Exercise Psychology has grown substantially in recent years and has now matured into an established and widely studied discipline. Many universities offer graduate and undergraduate programmes in exercise science worldwide, and there are a number of scientific and applied journals in the field that have published a huge body of scholarship. This new four-volume collection from Routledge, edited by two leading scholars in the field, brings together the key material published across these various sources to create a ‘mini library’ of the foundational writing and the very best contemporary research.
Table of Contents
Volume I: Underlying Mechanisms of Exercise Effect on Brain Plasticity and Human Functioning
Genetic Factors: Why do People Exercise and How does Exercise Effects Us?
1. A. M. Knab and J. T. Lightfoot, ‘Does the Difference Between Physically Active and Couch Potato Lie in the Dopamine System?’, International Journal of Biological Sciences, 2010, 6, 2, 133–50.
2. S. Vaynman and F. Gomez-Pinilla, ‘Revenge of the "Sit": How Lifestyle Impacts Neuronal and Cognitive Health through Molecular Systems that Interface Energy Metabolism with Neuronal Plasticity’, Journal of Neuroscience Research, 2006, 84, 699–715.
3. C. Bouchard, ‘Genomic Predictors of Trainability’, Experimental Physiology, 2012, 97, 347–52.
Brain Plasticity and Functioning: Changes in Brain Structure (Regeneration)
4. C. W. Cotman, N. C. Berchtold, and L. A. Christie, ‘Exercise Builds Brain Health: Key Roles of Growth Factor Cascades and Inflammation’, Trends in Neuroscience, 2007, 30, 464–72.
5. H. van Praag, ‘Neurogenesis and Exercise: Past and Future Directions’, Neuromolecular Medicine, 2008, 10, 2, 128–40.
6. C. Ernst, A. K. Olson, J. P. Pinel, R. W. Lam, and B. R. Christie, ‘Antidepressant Effects of Exercise: Evidence for an Adult-neurogenesis Hypothesis?’, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 2006, 31, 2, 84–92.
7. B. N. Greenwood, T. E. Foley, T. V. Le, P. V. Strong, A. B. Loughridge, H. E. Day, and M. Fleshner, ‘Long-term Voluntary Wheel Running is Rewarding and Produces Plasticity in the Mesolimbic Reward Pathway’, Behavioral Brain Research, 2011, 217, 2, 354–62.
8. M. N. Hill, A. K. Titterness, A. C. Morrish, E. J. Carrier, T.-Y. T. Lee, J. Gil-Mohapel, B. B. Gorzalka, C. J. Hillard, and B. R. Christie, ‘Endogenous Cannabinoid Signaling is Required for Voluntary Exercise-induced Enhancement of Progenitor Cell Proliferation in the Hippocampus’, Hippocampus, 2010, 20, 4, 513–23.
Central Nervous System, Neurotransmitters, and Chemical Changes
9. R. Meeusen and K. De Meirleir, ‘Exercise and Brain Neurotransmission’, Sports Medicine, 1995, 20, 160–88.
10. R. K. Dishman and P. J. O’Connor, ‘Lessons in Exercise Neurobiology: The Case of Endorphins’, Mental Health and Physical Activity, 2009, 2, 4–9.
11. S. A. Neeper, F. Gómez-Pinilla, J. Choi, and C. W. Cotman, ‘Physical Activity Increases mRNA for Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor and Nerve Growth Factor in Rat Brain’, Brain Research, 1996, 726, 49–56.
12. C. W. Cotman and N. C. Berchtold, ‘Exercise: A Behavioral Intervention to Enhance Brain Health and Plasticity’, Trends in Neuroscience, 2002, 25, 295–301.
13. A. C. Pereira, et al., ‘An in vivo Correlate of Exercise-induced Neurogenesis in the Adult Dentate Gyrus’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 2007, 104, 5638–43.
14. S. Vaynman, Z. Ying, and F. Gomez-Pinilla, ‘Hippocampal BDNF Mediates the Efficacy of Exercise on Synaptic Plasticity and Cognition’, European Journal of Neuroscience, 2004, 20, 2580–90.
15. J. E. Black, K. R. Isaacs, B. J. Anderson, A. A. Alcantara, and W. T. Greenough, ‘Learning Causes Synaptogenesis, Whereas Motor Activity Causes Angiogenesis, in Cerebellar Cortex of Adult Rats’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1990, 87, 5568–72.
16. H. Van Praag, B. R. Christie, T. J. Sejnowski, and F. H. Gage, ‘Running Enhances Neurogenesis, Learning, and Long-term Potentiation in Mice’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1999, 96, 13427–31.
Volume II: Exercise Effects on Cognitive Processes and Brain Functioning
Exercise-Fitness Effect on Academic Achievement, Executive Function, Working Memory, and Brain Activity in Children
17. D. M. Castelli, C. H. Hillman, S. Buck, and H. Erwin, ‘Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement in 3rd & 5th Grade Students’, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 2007, 29, 239–52.
18. F. Trudeau and R. J. Shephard, ‘Physical Education, School Physical Activity, School Sports and Academic Performance’, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2008, 5, 5–10.
19. C. L. Davis, P. D. Tomporowski, J. E. McDowell, B. P. Austin, P. H. Miller, N. E. Yanasak, and J. A. Naglieri, ‘Exercise Improves Executive Function and Achievement and Alters Brain Activation in Overweight Children: A Randomized, Controlled Trial’, Health Psychology, 2011, 30, 1, 91–8.
20. C. H. Hillman, M. B. Pontifex, L. B. Raine, D. M. Castelli, E. E. Hall, and A. F. Kramer, ‘The Effect of Acute Treadmill Walking on Cognitive Control and Academic Achievement in Preadolescent Children’, Neuroscience, 2009, 159, 1044–54.
21. K. Kamijo, M. B. Pontifex, K. C. O’Leary, M. R. Scudder, C. T. Wu, D. M. Castelli, and C. H. Hillman, ‘The Effects of an Afterschool Physical Activity Program on Working Memory in Preadolescent Children’, Developmental Science, 2011, 14, 1046–58.
22. M. B. Pontifex, L. B. Raine, C. R. Johnson, L. Chaddock, M. V. Voss, N. J. Cohen, A. F. Kramer, and C. H. Hillman, ‘Cardiorespiratory Fitness and the Flexible Modulation of Cognitive Control in Preadolescent Children’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2011, 23, 1332–45.
Exercise, Cognition, and Cognitive Performance in Adults and Older People: Experimental and Cross-sectional Studies
23. D. E. Barnes, K. Yaffe, W. A. Satariano, and I. B. Tager, ‘A Longitudinal Study of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cognitive Function in Healthy Older Adults’, Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 2003, 51, 459–65.
24. J. Brisswalter, M. Collardeau, and R. Arcelin, ‘Effects of Acute Physical Exercise Characteristics on Cognitive Performance’, Sports Medicine, 2002, 32, 9, 555–66.
25. Y. K. Chang and J. L. Etnier, ‘Effects of an Acute Bout of Localized Resistance Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Middle-aged Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial Study’, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2009, 10, 19–24.
26. K. Coles and P. D. Tomporowski, ‘Effects of Acute Exercise on Executive Processing, Short-term and Long-term memory’, Journal of Sports Sciences, 2008, 26, 3, 333–44.
27. K. Davranche and T. McMorris, ‘Specific Effects of Acute Moderate Exercise on Cognitive Control’, Brain & Cognition, 2009, 69, 565–70.
28. M. E. Hopkins, F. C. Davis, M. R. VanTieghem, P. J. Whalen, and D. J. Bucci, ‘Differential Effects of Acute and Regular Physical Exercise on Cognition and Affect’, Neuroscience, 2012, 215, 59–68.
29. K. Kashihara, T. Maruyama, M. Murota, and Y. Nakahara, ‘Positive Effects of Acute and Moderate Physical Exercise on Cognitive Function’, Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 2009, 28, 4, 155–64.
30. L. Xu, C. Q. Jiang, T. H. Lam, W. S. Zhang, G. N. Thomas, and K. K. Cheng, ‘Dose-Response Relation Between Physical Activity and Cognitive Function: Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study’, Annals of Epidemiology, 2011, 21, 857–63.
31. J. R. Themanson, M. B. Pontife, and C. H. Hillman, ‘Fitness and Action Monitoring: Evidence for Improved Cognitive Flexibility in Young Adults’, Neuroscience, 2008, 157, 319–28.
32. C. Pesce, L. Cereatti, R. Forte, C. Crova, and R. Casella, ‘Acute and Chronic Exercise Effects on Attentional Control in Older Road Cyclists’, Gerontology, 2011, 57, 121–8.
Exercise and Cognition: Reviews and Meta Analyses
33. S. Colcombe and A. F. Kramer, ‘Fitness Effects on the Cognitive Function of Older Adults: A Meta-analytic Study’, Psychological Science, 2003, 14, 2, 125–30.
34. B. A. Sibley and J. L. Etnier, ‘The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Cognition in Children: A Meta-analysis’, Pediatric Exercise Science, 2003, 15, 243–56.
35. J. L. Etnier, P. M. Nowell, D. M. Landers, and B. A. Sibley, ‘A Meta-regression to Examine the Relationship Between Aerobic Fitness and Cognitive Performance’, Brain Research Review, 2006, 52, 119–30.
36. T. McMorris and B. J. Hale, ‘Differential Effects of Differing Intensities of Acute Exercise on Speed and Accuracy of Cognition: A Meta-analytical Investigation’, Brain and Cognition, 2012, 80, 338–51.
37. Y. K. Chang, J. D. Labban, J. I. Gapin, and J. L. Etnier, ‘The Effects of Acute Exercise on Cognitive Performance: A Meta-analysis’, Brain Research, 2012, 1453, 87–101.
Exercise Effects on Cognition in Ageing
38. C. H. Hillman, R. W. Motl, M. B. Pontifex, D. Posthuma, J. H. Stubbe, D. I. Boomsma, and E. J. C. de Geus, ‘Physical Activity and Cognitive Function in a Cross-section of Younger and Older Community-dwelling Individuals’, Health Psychology, 2006, 25, 6, 678–87.
39. S. J. Colcombe, A. F. Kramer, K. I. Erickson, P. Scalf, E. McAuley, N. J. Cohen, A. Webb, G. J. Jerome, D. X. Marquez, and S. Elavsky, ‘Cardiovascular Fitness, Cortical Plasticity, and Aging’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2004, 101, 9, 3316–21.
40. S. J. Colcombe, K. I. Erickson, P. E. Scalf, J. S. Kim, R. Prakash, E. McAuley, S. Elavsky, D. X. Marquez, L. Hu, and A. F. Kramer, ‘Aerobic Exercise Training Increases Brain Volume in Aging Humans’, Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 2006, 61A, 11, 1166–70.
41. K. I. Erickson et al., ‘Exercise Training Increases Size of Hippocampus and Improves Memory’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2011, 108, 7, 3017–22.
42. K. Hyodo, I. Dan, K. Suwabe, Y. Kyutoku, Y. Yamada, M. Akahori, K. Byun, M. Kato, and H. Soya, ‘Acute Moderate Exercise Enhances Compensatory Brain Activation in Older Adults’, Neurobiology of Aging, 2012, 33, 2621–3.
Volume III: Exercise Effect on Emotions/Affect/Mood and Perceived Exertion
Exercise Effects on Emotions and Affect/Mood
43. P. Ekkekakis, G. Parfitt, and S. I. Petruzzello, ‘The Pleasure and Displeasure People Feel When They Exercise at Different Intensities: Decennial Update and Progress Towards a Tripartite Rationale for Exercise Intensity Prescription’, Sports Medicine, 2011, 41, 641–71.
44. M. P. Herring, P. J. O’Connor, and R. K. Dishman, ‘The Effect of Exercise Training on Anxiety Symptoms Among Patients: A Systematic Review’, Archives of Internal Medicine, 2010, 170, 4, 321–31.
45. M. S. Bahrke and W. P. Morgan, ‘Anxiety Reduction Following Exercise and Meditation’, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1978, 2, 4, 323–33.
46. R. H. Cox, T. R. Thomas, P. S. Hinton, and O. M. Donahue, ‘Effects of Acute 60 and 80% VO2max Bouts of Aerobic Exercise on State Anxiety of Women of Different Age Groups Across Time’, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2004, 75, 2, 165–75.
47. B. C. Focht, ‘Brief Walks in Outdoor and Laboratory Environments: Effects on Affective Responses, Enjoyment, and Intentions to Walk for Exercise’, Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 2009, 80, 3, 611–20.
48. R. W. Motl, B. G. Berger, and P. S. Leuschen, ‘The Role of Enjoyment in the Exercise-Mood Relationship’, International Journal of Sport Psychology, 2000, 31, 347–63.
49. R. E. Thayer, ‘Energy, Tiredness, and Tension Effects of a Sugar Snack Versus Moderate Exercise’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, 52, 119–25.
Exercise Effects on Depressive Symptoms
50. J. A. Blumenthal et al., ‘Effects of Exercise Training on Older Patients with Major Depression’, Archives of Internal Medicine, 1999, 159, 2349–56.
51. L. L. Craft, E. H. Vaniterson, I. B. Helenowski, A. W. Rademaker, and K. S. Courneya, ‘Exercise Effects on Depressive Symptoms in Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis’, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention, 2012, 21, 1, 3–19.
52. A. L. Dunn, M. H. Trivedi, J. B. Kampert, C. G. Clark, and H. O. Chambliss, ‘Exercise Treatment for Depression Efficacy and Dose Response’, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2005, 28, 1, 1–8.
53. J. H. Griest, M. H. Klein, R. R. Eischens, J. Faris, A. S. Gurman, and W. P. Morgan, ‘Running as Treatment for Depression’, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 1979, 20, 1, 41–54.
54. T. C. North, P. McCullagh, and Z. Vu Tran, ‘Effect of Exercise on Depression’, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 1990, 18, 379–415.
55. N. A. Singh, K. M. Clements, and M. A. Fiatarone, ‘A Randomized Controlled Trial of Progressive Resistance Training in Depressed Elders’, Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 1997, 52A, 1, M27–35.
56. M. Teychenne, K. Ball and J. Salmon, ‘Sedentary Behavior and Depression Among Adults: A Review’, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2010, 17, 246–54.
Perception of Effort
57. G. Tenenbaum and J. C. Hutchinson, ‘A Social-cognitive Perspective of Perceived Exertion’, in G. Tenenbaum, and R. Eklund (eds.), Handbook of Sport Psychology, 3rd edn. (John Wiley, 2007), pp. 560–77.
58. N. Balague, R. Hristovski, D. Aragones, and G. Tenenbaum, ‘Nonlinear Model of Attention Focus During Accumulated Effort’, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2012, 13, 591–7.
59. P. Ekkekakis, ‘Let Them Roam Free? Physiological and Psychological Evidence for the Potential of Self-selected Exercise Intensity in Public Health’, Sports Medicine, 2009, 39, 10, 857–88.
Volume IV: Exercise Interventions and Effects on Health, Well-Being, and Quality of Life
Exercise Interventions: Characteristics and Adherence
60. R. K. Dishman, ‘Compliance/Adherence in Health-related Exercise’, Health Psychology, 1982, 1, 3, 237–67.
61. W. P. Morgan, ‘Prescription of Physical Activity: A Paradigm Shift’, Quest, 2001, 53, 366–82.
62. L. M. Wankel, ‘The Importance of Enjoyment to Adherence and Psychological Benefits from Physical Activity’, International Journal of Sport Psychology, 1993, 24, 151–69.
63. J. E. Martin et al., ‘The Behavioral Control of Exercise in Sedentary Adults: Studies 1 Through 6’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1984, 52, 5, 795–811.
64. S. Ashford, J. Edmunds, and D. P. French, ‘What is the Best Way to Change Self-efficacy to Promote Lifestyle and Recreational Physical Activity? A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis’, British Journal of Health Psychology, 2010, 15, 2, 265–88.
65. K. D. Brownell, A. J. Stunkard, and J. M. Albaum, ‘Evaluation and Modification of Exercise Patterns in the Natural Environment’, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1980, 137, 12, 1540–5.
66. B. H. Marcus, S. W. Banspach, R. C. Lefebvre, J. S. Rossi, R. A. Carleton, and D. B. Abrams, ‘Using the Stage Change Model to Increase the Adoption of Physical Activity Among Community Participants’, American Journal of Health Promotion, 1992, 6, 424–9.
Exercise, Well-being, and Quality of Life
67. B. G. Berger and D. A. Tobar, ‘Physical Activity and Quality of Life: Key Considerations’, in G. Tenenbaum and R. C. Eklund (eds.), Handbook of Sport Psychology, 3rd edn. (John Wiley & Sons, 2007), pp. 598–620.
68. R. A. Carels, C. Coit, K. Young, and B. Berger, ‘Exercise Makes You Feel Good, But Does Feeling Good Make You Exercise? An Examination of Obese Dieters’, Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2007, 29, 706–22.
69. W. J. Rejeski and S. L. Mihalko, ‘Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Older Adults’, Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2001, 56A, 23–35.
70. Y. Netz, M.-J. Wu, B. J. Becker, and G. Tenenbaum, ‘Physical Activity and Psychological Well-being in Advanced Age: A Meta-analysis on Experimental Data’, Psychology of Aging, 2005, 20, 2, 272–84.
71. G. C. W. Wendel-Vos, A. J. Schuit, M. A. R. Tijhuis, and D. Kromhout, ‘Leisure Time Physical Activity and Health-related Quality of Life: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Associations’, Quality of Life Research, 2004, 13, 667–77.
72. S. J. H. Biddle and M. Asare, ‘Physical Activity and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents: A Review of Reviews’, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2011, 45, 886–95.
73. C. Bridle, K. Spanjers, S. Patel, N. M. Atherton, and S. E. Lamb, ‘Effect of Exercise on Depression Severity in Older People: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 2012, 201, 180–5.
74. R. Desharnais, J. Jobin, C. Cote, L. Levesque, and G. Godin ‘Aerobic Exercise and the Placebo Effect: A Controlled Study’, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1993, 55, 2, 149–54.
75. H. A. deVries, ‘Tension Reduction with Exercise’, in W. P. Morgan and S. E. Goldston (eds.), Exercise and Mental Health (Hemisphere, 1987), pp. 99–104.
76. A. L. Dunn, B. H. Marcus, J. B. Kampert, M. E. Garcia, H. W. Kohl, and S. N. Blair, ‘Comparison of Lifestyle and Structured Interventions to Increase Physical Activity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Randomized Trial’, Journal of the American Medical Association, 1999, 281, 4, 327–34.