Explaining Renewable Energy  book cover
1st Edition

Explaining Renewable Energy

ISBN 9781032275758
Published December 16, 2022 by CRC Press
102 Pages 42 Color & 2 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This undergraduate text aimed primarily at high schoolers and lower level undergraduates focuses on explaining how the various forms of renewable energy work and the current ongoing research. It includes sections on non-scientific aspects that should be considered such as availability of resources. A final chapter covers methods of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Renewable energy is currently on everyone’s mind in the context of climate change. This text provides students with an introduction into the science behind the various types of renewable energy enabling them to access review literature in the field and options that  that should be considered when selecting methods.


  • Collates the most relevant and up to date information on renewable energy systems in a user friendly format for undergraduate and high school students.
  • Focuses on power production technologies from renewable energy sources.
  • An introduction to how sources of renewable energy work; their advantages and drawbacks.
  • Timely text with the need for fast adoption of renewable energy technologies around the world.
  • Suitable for a diverse audience including students with some scientific background such as final year in high school wanting to know more about combatting climate change.



Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Solar Energy
2.1. Photovoltaic (solar) cells

2.1.1 Semiconductors
2.1.2. The p-n junction
2.1.3. Materials
2.1.4. Other solar cells

2.2. Other Considerations

2.3. Solar thermal panels

2.3.1 Materials
2.3.2 Other Considerations


3. Wind power

3.1. Wind turbines

 3.2. Electrical generators

3.3. Materials

3.4. Other Considerations

4. Water power
4.1. Hydroelectric dams

4.2. River turbines

4.3. Wave power

4.4. Tidal power

4.5. Material

4.6. Other Considerations


5. Geothermal Energy

5.1. The origin of geothermal energy

5.2. Accessing geothermal energy
5.2.1 Using geothermal energy for heating
5.2.2 Using geothermal energy to produce electricity

5.3. Considerations

6. Hydrogen

6.1. Hydrogen production

6.1.1. Electrolysis
6.1.2. Chemical Reactions
6.1.3. Biohydrogen production

6.2. Storage and transport

6.3. Hydrogen use

6.3.1. Fuel cells

6.4. Considerations


7. Biomass

7.1. How is energy produced from biomass?

7.2. Why is energy derived from biomass considered renewable?

7.3.  Types of biomass

7.3.1. Wood
7.3.2. Crops and Grasses
7.3.3. Algae
7.3.4. Waste

7.4. Considerations

8. Energy storage
               8.1. How rechargeable batteries work
        8.2. Batteries for storage

8.2.1 Kead-acid batteries
8.2.2. Lithium-ion batteries
8.2.3. Sodium based batteries
8.2.4. Redox flow batteries
8.3. Batteries for transport
8.3.1. Lithium-based batteries

8.4. Capacitors

8.5. Pumped storage hydropower


9. Carbon capture, storage and conversion

9.1. Carbon capture and storage

9.1.1. Trees and peat bogs
9.1.2. Construction materials and minerals
9.1.3. Porous solids
9.1.4. Absorbance by liquids

9.2. Conversion of captured carbon dioxide

9.2.1. Mineralisation
9.2.2 Chemicals and Fuels


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Elaine A. Moore studied chemistry as an undergraduate

at Oxford University, England, and then stayed on to complete

a DPhil in theoretical chemistry with Peter Atkins.

After a two-year postdoctoral position at the University of

Southampton, England, she joined the Open University, UK

(OU), in 1975, becoming a lecturer in chemistry in 1977,

senior lecturer in 1998 and reader in 2004. She retired in

2017 and currently has an honorary position at the Open


She has produced OU teaching texts in chemistry for

courses at levels 1, 2 and 3 and written texts in astronomy

at level 2 and physics at level 3. She is a co-author of Metals

and Life and of Concepts in Transition Metal Chemistry,

which were part of a level 3 Open University course in

inorganic chemistry, and were co-published with the Royal

Society of Chemistry. She was team leader for the production

and presentation of an Open University level 2 chemistry

module delivered entirely online. She is a Fellow of

the Royal Society of Chemistry and a Senior Fellow of the

Higher Education Academy. She was a co-chair for the successful

departmental submission of an Athena Swan bronze


Her research interests are in theoretical chemistry applied

mainly to solid-state systems, and she is the author or

co-author of more than 50 papers in refereed scientific journals.

A long-standing collaboration in this area led to her

being invited to help run a series of postgraduate workshops

on computational Materials Science hosted by the University of

Khartoum, Sudan.