1st Edition

Experimental Combustion An Introduction

By D. P. Mishra Copyright 2014
    390 Pages 156 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    390 Pages 156 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Fulfilling the need for a classical approach, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction begins with an overview of the key aspects of combustion—including chemical kinetics, premixed flame, diffusion flame, and liquid droplet combustion—followed by a discussion of the general elements of measurement systems and data acquisition and analysis. In addition to these aspects, thermal flow measurements, gas composition measurements, and optical combustion diagnostics are covered extensively.

    Building upon this foundation in the fundamentals, the text addresses measurements, instruments, analyses, and diagnostics specific to combustion experiments, as well as:

    • Describes the construction, working principles, application areas, and limitations of the necessary instruments for combustion systems
    • Familiarizes the reader with the procedure for uncertainty analysis in combustion experiments
    • Discusses advanced optical techniques, namely particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser Doppler anemometry (LDA), and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) methods

    From stoichiometry to smoke meters and statistical analysis, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction provides a solid understanding of the underlying concepts and measurement tools required for the execution and interpretation of practical combustion experiments.

    Introduction to Combustion
    Definition of Fuel/Oxidizer
    Kinds of Fuels and Oxidizers
    Ideal Gas Mixture
    Heats of Formation and Reaction
    Adiabatic Flame Temperature
    Chemical Kinetics
    Premixed Flame
    Diffusion Flames
    Gaseous Jet Flame
    Liquid Droplet Combustion
    Elements of Measurement Systems
    What Is Measurement?
    Fundamentals of Measurement Methods
    Elements of Generic Measuring System
    Types of Transducers
    Basic Requirements of a Transducer
    Performance Characteristics of a Measuring Device
    Data Acquisition
    Data Acquisition System
    Signal Conditioning Systems
    Signal Filtering System
    Sampling and Data Acquisition
    A/D and D/A Conversion
    Data Storage and Display
    Data Analysis
    Critical Analysis of Experimental Data
    Experimental Error Analysis
    Uncertainty in Experimental Data
    General Uncertainty Analysis
    Statistical Analysis of Data
    Data Visualization and Analysis
    Graphical Analysis
    Regression Analysis
    Report Writing
    Thermal Flow Measurements
    Pressure Measurement
    Sound Pressure Level Measurements
    Gas Velocity Measurements
    Temperature Measurements
    Flow Meters
    Turbine Flow Meters
    Gas Composition Measurements
    Quantification of Composition
    Sampling Systems
    Analytical Methods for Combustion Product Measurement
    Luminescence-Based Analyzer
    Electrochemical Gas Analyzers
    Paramagnetic Oxygen Analyzers
    Smoke Meters
    Optical Combustion Diagnostics
    Types of Light Sources
    Laser Lights
    Basic Principles of Light Scattering
    Flow Visualization
    Flame Visualization
    Light Refraction in an Inhomogeneous Medium
    Schlieren Technique
    Laser-Based Optical Velocimetry
    Laser Doppler Velocimetry
    Particle Image Velocimetry
    Planar-Laser-Induced Fluorescence Method
    Rayleigh Temperature Measurement


    Dr. D. P. Mishra is a professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur, where he has been instrumental in establishing a combustion laboratory. His areas of research include combustion, computational fluid dynamics, and atomization. He is also an assistant editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, USA, and serves as an editorial board member for several other international journals. He has been the recipient of several awards, including the Young Scientist Award, INSA-JSPS Fellowship, Sir Rajendranath Mookerjee Memorial Award, and Samanta Chadrasekhar Award. Dr. Mishra has six Indian patents and more than 178 research papers published in referred journals and conference proceedings. He has authored two textbooks titled Fundamentals of Combustion, published by Prentice Hall of India, and Engineering Thermodynamics, published by Cengage India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

    "… other books available in this area do not cover the detailed topics covered here. Energy and combustion is a hot issue. It is expected to be even hotter with more demand in this area as we search for cleaner methods of energy conversion from chemical to thermal energy."
    —Ashwani K. Gupta, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

    "Providing a collection of measurement techniques that are generally never combined into one book makes this book unusual and valuable for anyone wanting to learn about various methods that could be used to characterize flame combustion or other gaseous combustion events."
    IEEE Electrical Insulation, November/December 2016