation to Industrial Production (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1941), pp. 56–99.

    59. Charles D. Wrege, ‘Solving Mayo’s Mystery: The First Complete Account of the Origin of the Hawthorne Studies—The Forgotten Contributions of C. E. Snow and H. Hibarger’, in Robert L. Taylor et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (Academy of Management, 1976), pp. 12–16.

    60. Jeffrey A. Sonnenfeld, ‘Shedding Light on the Hawthorne Studies’, Journal of Occupational Behavior, 1985, 6, 2, 111–30.

    61. Ronald G. Greenwood, Alfred A. Bolton, and Regina A. Greenwood, ‘Hawthorne a Half Century Later: Relay Assembly Participants Remember’, Journal of Management, 1983, 9, 2, 217–31.

    62. William J. Dickson, ‘The Hawthorne Plan of Personnel Counseling’, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1945, 15, 2, 343–7.

    63. Lyle Yorks and David A. Whitsett, ‘Hawthorne, Topeka, and the Issue of Science Versus Advocacy in Organizational Behavior’, Academy of Management Review, 1985, 10, 1, 21–30.

    64. Lyndall F. Urwick, ‘Elton Mayo: His Life and Work’, Papers and Proceedings XIIth International Congress of Scientific Management (Melbourne: CIOS, 1960).

    65. William F. Dowling, ‘Conversation with Fritz J. Rothlisberger’, Organizational Dynamics, 1972, 1, 2, 31–45.

    Part 9: Mary P. Follett

    66. Mary P. Follett, ‘The Essentials of Leadership’, Freedom and Coordination (Pitman, 1949), pp. 47–60.

    67. Mary P. Follett, ‘The Psychological Foundations: The Giving of Orders’, in Henry C. Metcalf (ed.), Scientific Foundations of Business Administration (Williams & Wilkins, 1926), pp. 132–49.

    68. Mary P. Follett, ‘The Illusion of Final Authority’, Bulletin of the Taylor Society, 1926, 11, 5, 243–56.

    69. Mary P. Follett, ‘The Psychological Foundations: Constructive Conflict’, in Henry C. Metcalf (ed.), Scientific Foundations of Business Administration (Williams & Wilkins, 1926), pp. 114–31.

    70. Elliot M. Fox, ‘Mary Parker Follett: The Enduring Contribution’, Public Administration Review, 1968, 28, 6, 520–9.

    71. Narendra K. Sethi, ‘Mary Parker Follett: Pioneer in Management Theory’, Journal of the Academy of Management, 1962, 5, 3, 214–21.

    Part 10: Lyndall F. Urwick

    72. Thomas E. Stephenson, ‘The Longevity of Classical Theory’, Management International Review, 1968, 8, 6, 77–88.

    73. Lyndall F. Urwick, ‘Why the so-called "Classicists" Endure’, Management International Review, 1971, 11, 1, 3–18.

    74. Vytautas A. Gracunias, ‘Relationship in Organization’, Bulletin of the International Management Institute, 1933, 7, 3, 39–42.

    75. Lyndall F. Urwick, ‘V. A. Gracunias and the Span of Control’, Academy of Management Journal, 1974, 17, 349–55.

    76. David D Van Fleet and Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘A History of the Span of Management’, Academy of Management Review, 1977, 2, 3, 356–72.

    77. Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘Kismet! A Tale of Management’ (paper presented at the 1972 Academy of Management annual meeting, Minneapolis, USA. Revised for this collection in October 2010).

    78. Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘Vytautas Andrius Gracunias: A Biographical Note’, Academy of Management Journal, 1974, 17, 2, 347–9.

    Part 11: Chester I. Barnard

    79. Chester I. Barnard, ‘The Nature of Leadership’, Organization and Management: Selected Papers (Harvard University Press, 1948), pp. 80–110.

    80. Chester I. Barnard, ‘The Theory of Authority’, The Functions of the Executive (Harvard University Press, 1938), pp. 161–72.

    81. Chester I. Barnard, ‘Informal Organizations and Their Relation to Formal Organizations’, The Functions of the Executive (Harvard University Press, 1938), pp. 114–23.

    82. Cyril J. O’Donnell, ‘The Source of Managerial Authority’, Political Science Quarterly, 1952, 67, 4, 573–88.

    83. William B. Wolf, ‘Precepts for Managers: Interviews with Chester I. Barnard’, California Management Review, 1963, 6, 1, 89–94.

    84. William B. Wolf, ‘Chester I. Barnard (1886–1961)’, Journal of the Academy of Management, 1961, 4, 3, 161–73.

    Part 12: The Beginnings of Industrial Sociology

    85. Daniel A. Wren, ‘Industrial Sociology: A Revised View of its Antecedents’, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 1985, 21, 4, 311–20.

    86. Whiting Williams, ‘What Every Worker Wants’, in Herbert J. Chruden and Arthur W. Sherman, Jr. (eds.), Readings in Personnel Management (South-Western, 1961), pp. 239–50.

    87. William F. Whyte, ‘The Social Structure of the Restaurant’, American Journal of Sociology, 1949, 54, 4, 302–10.

    88. Donald F. Roy, ‘"Banana Time": Job Satisfaction and Informal Interaction’, Human Organization, 1960, 18, 4, 158–68.

    Volume IV

    Part 13: Early Leadership Theory

    89. Kurt T. Lewin, Ronald Lippitt, and Ralph K. White, ‘Patterns of Aggressive Behavior in Experimentally Created "Social Climates"’, Journal of Social Psychology, 1939, 10, 2, 271–99.

    90. Ordway Tead, ‘The Development of Leadership Power’, American Journal of Nursing, 1942, 42, 8, 867–72.

    91. Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt, ‘How to Choose a Leadership Pattern’, Harvard Business Review, 1958, 36, 2, 95–101.

    92. Robert Tannenbaum and Fred Massarik, ‘Participation by Subordinates in the Managerial Decision-Making Process’, Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, 1950, 16, 3, 408–18.

    Part 14: Early Motivation Theory

    93. Abraham H. Maslow, ‘A Theory of Human Motivation’, Psychological Review, 1943, 50, 4, 370–96.

    94. Deborah J. Coon, ‘Abraham H. Maslow: Reconnaissance for Eupsychia’, in Donald A. Dewsbury, Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr., and Michael Wertheimer (eds.), Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology, Vol. 6 (American Psychological Association, 2006), pp. 254–71.

    95. Joyce Milton, ‘Fully Human’, The Road to Malpsychia: Humanistic Psychology and Our Discontents (Encounter Books, 2002), pp. 39–62, 297–8.

    96. William G. Dyer, ‘Memories of Abe Maslow: Some Roots of OD’, OD Newsletter, 1984, Winter, 2–3.

    97. Richard Grossman, ‘Some Reflections on Abraham Maslow’, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1985, 25, 4, 31–4.

    98. Warren G. Bennis, ‘Eulogy for Abraham H. Maslow’, Journal of Creative Behavior, 1971, 5, 1, 7–18.

    99. Douglas M. McGregor, ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’, Management Review, 1957, 56, 11, 22–8, 88–92.

    100. Frederick Herzberg, ‘One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees?’, Harvard Business Review, 1968, 46, 1, 53–71.

    101. William F. Dowling, ‘An Interview with Frederick Herzberg: Managers or Animal Trainers?’, Management Review, 1971, 60, 7, 2–15.

    102. David C. McClelland, ‘That Urge to Achieve’, Think, 1966, 32, 6, 18–23.

    103. William F. Dowling, ‘Conversation with David McClelland’, Organizational Dynamics, 1972, 1, 1, 56–72.

    Part 15: The Michigan, Ohio State and Illinois Leadership Studies

    104. Rensis Likert, ‘Motivation: The Core of Management’, in M. Joseph Dooher and Elizabeth Marting (eds.), Motivation: The Core of Management (American Management Association, 1953).

    105. Chester A. Schriesheim and Barbara J. Bird, ‘Contributions of the Ohio State Studies to the Field of Leadership’, Journal of Management, 1979, 5, 2, 135–45.

    106. Fred E. Fiedler, ‘Engineer the Job to Fit the Manager’, Harvard Business Review, 1965, 43, 5, 115–22.

    Part 16: Closing Perspective

    107. Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘Exploring the Past’, Journal of Management History, 1998, 4, 1, 4–15.

    108. Arthur G. Bedeian, ‘The Gift of Professional Maturity’, Academy of Management Learning and Education, 2004, 3, 1, 92–8.


    Arthur G. Bedeian is a Boyd Professor and the Ralph and Kacoo Olinde Distinguished Professor of Management at Louisiana State University and A&M College. He is a Fellow and past President of the Academy of Management and former Dean of the Academy's Fellows Group. He is also a Fellow of both the Southern Management Association and the International Academy of Management, as well as a past President of the Foundation for Administrative Research, the Allied Southern Business Association, the Southern Management Association, and the Southeastern Institute for Decision Sciences.
             A former editor of the Journal of Management, he has published in the areas of role theory, human motivation, individual differences, job-life satisfaction, employee turnover, person-environment interactions, evolution of management thought, social construction of knowledge, and research methodology.