Experiencing 'Flow' in Jazz Performance: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Experiencing 'Flow' in Jazz Performance

1st Edition

By Elina Hytönen-Ng


184 pages

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The term 'flow' refers to experiences where the musician moves into a consciousness in which time seems to be suspended and perception of reality is blurred by unconscious forces. An essential part of the jazz tradition, which often serves as the foundation of the musician's identity, flow is recognised within the greater jazz community as a critical factor in accomplished musicianship. Flow as a concept is so deeply embedded in the scene that these experiences are not generally discussed. It contributes to the musicians' work motivation, providing a vital level of satisfaction and accomplishment. The power of the experience, consciously or unconsciously, has given rise to the creation of heroic images, in which jazz musicians are seen as being bold, yet vulnerable, strong and masculine, but still capable of expressing emotions. In this discourse, musicians are pictured as people constantly putting themselves on the line, exposing themselves and their hearts to one another as well as to the audience. Heroic profiles are richly constructed within the jazz scene, and their incorporation into narratives of flow suggests that such images are inseparable from jazz. It is thus unclear how far the musicians are simply reporting personal experience as opposed to unconsciously perpetuating a profoundly internalised mythology. Drawing on eighteen interviews conducted with professional jazz musicians from around the world, Elina Hytönen-Ng examines the fundamentals of the phenomenon of flow in jazz that has led to this genre's popularity. Furthermore, she draws on how flow experiences are viewed and constructed by jazz musicians, the meanings they attach to it, and the quality of music that it inspires.


’This book provides useful insight into the experience of being a performing jazz musician. Drawing on rich qualitative data, Hytönen-Ng provides an understanding of how Flow� experiences rely upon interactions between numerous factors, including identity, relationships with co-performers, audiences and venues and considers how such experiences lead ultimately to more satisfying performances. Recommended for anyone interested in understanding musicians’ experiences of live jazz performance. ’ Karen Burland, University of Leeds, UK ’Elina Hytönen-Ng’s book is a welcome and valuable contribution to the field, and it is hoped that it will invite further research of flow in jazz practice and in other areas of music performance’. Music and Letters ’This focus could serve music educators at the undergraduate and graduate level in addressing issues of musicianship and collectivity. Many of the themes extracted from the discussions: the relationship of the individual to the group, the impact of audiences and physical spaces on performance, and the role of spirituality in creative approaches, would fuel discussions that could impact performance practice. Experiencing Flow also contributes to the study of music cognition. … As a study that explores music through the motivations that drive its creation, Experiencing Flow provides a multidisciplinary work which can inform studies of why we make music’. Popular Music

Table of Contents

Contents: Foreword; Preface; Introduction: Unravelling flow experiences; ’Like a junkie looking for musical fixes’: positive feelings and motivation formation in flow; ’Purely for the love of music’: emotionalism in discussions of flow; ’Always concentrating on the music’: highlighting professionalism; ’Profound merging with people’: enhanced collectivity within the band; ’The whole mystery of being human’: spirituality and flow; ’Unreserved approval’: the importance of an audience; ’Smallish, intimate places’: optimal performance venues; Contextual things; Wider perspectives on flow and altered states of consciousness; Bibliography; Index.

About the Author

Elina Hytönen-Ng is a cultural researcher and an ethnomusicologist working at the University of Eastern Finland. Her current interest is in the contemporary British jazz scene. She has been an academic visitor at the Faculty of Music, University of Oxford and a visiting research fellow at King's College, London.

About the Series

Ashgate Popular and Folk Music Series

Popular musicology embraces the field of musicological study that engages with popular forms of music, especially music associated with commerce, entertainment and leisure activities. The Ashgate Popular and Folk Music Series aims to present the best research in this field. Authors are concerned with criticism and analysis of the music itself, as well as locating musical practices, values and meanings in cultural context. The focus of the series is on popular music of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, with a remit to encompass the entirety of the world’s popular music.

Critical and analytical tools employed in the study of popular music are being continually developed and refined in the twenty-first century. Perspectives on the transcultural and intercultural uses of popular music have enriched understanding of social context, reception and subject position. Popular genres as distinct as reggae, township, bhangra, and flamenco are features of a shrinking, transnational world. The series recognizes and addresses the emergence of mixed genres and new global fusions, and utilizes a wide range of theoretical models drawn from anthropology, sociology, psychoanalysis, media studies, semiotics, postcolonial studies, feminism, gender studies and queer studies.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MUSIC / Genres & Styles / Jazz