1st Edition

Experimental Combustion
An Introduction





ISBN 9781138074217
Published March 30, 2017 by CRC Press
390 Pages 156 B/W Illustrations

USD $56.95

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Book Description

Fulfilling the need for a classical approach, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction begins with an overview of the key aspects of combustion—including chemical kinetics, premixed flame, diffusion flame, and liquid droplet combustion—followed by a discussion of the general elements of measurement systems and data acquisition and analysis. In addition to these aspects, thermal flow measurements, gas composition measurements, and optical combustion diagnostics are covered extensively.

Building upon this foundation in the fundamentals, the text addresses measurements, instruments, analyses, and diagnostics specific to combustion experiments, as well as:

  • Describes the construction, working principles, application areas, and limitations of the necessary instruments for combustion systems
  • Familiarizes the reader with the procedure for uncertainty analysis in combustion experiments
  • Discusses advanced optical techniques, namely particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser Doppler anemometry (LDA), and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) methods

From stoichiometry to smoke meters and statistical analysis, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction provides a solid understanding of the underlying concepts and measurement tools required for the execution and interpretation of practical combustion experiments.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Combustion
Definition of Fuel/Oxidizer
Kinds of Fuels and Oxidizers
Stoichiometry
Ideal Gas Mixture
Heats of Formation and Reaction
Adiabatic Flame Temperature
Chemical Kinetics
Flame
Premixed Flame
Diffusion Flames
Gaseous Jet Flame
Liquid Droplet Combustion
Elements of Measurement Systems
What Is Measurement?
Fundamentals of Measurement Methods
Elements of Generic Measuring System
Types of Transducers
Basic Requirements of a Transducer
Performance Characteristics of a Measuring Device
Data Acquisition
Data Acquisition System
Signal Conditioning Systems
Signal Filtering System
Sampling and Data Acquisition
A/D and D/A Conversion
Data Storage and Display
Data Analysis
Critical Analysis of Experimental Data
Experimental Error Analysis
Uncertainty in Experimental Data
General Uncertainty Analysis
Statistical Analysis of Data
Data Visualization and Analysis
Graphical Analysis
Regression Analysis
Report Writing
Thermal Flow Measurements
Pressure Measurement
Sound Pressure Level Measurements
Gas Velocity Measurements
Temperature Measurements
Flow Meters
Rotameters
Turbine Flow Meters
Gas Composition Measurements
Quantification of Composition
Sampling Systems
Analytical Methods for Combustion Product Measurement
Luminescence-Based Analyzer
Electrochemical Gas Analyzers
Paramagnetic Oxygen Analyzers
Smoke Meters
Optical Combustion Diagnostics
Types of Light Sources
Laser Lights
Basic Principles of Light Scattering
Flow Visualization
Flame Visualization
Light Refraction in an Inhomogeneous Medium
Schlieren Technique
Shadowgraph
Interferometer
Laser-Based Optical Velocimetry
Laser Doppler Velocimetry
Particle Image Velocimetry
Planar-Laser-Induced Fluorescence Method
Rayleigh Temperature Measurement

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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. D. P. Mishra is a professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur, where he has been instrumental in establishing a combustion laboratory. His areas of research include combustion, computational fluid dynamics, and atomization. He is also an assistant editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, USA, and serves as an editorial board member for several other international journals. He has been the recipient of several awards, including the Young Scientist Award, INSA-JSPS Fellowship, Sir Rajendranath Mookerjee Memorial Award, and Samanta Chadrasekhar Award. Dr. Mishra has six Indian patents and more than 178 research papers published in referred journals and conference proceedings. He has authored two textbooks titled Fundamentals of Combustion, published by Prentice Hall of India, and Engineering Thermodynamics, published by Cengage India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Reviews

"… other books available in this area do not cover the detailed topics covered here. Energy and combustion is a hot issue. It is expected to be even hotter with more demand in this area as we search for cleaner methods of energy conversion from chemical to thermal energy."
—Ashwani K. Gupta, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

"Providing a collection of measurement techniques that are generally never combined into one book makes this book unusual and valuable for anyone wanting to learn about various methods that could be used to characterize flame combustion or other gaseous combustion events."
IEEE Electrical Insulation, November/December 2016

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