Exploring Contemporary Police Challenges
A Global Perspective
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Policing in the 21st century is becoming increasingly complicated as economic, political, social, and legal circumstances continue to compel police organizations to evolve. To illustrate the complexity of policing in the 21st century and cover themes common to police organizations around the world, Exploring Contemporary Police Challenges: A Global Perspective is organized into six sections, which cover the key policing challenges across the globe. Based on US President Barack Obama’s 2015 Task Force’s organization into six broad pillars, this volume contains contributions from policing experts focusing on Building Trust and Legitimacy; Providing Policy and Oversight; Utilizing Technology and Social Media; Developing Community Policing and Crime Reduction; Providing Police Training and Education; and Facilitating Officer Wellness and Safety. Scholarly analyses and discussions of these issues in 16 countries on 6 continents offer a global perspective on policing in the 21st century. This volume simultaneously enhances the scope of policing scholarship and demonstrates that no country can sidestep the need to adjust to these rapid and profound changes.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Policing in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities
Sanja Kutnjak Ivković, Jon Maskály, Christopher M. Donner, Irena Cajner Mraović, and Dilip Das
PART I: Building Trust and Legitimacy
Chapter 2: Moral Contexts of Procedural (In)Justice Effects on Public Cooperation with Police: A Vignette Experimental Study
Chapter 3: Police Legitimacy in Chile
Lucía Dammert and Erik Alda
Chapter 4: Citizens’ Perceptions of Fair Treatment by the Police and Court System: Assessing the Generality of Procedural Justice
Christopher M. Donner and David E. Olson
Chapter 5: Self-legitimacy of Police Officers in Urban and Rural Environments
Gorazd Meško and Rok Hacin
PART II: Providing Policy and Oversight
Chapter 6: Democratic Policing and Codes of Conduct in Africa: The South African Police Service
Chapter 7: Do "the Best and the Brightest" of the Ghanaian Police Need Further Integrity Education?
Charlotte O. Kwakye-Nuako, Jon Maskály, Sanja Kutnjak Ivković, Richmond Afoakwah, Benjamin Aboagye, and Patrick Armah Hammond
Chapter 8: Uncovering the Hidden Side of Police Corruption in Ecuador: Attitudes and Experiences of Police Officers and Female Detainees
Andrea Romo Pérez
Chapter 9: Advanced Strategies in Police Integrity Management
Tim Prenzler and Louise Porter
Chapter 10: Intervention and Reform: Addressing Misconduct in American Police
Jason W. Ostrowe
PART III: Utilizing Technology and Social Media
Chapter 11: Police Use of Technology and Social Media: An Examination of Minority Perceptions
Silas Patterson, Lexi Gill, and Bryanna Fox
Chapter 12: The Forthcoming of Body-worn Police Cameras in Cyprus: A Blessing, a Curse or Something in the Middle?
Angelo Constantinou and Markianos Kokkinos
Chapter 13: Policing from the Sky: A Case Study of the Police Use of Drones in South Korea
Yang (Vincent) Liu, Wook Kang, Jon Maskály, and Sanja Kutnjak Ivković
Chapter 14: Cybercrime and Cryptocurrency as New Challenges for the Police
Sesha Kethineni and Robin D. Jackson
PART IV: Developing Community Policing and Crime Reduction
Chapter 15: Attitudes Toward Community Policing Among U.S. Police Recruits: Findings from the National Police Research Platform
Christopher M. Donner and Jon Maskály
Chapter 16: Police Perspectives on Community Policing in South Africa
Sanja Kutnjak Ivković, Jon Maskály, Adri Sauerman, and Michael E. Meyer
Chapter 17: Examining Officer Support for Community Policing in Counterterrorism over Time
Erin M. Kearns and Samantha L. Senn
Chapter 18: Testing the Four Policing Models: What Do the Post-socialist "Customers" Prefer?
Jon Maskály, Sanja Kutnjak Ivković, Yang (Vincent) Liu, Kaja Prislan, and Branko Lobnikar
PART V: Providing Training and Education
Chapter 19: Effectiveness of Online Implicit Bias Training: Evaluating Officer Outcomes from a Cultural Diversity Training Versus a Skills-Based Course on Communication
Tammy Rinehart Kochel
Chapter 20: Does (Police) Education Matter? A Surprising Effect of Education on Police Officer Views of Organizational Integrity
Darko Datzer, Jon Maskály, Sanja Kutnjak Ivković, and Eldan Mujanović
Chapter 21: Mentoring as a Means of Police Capacity Building in Afghanistan
Gavin Boyd and Gordon Marnoch
Chapter 22: A Minority within a Minority: Senior Ranked Policewomen in Pakistan
PART VI: Facilitating Officer Wellness and Safety
Chapter 23: Terrorist Attacks Targeting Police: The Influence of Societal Schism
Jennifer C. Gibbs
Chapter 24: Country Variation in Negative Outcomes Reported by Police Officers
Kim S. Ménard and Michael L. Arter
Chapter 25: Doing a Stressful Job in Stressful Times with Less Stress: Effects of Police COVID-19 Instructions on Police Officer Stress during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Sanja Kutnjak Ivković, Jon Maskály, Krunoslav Borovec, Marijan Vinogradac, and Peter Neyroud
Chapter 26: A Qualitative Study of the Impacts of Work-family Conflict on Police Officer Stress
Jennifer D. Griffin and Ivan Y. Sun
Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovic is Professor at the School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, U.S.A.
Jon Maskály is Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of North Dakota, U.S.A.
Christopher M. Donner is Associate Professor and Graduate Program Director in the Department of Criminal Justice & Criminology at Loyola University Chicago, U.S.A.
Irena Cajner Mraovic is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
Dilip K. Das is Editor in Chief of the series Advances in Police Theory and Practice.
"Exploring Contemporary Policing Challenges: A Global Perspective is an edited book that includes discussions on many of the problematic areas of policing. What sets this volume apart from others is its international approach. The editors have compiled an impressive list of contributors who examine the challenges faced by police as well as their opportunities and do so from countries across the globe. The editors have put together a diverse group of readings and have divided them into sections that help the reader identify chapters of particular interest. While they are reviewed comprehensively in the introductory chapter, the individual studies, and reviews that follow produce a comprehensive and important collection that is of interest to scholars of comparative and international policing."
Professor Geoffrey P. Alpert, University of South Carolina, USA and Griffith University, Australia
"Exploring Contemporary Policing Challenges: A Global Perspective is a welcome addition to the body of knowledge dealing with global issues in policing. This book, paired with the Final Report of 21st Century Policing presents a unique and comprehensive way to view and cover the contemporary policing issues and salient solution. It’s clever the way the book is in alignment with the six pillars of 21st Century policing and uses practical examples to illustrate the points. The way the book is set up is logical and easy to follow. The global perspective lends itself to exploring comparative policing challenges with salient examples from a variety of countries and policing styles. Regardless of where you are in the world, a better, more user friendly version of policing is needed in order to address police reform and the various challenges they face."
Professor Lorenzo M. Boyd, University Of New Haven
"Never before, in the modern history of police profession, there was more of a need for a book like Exploring Contemporary Police Challenges. From its focus on the most dire challenges of police profession in the 21st century, through its comparative and multinational approach to authorship based on a mix of academics and professional, this edited volume walks the reader through a myriad of complex issues that face police profession across the globe, offering not just accounts and analysis but a myriad of solutions as well. Starting with the most critical concept of how agencies need to Build Trust and Legitimacy to maintain their ability to engage in effective, consensus based policing, that can only be achieved through creation of adequate mechanisms of Policy and Oversight. The natural progression to achieve these mechanisms can be seen in the overview of Utilization of Technology and Social Media that help create the oversight through the use of body worn cameras and exposure of police community encounters through various digital platforms and on the other end, the assistance these tools provide for more effective, technology driven policing. The transition to the new modalities of Community Policing that have been heavily endorsed as the panacea for police community relations leads in the most natural manner to focus on issues related to professionalization of the members for the profession through a thorough look at the various aspects of Police Training and Education. The final part of this fine volume deals with the most critical aspect of police profession, namely the historically much ignored topic of Officer Wellness and Safety. The way this volume is structured, it affords the reader with a template of what needs to be done and in what order to change, enhance, and deliver quality policing around the world. The contribution of many of the individual authors is further amplified by their practitioner and academic background that affords them with the insider’s perspective that sheds much light into the frequently criticized yet rarely thoroughly analyzed profession. Finally, the comparative aspect, with focus on countries that are rarely subject to a rigorous and empirical research directed at their police forces is a very much needed and refreshing perspective that will, finally, validate the notion that policing is a true profession that transcends countries and continents. It is a must read for students, researchers and general public who believe in the critical contribution of effective and professional policing to the creation and sustainability of democratic societies."
Professor Maria (Maki) Haberfeld, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, USA
"This edited volume represents an extraordinarily comprehensive and global perspective on policing. Organized masterfully around the pressing issues for policing in the 21st century (i.e., trust and legitimacy, policy and oversight, technology and social media, community policing and crime reduction, training and education, and officer wellness and safety), this book takes the reader on a deep dive into these challenges and areas for growth and advancement in policing. The team of editors and contributors have vast experience, expertise, and scholarship that collectively succeeds in compiling a high-level, yet accessible book that should be of interest to academics, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and all who are interested in learning more about 21st century policing and the path forward."
Professor Wes Jennings, University of Mississippi, USA
"It is to the credit of the editors to have compiled an up-to-date collection of articles, written by a truly global and diverse line-up of competent authors, informing the readership about the most relevant "policing-problems" on the agenda of the late first quarter of the 21st century. The edition is well structured and rich on highly practical examples. From a European perspective, the read is not just worth because of the relevant share of studies covering the old continent, but also because the thinking about progress in policing and building better police institutions has long ago moved beyond national borders and traditions. Police practitioners and students with a stake in achieving high-quality policing by improved understanding of today’s policing issues will take benefit of the reading."
Dr. Detlef Nogala, Research & Knowledge Management Officer, Editor of European Law Enforcement Research Bulletin, CEPOL
"This fine volume brings together fresh reports by policing experts from around the globe. The chapters speak to legitimacy, corruption, community engagement, competence, fair treatment, police violence, officer well-being, and terrorism. There are analyses of the promises and pitfalls of new technologies ranging from drones to body cameras and cybercrime. These cutting-edge reports are organized around six themes common to policing almost everywhere, and together they provide a comprehensive overview of policing in the 21st century."
Professor Wesley G. Skogan, Northwestern University, USA