1st Edition

Expansive Soils Recent Advances in Characterization and Treatment

Edited By Amer Ali Al-Rawas, Mattheus F.A. Goosen Copyright 2006
    544 Pages 317 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Expansive Soils provides the reader with easy and specific access to  problems associated with expansive soils, characterisitics and treatment, and evaluation and remediation. Set up with contributions from worlwide expert, this main reference guide is intended for engineers, researchers and senior students working on soil improvement and foundation engineering.

    Part 1 Nature, identification and classification of expansive soils

    1. Geology, Classification and Distribution of Expansive Soils and Rocks: A Case Study from the Arabian Gulf
    Amer A. Al-Rawas, Mattheus F.A. Goosen and Ghazi A. Al-Rawas

    2. Identification and Classification of Expansive Soils
    Sudhakar M. Rao

    3. Prediction and Classification of Expansive Clay Soils
    Agus Setyo Muntohar 

    4. Overview of Mineralogy of Bentonites: Genesis, Physico-Chemical Properties, Industrial Uses, and World Production 
    Richard Prikryl 

    5. Swelling in Non Vertisolic Soils: Its Causes and Importance
    Miguel Angel Taboada and Raul Silvio Lavado  

    Part 2 Volume change characteristics 

    6. ESEM Study of Structural Modifications of Argillite During Hydration/Dehydration Cycles
    Joelle Duplay, German Montes-Hernandez and Luis Martinez 

    7. Large-Scale Odometer for Assessing Swelling and Consolidation Behaviour of Al-Qatif Clay 
    Shahid Azam

    8. Water Sorption and Dilatation of Bentonites and Montmorillonite-Rich Clays
    Radek Hanus, Irena Kolarikova and Richard Prikryl  

    Part 3 Swelling Potential Measurement 

    9. ESEM-DIA Method to Estimate Swelling-Shrinkage of Raw and Cation-Saturated Bentonite
    German Montes-Hernandez 

    10. Effect of Remolding Techniques on Soil Swelling and Shear Strength Properties
    Mousa F. Attom, Majed M. Abu-Zreig and Mohammed Taleb Obaidat 

    11. Swelling Rate of Expansive Clay Soils 
    Roslan Hashim and Agus Setyo Muntohar

    12. Swelling Behaviour of Ankara Clay: Predictive Techniques, Damage Details and Swelling Maps 
    Zeynal Abiddin Erguler and Resat Ulusay 

    13. Prediction of Swelling Characteristics with Free Swell Index
    Bhyravajjula R. Phanikumar  

    Part 4 Advanced Techniques for Swelling Potential Assessment 

    14. Remote Sensing of Expansive Soils: Use of Hyperspectral Methodology for Clay Mapping and Hazard Assessment
    Sabine Chabrillat and Alexander F.H. Goetz 

    15. Spectroscopy as a Tool for Studying Expansive Soils
    Patrick Chege Kariuki, Keith Shepherd and Freek van der Meer 

    16. Finite Element Analysis of Piers in Expansive Soils
    Yahia E.-A. Mohamedzein 

    17. Prediction of Swelling Pressure of Expansive Soils Using Neural Networks 
    Yahia E.-A. Mohamedzein, Rabab Ibrahim and Assim Alsanosi

    18. Shrinkage Strain Characterization of Expansive Soils Using Digital Imaging Technology  
    Anand J. Puppala, Siva Pathivada, Venkat Bhadriraju and Laureano R. Hoyos

    Part 5 Site Characterization 

    19. Swelling Behaviour of Expansive Shales: A Case Study From Saudi Arabia 
    Abdullah I. Al-Mhaidib 

    20. Volume Change Characteristics of Compacted Ankara Clay 
    Erdal Cokca and Ozlem Cora

    21. Influence of Trees on Expansive Soils in Southern Australia 
    Donald A. Cameron, Mark B. Jaksa, Wayne Potter and Aaron O'Malley

    Part 6 Lime Stabilization 

    22. Stabilization of Expansive Ankara Clay with Lime 
    Mehmet Celal Tonoz, Candan Gokceoglu and Resat Ulusay 

    23. Lime Stabilization of Expansive Clay 
    Zalihe Nalbantoglu

    24. Combined Lime and Polypropylene Fiber Stabilization for Modification of Expansive Soils
    Anand J. Puppala, Ekarin Wattanasanticharoen and Ali Porhaba  

    Part 7 Cement Stabilization 

    25. Assessment of Anisotropic Behaviour of Swelling Soils on Ground and Construction Work
    Evangelos I. Stavridakis 

    26. Stabilization of Problematic Soils Using Cement and Lime
    Evangelos I. Stavridakis 

    27. Influence of Sand Content on Strength and Durability of Cement-Acrylic Resin Treated Soil 
    Costas A. Anagnostopoulos

    28. Physical and Engineering Properties of Cement Stabilized Soft Soil Treated With Acrylic Resin Additive 
    Costas A. Anagnostopoulos 

    Part 8 Other treatment methods 

    29. Pozzolanic Stabilization of Expansive Soils
    P.V. Sivapullaiah 

    30. Swelling Characteristics and Improvement of Expansive Soil with Rice Husk Ash 
    Agus Setyo Muntohar

    31. Effects of Addition of Fly Ash on Swell Potential of an Expansive Soil 
    Devrim Turker and Erdal Cokca

    32. Dynamic Properties of Chemically Modified Sulfate Rich Expansive Clay
    Laureano R. Hoyos, Phonlawut Chainuwat and Anand J. Puppala  

    33. Assessment of Seasonal Effects on Engineering Behavior of Chemically Treated Sulfate Rich Expansive Clay
    Laureano R. Hoyos, Arthit Laikram and Anand J. Puppala  

    Part 9 Construction techniques and remedial measures 

    34. Granular Pile Anchors: An Innovative Foundation Technique for Expansive Soils
    Bhyravajjula R. Phanikumar and Radhey S. Sharma


    Dr. Al-Rawas has held various positions at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman, including Dean of the College of Engineering. His research interests lie in expansive soils, problematic soils, calcined pozzolanic materials and oil-contaminated soils.

    Dr. Goosen is currently Dean of the School of Science and Technology at the University of Turabo in Puerto Rico, USA. His research interests include the areas of water management, purification and conservation, wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.

    This book deals with expansive soil fundamentals, problems and solutions. It contains a total of 34 papers with contributions by 52 experts from 22 countries. It is intended for engineers, researchers and graduates students working on expansive soils, soil improvement and foundation engineering. Expansive soils occur in many parts of the world but particularly in arid and semi-arid regions; the case studies presented are mainly concerned with these areas. It would have been useful to have included case studies related to shrink/swell hazards and damage, particularly on the Atlantic edge of Europe, in order to present more of a worldwide overview rather than being almost exclusively devoted to arid and semi-arid areas.
    The book is presented in a clear manner, with nine well organized sections. The first section (5 papers) is devoted to the identification and classification of expansive soils and is followed by sections 2, 3 and 4 (at total of 13 papers) concerning volume change characteristics as well as classical and advanced techniques for swelling potential assessments and measurements. More advanced results related to shrinkage characterization would have been judicious. Section 5 concerns site characterization, with 3 papers form Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Australia. The 12 papers in section 6, 7 and 8 are devoted to the stabilization of expansive soils using lime, cement or other treatments. Finally, section 9 contains one paper discussing the use of granular pile-anchors – a relatively new foundation technique for expansive soils.
    In conclusion, this book provides useful laboratory and field results concerning soil shrinking and swelling. It will help geotechnical workers obtain a better knowledge of the shrink/swell processes, hazards and associated remedial measures. Such knowledge is important if geotechnical engineers are to prevent many of the problems which have developed in the past, in areas of expansive soils. Bull Eng Geol Environment, 2007