Expansive Soils : Recent Advances in Characterization and Treatment book cover
1st Edition

Expansive Soils
Recent Advances in Characterization and Treatment

ISBN 9780415396813
Published June 2, 2006 by CRC Press
544 Pages 317 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Expansive Soils provides the reader with easy and specific access to  problems associated with expansive soils, characterisitics and treatment, and evaluation and remediation. Set up with contributions from worlwide expert, this main reference guide is intended for engineers, researchers and senior students working on soil improvement and foundation engineering.

Table of Contents

Part 1 Nature, identification and classification of expansive soils

1. Geology, Classification and Distribution of Expansive Soils and Rocks: A Case Study from the Arabian Gulf
Amer A. Al-Rawas, Mattheus F.A. Goosen and Ghazi A. Al-Rawas

2. Identification and Classification of Expansive Soils
Sudhakar M. Rao

3. Prediction and Classification of Expansive Clay Soils
Agus Setyo Muntohar 

4. Overview of Mineralogy of Bentonites: Genesis, Physico-Chemical Properties, Industrial Uses, and World Production 
Richard Prikryl 

5. Swelling in Non Vertisolic Soils: Its Causes and Importance
Miguel Angel Taboada and Raul Silvio Lavado  

Part 2 Volume change characteristics 

6. ESEM Study of Structural Modifications of Argillite During Hydration/Dehydration Cycles
Joelle Duplay, German Montes-Hernandez and Luis Martinez 

7. Large-Scale Odometer for Assessing Swelling and Consolidation Behaviour of Al-Qatif Clay 
Shahid Azam

8. Water Sorption and Dilatation of Bentonites and Montmorillonite-Rich Clays
Radek Hanus, Irena Kolarikova and Richard Prikryl  

Part 3 Swelling Potential Measurement 

9. ESEM-DIA Method to Estimate Swelling-Shrinkage of Raw and Cation-Saturated Bentonite
German Montes-Hernandez 

10. Effect of Remolding Techniques on Soil Swelling and Shear Strength Properties
Mousa F. Attom, Majed M. Abu-Zreig and Mohammed Taleb Obaidat 

11. Swelling Rate of Expansive Clay Soils 
Roslan Hashim and Agus Setyo Muntohar

12. Swelling Behaviour of Ankara Clay: Predictive Techniques, Damage Details and Swelling Maps 
Zeynal Abiddin Erguler and Resat Ulusay 

13. Prediction of Swelling Characteristics with Free Swell Index
Bhyravajjula R. Phanikumar  

Part 4 Advanced Techniques for Swelling Potential Assessment 

14. Remote Sensing of Expansive Soils: Use of Hyperspectral Methodology for Clay Mapping and Hazard Assessment
Sabine Chabrillat and Alexander F.H. Goetz 

15. Spectroscopy as a Tool for Studying Expansive Soils
Patrick Chege Kariuki, Keith Shepherd and Freek van der Meer 

16. Finite Element Analysis of Piers in Expansive Soils
Yahia E.-A. Mohamedzein 

17. Prediction of Swelling Pressure of Expansive Soils Using Neural Networks 
Yahia E.-A. Mohamedzein, Rabab Ibrahim and Assim Alsanosi

18. Shrinkage Strain Characterization of Expansive Soils Using Digital Imaging Technology  
Anand J. Puppala, Siva Pathivada, Venkat Bhadriraju and Laureano R. Hoyos

Part 5 Site Characterization 

19. Swelling Behaviour of Expansive Shales: A Case Study From Saudi Arabia 
Abdullah I. Al-Mhaidib 

20. Volume Change Characteristics of Compacted Ankara Clay 
Erdal Cokca and Ozlem Cora

21. Influence of Trees on Expansive Soils in Southern Australia 
Donald A. Cameron, Mark B. Jaksa, Wayne Potter and Aaron O'Malley

Part 6 Lime Stabilization 

22. Stabilization of Expansive Ankara Clay with Lime 
Mehmet Celal Tonoz, Candan Gokceoglu and Resat Ulusay 

23. Lime Stabilization of Expansive Clay 
Zalihe Nalbantoglu

24. Combined Lime and Polypropylene Fiber Stabilization for Modification of Expansive Soils
Anand J. Puppala, Ekarin Wattanasanticharoen and Ali Porhaba  

Part 7 Cement Stabilization 

25. Assessment of Anisotropic Behaviour of Swelling Soils on Ground and Construction Work
Evangelos I. Stavridakis 

26. Stabilization of Problematic Soils Using Cement and Lime
Evangelos I. Stavridakis 

27. Influence of Sand Content on Strength and Durability of Cement-Acrylic Resin Treated Soil 
Costas A. Anagnostopoulos

28. Physical and Engineering Properties of Cement Stabilized Soft Soil Treated With Acrylic Resin Additive 
Costas A. Anagnostopoulos 

Part 8 Other treatment methods 

29. Pozzolanic Stabilization of Expansive Soils
P.V. Sivapullaiah 

30. Swelling Characteristics and Improvement of Expansive Soil with Rice Husk Ash 
Agus Setyo Muntohar

31. Effects of Addition of Fly Ash on Swell Potential of an Expansive Soil 
Devrim Turker and Erdal Cokca

32. Dynamic Properties of Chemically Modified Sulfate Rich Expansive Clay
Laureano R. Hoyos, Phonlawut Chainuwat and Anand J. Puppala  

33. Assessment of Seasonal Effects on Engineering Behavior of Chemically Treated Sulfate Rich Expansive Clay
Laureano R. Hoyos, Arthit Laikram and Anand J. Puppala  

Part 9 Construction techniques and remedial measures 

34. Granular Pile Anchors: An Innovative Foundation Technique for Expansive Soils
Bhyravajjula R. Phanikumar and Radhey S. Sharma

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Dr. Al-Rawas has held various positions at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman, including Dean of the College of Engineering. His research interests lie in expansive soils, problematic soils, calcined pozzolanic materials and oil-contaminated soils.

Dr. Goosen is currently Dean of the School of Science and Technology at the University of Turabo in Puerto Rico, USA. His research interests include the areas of water management, purification and conservation, wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.


This book deals with expansive soil fundamentals, problems and solutions. It contains a total of 34 papers with contributions by 52 experts from 22 countries. It is intended for engineers, researchers and graduates students working on expansive soils, soil improvement and foundation engineering. Expansive soils occur in many parts of the world but particularly in arid and semi-arid regions; the case studies presented are mainly concerned with these areas. It would have been useful to have included case studies related to shrink/swell hazards and damage, particularly on the Atlantic edge of Europe, in order to present more of a worldwide overview rather than being almost exclusively devoted to arid and semi-arid areas.
The book is presented in a clear manner, with nine well organized sections. The first section (5 papers) is devoted to the identification and classification of expansive soils and is followed by sections 2, 3 and 4 (at total of 13 papers) concerning volume change characteristics as well as classical and advanced techniques for swelling potential assessments and measurements. More advanced results related to shrinkage characterization would have been judicious. Section 5 concerns site characterization, with 3 papers form Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Australia. The 12 papers in section 6, 7 and 8 are devoted to the stabilization of expansive soils using lime, cement or other treatments. Finally, section 9 contains one paper discussing the use of granular pile-anchors – a relatively new foundation technique for expansive soils.
In conclusion, this book provides useful laboratory and field results concerning soil shrinking and swelling. It will help geotechnical workers obtain a better knowledge of the shrink/swell processes, hazards and associated remedial measures. Such knowledge is important if geotechnical engineers are to prevent many of the problems which have developed in the past, in areas of expansive soils. Bull Eng Geol Environment, 2007