After a long period of relatively slow change and development, the practice of psychotherapy entered a phase of vigorous experimentation in the 1960s. Greatly increased public recognition of the role of psychological approaches has brought about a dramatic upsurge of demand for mental health services on the part of broader segments of the population than ever before. Many kinds of people now seek aid, and display a greater variety of symptoms and life problems than are recorded in the earlier case-history literature.
The professional response to this new demand markedly increased the professions creativity and imagination, as this volume outlines. While it is difficult to devise a precise category to cover all forms of such experimentation in psychotherapy, one major characteristic has been an increase in activity. The non-directive or client-centered therapist frequently speaks almost as much as his client, yet he is not considered active, since he attempts to limit his communication to the reflection of the clients feelings.
More frequently an attempt is made to distinguish between insight-oriented therapies and active therapies in terms of differing goals.
Active psychotherapy is seen as being concerned with techniques that focus directly on the removal of symptoms, such as anxiety or maladaptive overt behavior. The need to establish a clear dichotomy between insight and behavior modification has often been challenged: many of the therapists who stress insight do so in the belief that increased insight, no matter how arrived at, will modify overt behavioral anxiety. Experimentation in Psychotherapy exposes the reader to a wide variety of therapies. Although changes in treatment methods, and a more short-term orientation, have limited some future developments in the field, this volume admirably describes the techniques traditional therapists can effectively employ, given the patient's strengths and limitations.
Introduction -- Harold Greenwald
Lines of Advance in Psychoanalytic Therapy -- Sigmund Freud
The Further Development of an Active Therapy in Psychoanalysis -- Sando Ferenczi
The Drive for Superiority -- Alfred Adler
Psychoanalytic Treatment as Education -- Thomas S. Szasz
The Toxoid Response -- Hyman Spotnitz
Effect of Paradigmatic Techniques on the Psychic Economy of Borderline Patients -- Marie Coleman Nelson
Recent Developments in "Direct Psychoanalysis" --Charles T. Sullivan
The Role of Activity in the Treatment of Schizoid or Schizophrenic Patients -- Goodhue Livingston
Transactional Analysis -- Eric Berne
Reflections on My Method of Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama -- J. L. Moreno
Toward a Holistic Treatment Program --Herbert A. Otto
Active Strategies in Marriage Counseling -- Aron Krich
The Family Approach to Marital Disorders -- Nathan W. Ackerman
Marriage Therapy -- Jay Haley
Methods of Verbal Suggestion -- K. I. Platonov
Reciprocal Inhibition as the Main Basis of Psychotherapeutic Effects -- Joseph Wolpe
Implosive Therapy in the Short-Term Treatment of Psychotics -- Robert A. Hogan
Learning Theory and Psychotherapy Revisited: With Notes on Illustrative Cases -- E. Lakin Phillips and Salah El-Batrawi
Neobehavioristic Psychotherapy: Quasi-hypnotic Suggestion and Multiple Reinforcement in the Treatment of Postinfantile Dyscopresis -- Donald R. Peterson and Perry London
The Use of Symptoms as an Integral Part of Hypnotherapy -- Milton H. Erickson
The Treatment of Frigidity and Impotence -- Albert Ellis
Paradoxical Intention: A Logotherapeutic Technique -- Viktor E. Frankl
Methodology in Short-Term Therapy -- Lewis R. Wolberg
Treatment of the Psychopath -- Harold Greenwald