1st Edition

Explainable Artificial Intelligence for Smart Cities

Edited By Mohamed Lahby, Utku Kose, Akash Kumar Bhoi Copyright 2022
    360 Pages 167 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Thanks to rapid technological developments in terms of Computational Intelligence, smart tools have been playing active roles in daily life. It is clear that the 21st century has brought about many advantages in using high-level computation and communication solutions to deal with real-world problems; however, more technologies bring more changes to society. In this sense, the concept of smart cities has been a widely discussed topic in terms of society and Artificial Intelligence-oriented research efforts. The rise of smart cities is a transformation of both community and technology use habits, and there are many different research orientations to shape a better future.

    The objective of this book is to focus on Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) in smart city development. As recently designed, advanced smart systems require intense use of complex computational solutions (i.e., Deep Learning, Big Data, IoT architectures), the mechanisms of these systems become ‘black-box’ to users. As this means that there is no clear clue about what is going on within these systems, anxieties regarding ensuring trustworthy tools also rise. In recent years, attempts have been made to solve this issue with the additional use of XAI methods to improve transparency levels. This book provides a timely, global reference source about cutting-edge research efforts to ensure the XAI factor in smart city-oriented developments. The book includes both positive and negative outcomes, as well as future insights and the societal and technical aspects of XAI-based smart city research efforts. 

    This book contains nineteen contributions beginning with a presentation of the background of XAI techniques and sustainable smart-city applications. It then continues with chapters discussing XAI for Smart Healthcare, Smart Education, Smart Transportation, Smart Environment, Smart Urbanization and Governance, and Cyber Security for Smart Cities.


    1 An Overview of Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) from a Modern Perspective

    Ana Carolina Borges Monteiro, Reinaldo Padilha França, Rangel Arthur, and Yuzo Iano

    2 Explainable Artificial Intelligence for Services Exchange in Smart Cities

    Ossama Embarak

    3 IoT- and XAI-Based Smart Medical Waste Management

    Zineb Boudanga, Siham Benhadou, and Jean Philippe Leroy

    4 The Impact and Usage of Smartphone among Generation Z: A Study Based on Data Mining Techniques

    Mohamed Uwaiz Fathima Rushda and Lakshika S. Nawarathna

    5 Explainable Artificial Intelligence: Guardian for Cancer Care

    Vishal Ahuja

    6 ANN-Based Brain Tumor Classification: Performance Analysis Using K-Means and FCM Clustering with Various Training Functions

    A. Biswas and M.S. Islam

    7 Recognition of the Most Common Trisomies through Automated Identification of Abnormal Metaphase Chromosome Cells

    Reem Bashmail, Muna Al-Kharraz, Lamiaa A. Elrefaei, Wadee Alhalabi, and Mai Fadel

    8 Smart Learning Solutions for Combating COVID-19

    Jaspreet Kaur and Harpreet Singh

    9 An Analysis of Machine Learning for Smart Transportation System (STS)

    R. Dhaya and R. Kanthavel

    10 Classification of Kinematic Data Using Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) for Smart Motion

    C.Y. Yong

    11 Smart Urban Traffic Management for an Efficient Smart City

    M. El Khaili, L. Terrada, A. Daaif, and H. Ouajji

    12 Systematic Comparison of Feature Selection Methods for Solar Energy Forecasting

    S. El Motaki and A. El-Fengour

    13 Indoor Environment Assistance Navigation System Using Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

    M. Afif, R. Ayachi, and M. Atri

    14 Pixel-Based Classification of Land Use/Land Cover Built-Up and Non-Built-Up Areas Using Google Earth Engine in an Urban Region (Delhi, India)

    A. Kumar, A. Jain, B. Agarwal, M. Jain, P. Harjule, and R.A. Verma

    15 Emergence of Smart Home Systems Using IoT: Challenges and Limitations

    Nabeel Khan

    16 Acceptance of Blockchain in Smart City Governance from the User Perspective

    Emre Erturk, Dobrila Lopez, and Weiyang Yu

    17 Explainable AI in Machine/Deep Learning for Intrusion Detection in Intelligent Transportation Systems for Smart Cities

    Andria Procopiou and Thomas M. Chen

    18 Real-Time Identity Censorship of Videos to Enable Live Telecast Using NVIDIA Jetson Nano

    Shree Charran R. and Rahul Kumar Dubey

    19 Smart Cities’ Information Security: Deep Learning-Based Risk Management

    W. Abbass, A. Baina, and M. Bellafkih



    Mohamed LAHBY is Associate Professor at the Higher Normal School (ENS) University Hassan II of Casablanca, Morocco. His PhD in Computer Science from Faculty of Sciences and Technology of Mohammedia, University Hassan II of Casablanca, in 2013. His research interests are wireless communication and network, mobility management, QoS/QoE, Internet of things, Smart cities, Optimization and Machine learning. He has published more than 35 papers (book chapters, international journals, and conferences), 1 edited book, and 1 authored book. He has served and continues to serve on executive and technical program committees of numerous international conferences such as IEEE PIMRC, ICC, NTMS, IWCMC, WINCOM, ISNCC. He also serves as a referee of many prestigious Elsevier journals : Ad Hoc Networks, Applied Computing and Informatics and International journal of disaster risk reduction. He organized and participated more than 40 conferences and workshops. He is the chair of many international workshops and special sessions such as MLNGSN’19, CSPSC’19, MLNGSN’20, AI2SC ’20 and WCTCP’20. Utku Kose received the B.S. degree in 2008 from computer education of Gazi University, Turkey as a faculty valedictorian. He received M.S. degree in 2010 from Afyon Kocatepe University, Turkey in the field of computer and D.S. / Ph. D. degree in 2017 from Selcuk University, Turkey in the field of computer engineering. Between 2009 and 2011, he has worked as a Research Assistant in Afyon Kocatepe University. Following, he has also worked as a Lecturer and Vocational School – Vice Director in Afyon Kocatepe University between 2011 and 2012, as a Lecturer and Research Center Director in Usak University between 2012 and 2017, and as an Assistant Professor in Suleyman Demirel University between 2017 and 2019. Currently, he is an Associate Professor in Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey. He has more than 100 publications including articles, authored and edited books, proceedings, and reports. He is also in editorial boards of many scientific journals and serves as one of the editors of the Biomedical and Robotics Healthcare book series by CRC Press. His research interest includes artificial intelligence, machine ethics, artificial intelligence safety, optimization, the chaos theory, distance education, e-learning, computer education, and computer science. AKASH KUMAR BHOI has completed his B.Tech. (Biomedical Engineering) from Trident Academy of Technology, BPUT University, Odisha and M.Tech. (Biomedical Instrumentation) from Karunya University, Coimbatore in the year 2009 and 2011 respectively. In 2019 he is awarded Ph.D. in the area of Biomedical Signal Processing from Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Sikkim Manipal University, India. He is working as Assistant Professor-I in the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering at Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology (SMIT), India since 2012. He is the University Ph.D. Course Coordinator for “Research & Publication Ethics (RPE)”. He is member of IEEE, ISEIS and IAENG, associate member of IEI, UACEE and editorial board member reviewer of Indian and international journals. He is also a regular reviewer of journals of repute namely IEEE, Springer, Elsevier, Taylor and Francis, Inderscience etc. His areas of research are biomedical signal processing, medical image processing, sensors and transducers, and medical instrumentation. He has published several papers in national and international journals and conferences. He has 90+ documents registered in Scopus database. He has also served on numerous organizing panels for the international conferences and workshops. He is currently editing several books with Springer Nature and serving as Guest editor for special issues of the journal like Springer Nature and Inderscience.