1st Edition

Examining Complex Intergroup Relations Through the Lens of Turkey

Edited By Hüseyin Çakal, Shenel Husnu Copyright 2023
    388 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    388 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This ground-breaking volume presents a unique contribution to the development of social and political psychology both in Turkey and globally, providing a complex analysis of intergroup relations in the diverse Turkish context.

    Turkey is home to a huge variety of social, ethnic and religious groups and hosts the largest number of refugees in the world. This diversity creates a unique opportunity to understand how powerful forces of ethnicity, migration and political ideology shape intergroup processes and intergroup relations. Bringing together novel research findings, the international collection of authors explore everything from disability, age and gender, Kurdish and Armenian relations as "traditional minorities", the recent emergence of a "new minority" of Syrian refugees and Turkey’s complex political history. The theories and paradigms considered in the book – social identity, intergroup contact, integrated threat, social representations – are leading approaches in social and political psychology, but the research presented tests these approaches in the context of a very diverse and dynamic non-WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic) society, with the goal of contributing toward the development of a more intercultural and democratic social and political psychology.

    Bringing together cutting-edge research and providing important insights into the psychological underpinnings of a singular societal situation from a variety of perspectives, this book is essential reading for students studying the psychology, politics and social science of intergroup relations, as well as practitioners interested in conflict resolution.

    List of Contributors


    Preface – Editor’s Introduction

    Part I: Intergroup Relations: The Traditional Minorities

    1 Fathoming Forgiveness: Armenians and Turks in Turkey

    Demet İslambay Yapalı, Banu Cingöz-Ulu

    2 Perceptions of Discrimination and Social Contact among Alevis and Sunnis in Turkey: Findings from Two Field Studies

    Gülçin Akbaş, Elçin Ray-Yol, & Nebi Sümer

    3 Disability and Discrimination: Disability Microaggressions in Turkey

    Deniz Canel Çınarbaş, Deniz Albayrak Kaymak, & Hande Sart

    4 How Does Culture Relate to Benevolent and Hostile Sexism? Fatih Özdemir & Nuray Sakallı

    5 Young People’s Attitudes toward Old People: Prejudices, Stereotypes, Inter-group Evaluations, and Frequency of Contact

    Nagihan Taşdemir

    6 Missing the good old days or connecting to the globe: Investigating outgroup attitudes through collective nostalgia and global identification

    Yasin Koc, Bengisu Akkurt, Ayca Aksu, Zeynep Dogan, Denizhan Sengul, Joel Anderson

    Part II: Intergroup Relations: The New Minorities

    7 Acculturation and Adaptation of Syrian Refugees in Turkey: The role of (dis)concordance of acculturation orientations and identity threat

    İmge Terzi, Rita Guerra, Kinga Bierwiaczonek

    8 Acceptance of Syrian refugees in Turkey: The roles of perceived threat, intergroup contact, perceived similarity, and temporary settlement

    Şenay Yitmen, Maykel Verkuyten, Borja Martinovic, Murat Erdoğan

    9 Identities and Attitudes Toward Syrian Refugees in Turkey

    Meltem Güler, Halime Ünver, Hüseyin Çakal

    10 "Syrian" refuge at the gaze of Kurds and Arabs in Mardin: Understanding social representations and acculturation expectations from a decolonial approach

    Meral Gezici Yalçın, Canan Coşkan, Mine Batu, Ömer Kan, Nihan Yılmaz

    11 Extended Contact with Turks and Syrian Refugees’ Intention to Migrate: The Mediating Roles of Ingroup and Outgroup Identification by Zafer Özkan and Naif Ergün

    12 Intergroup contact among majority and minority status groups in Turkey: Extending theory and practice

    Sabahat Cigdem Bagci, Sofia Stathi, Berfin Acar

    Part III: Intergroup Relations and Political Culture

    13 The Social Representations of Peace and The Attitudes towards Human Rights in Turkey

    Pelin Karakuş-Akalın & Melek Göregenli

    14 Military coups in Turkey and their effects on political culture and national identity in Turkey

    Yasemin Gülsüm Acar & Elif Sandal Önal

    15 Routes to collective action among opposition voters: Testing efficacy, anger, and injustice in Turkey’s repeated elections

    Canan Coşkan, Gülseli Baysu & Yasin Koc

    16 Collective action and in Turkey: What do we know and where do we go next?

    Özden Melis Uluğ, Nevin Solak, & Yasemin Gülsüm Acar

    17 Conclusion

    Shenel Husnu & Hüseyin Çakal


    Dr Hüseyin Çakal is an Assistant Professor of Social Psychology in the School of Psychology at Keele University in the United Kingdom. His work has covered the dynamics of collective action and prejudice reduction strategies, effects of social identity and intergroup contact on health and intergroup emotions among advantaged and disadvantaged groups. He has a passion for policy-oriented research on extremely disadvantaged communities in the least accessed regions, for example, South East Asia, Latin America and in the Middle East.

    Dr Shenel Husnu is a Professor of Social Psychology in the Department of Psychology at Eastern Mediterranean University, Cyprus. She is a trainer of peace education for Turkish and Greek school children which promotes contact and cooperation between both communities. Shenel’s research interests include intergroup relations, gender and LGBTI+ issues. She has a number of publications in prejudice reduction techniques and their application to the Cyprus conflict.